News Date: April 12 2018
THE Chinese Government says it is prepared to continue assisting countries in the Caribbean and Latin American region with poverty alleviation, despite its own lingering developmental challenges.
Counsellor for the Department of Latin America and Caribbean, Han Jing, told journalists from the region at a meeting at China's foreign affairs ministry in Beijing earlier this week, that while the two matters are interconnected, one should not affect the other.
The session formed part of the agenda for media workers from the region who are being hosted by the Chinese Public Diplomacy Association and the Beijing International Chinese College under a newly launched China-Caribbean media exchange programme.
He pointed out that his Government has already implemented a number of strategies to alleviate poverty among the 14 per cent of its population which is still lagging behind.
Han said some private companies are also engaged in poverty alleviation projects.
“China tries to locate appropriate projects so as to propel employment and growth [in the region],” he said, noting areas such as technical cooperation in agriculture help promote a stable source of income for stakeholders.
“We have a large number of projects and methods for cooperation... the best projects are those in keeping with the imperatives and circumstances in localities,” he said.
According to Han, China and the countries of the Caribbean and Latin America with which it has formal ties, are now benefitting from the best diplomatic and economic relations in history.
He noted, too, that China and the region face common challenges, as despite its rapid socio-economic development over the past four decades, China is still a developing country.
“We are aware of the common challenges we face together. No country can face up to these challenges alone, nor can they retreat to isolation,” Han said.
He pointed out that although China is the world's second largest economy, recording gross domestic product of US$1.22 billion in 2017, it still has its own problems of uneven development and an “alarming” gap between urban and rural areas.
He said 14 per cent of the population still live in poverty but that the Government intends to build a “moderately prosperous” society by 2021, and a modern socialist country that is wealthy and democratically advanced by 2029.
At the same time, China is pushing hard at its Belt in the Road Initiative (BRI), which was launched four years ago.
The BRI is a development campaign which China plans to use to stimulate economic growth across Asia and Europe.
China says that with the countries of the region being what it sees as a “natural extension” of one aspect of the BRI — the maritime silk road — it is willing to synergise its development strategies with those of the countries of the Caribbean region, under the BRI framework.
Han noted China's extensive cooperation initiatives with countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region in politics, people-to-people exchanges, education, climate change, infrastructure works, financing, and other areas.
News Date: April 11 2018
Lawmakers from Africa, Caribbean, Pacific and the European Union (ACP- EU) on Wednesday pledged support for trade liberalization as a means to promote economic growth, peace and security.
The lawmakers who attended a joint assembly in Nairobi said they will rally behind efforts to open up markets, promote skills transfer and investments in order to achieve prosperity for all.
Kenya's Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs and International Trade Monica Juma in her opening remarks at the lawmakers' forum said that a political dialogue is key to boost integration that lies at the heart of globalization.
"From an African standpoint, we support integration that will hasten structural transformation of our economies. Our integration agenda must focus on trade, investments, peace, security and innovations," said Juma.
Dozens of lawmakers from Africa, Caribbean, Pacific and the European Union are attending the three-day joint assembly in Nairobi to discuss critical areas of bilateral cooperation that would unleash mutual benefits.
Juma said elected representatives have a duty to promote open trade in goods and services and technology transfer in critical sectors like agriculture, manufacturing and health.
"Parliaments have an obligation to promote deepening of trade ties and issues of peace, energy, environmental management, innovations and food security," Juma said.
She hailed the establishment of an African Continental Free Trade Area (ACFTA), saying it will boost the continent's bargaining power in the global markets.
Lawmakers from the global south and the EU will support a multilateral trade regime that could guarantee prosperity and security for all citizens irrespective of their nationality, creed and color.
Joseph Kono, the Co-President of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, said well-structured economic partnership agreements coupled with infrastructure development will promote inclusive development.
"The regional parliamentary assemblies should articulate ways to expand market access and promote investments in sectors that have a promising future," said Kono.
News Date: April 10 2018
Ambassador John Deep Ford of Guyana has taken over as chair of the WTO farm trade talks. WTO members confirmed his appointment at a meeting of the Committee on Agriculture in Special Session on 9 April.
In addition to the ongoing negotiations on agricultural reform, Ambassador Ford will also facilitate the negotiations on cotton.
Ambassador Ford replaces Kenya’s Ambassador Stephen Ndung’u Karau. He thanked his predecessor for investing enormous energy and wisdom in guiding members in the agriculture negotiations in the run up to last year's Buenos Aires Ministerial Conference, according to WTO.
In his remarks to members, Ambassador Ford said the main goal is to put the negotiations on a firmer footing and ensure that substantive progress is made towards reaching results that accommodate the interests of all members. He noted that despite the lack of an agreement on a future work program for the farm trade talks at last December’s Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, there was clear convergence of views on the need to advance negotiations on all three pillars of agriculture, namely domestic support, market access and export competition.
“I’m confident we’ve all agreed that it cannot be business as usual,” the new chair said.
“We need to be creative and innovative and not repeat past mistakes,” he continued. “We need to have frank and constructive discussions going forward bearing in mind the interests of all members. It is clear that compromises have to be made if we are to make progress in these negotiations.”
“It is my sincere hope that by working collectively and intensively together in the period ahead, we will be able to address each other's concerns and eventually reach an agreement that would contribute to the establishment of a fairer and more market-oriented agriculture trading system and enhance the food security of all countries.”
Ambassador Ford said the results of his initial consultations with delegations over the coming weeks will determine when meetings of the negotiating group would be scheduled, although he said he would convene at least one informal meeting before the summer break to report on his consultations and give members the opportunity to also report on their activities aimed at facilitating progress in the negotiations.
Ambassador Ford stressed that he was firmly committed to the principles of inclusiveness and transparency and will always listen and respect the views of all delegations – big and small.
“It is a new beginning,” he declared. “My challenge to you is to let us again demonstrate that we can agree in Geneva on rules that contribute to increasing trade and enhancing the welfare of our countries.”
Ambassador John Deep Ford has a Ph.D in Agricultural Economics (Purdue University) and more than 30 years of experience working nationally and globally as an economist in the areas of agricultural trade and food policy. Between 2000 and 2016 he worked at the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the last four years as FAO Regional Director for the Caribbean. Since September 2016 he has been Guyana’s ambassador to the UN in Geneva, the WTO, and the FAO. In 2017 Ambassador Ford served as chair of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group at the WTO.
Ambassador Ford is the eleventh chair of the agriculture negotiations since talks began in March 2000.
Previous WTO agriculture negotiations chairs:
News Date: April 07 2018
Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries Minister, Hon. Audley Shaw, says efforts must be made to reduce the percentage of onions being imported for domestic consumption.
It is a call to which the Caribbean Broilers Group is responding through its Crop Division subsidiary, Imagination Farms, situated at Hill Run, St. Catherine, where it has 12 of over 400 acres of land under onion cultivation.
Data provided by the Caribbean Broilers, more popularly known for meat production, indicate that over the past five years, domestic onion consumption soared to 10 million kilogrammes per annum, of which imports accounted for approximately 85 per cent.
Against this background, Mr. Shaw emphasized that “we have to begin to chip away at that (85) percentage”, through increased domestic cultivation.
He was speaking with journalists following a tour of Imagination Farms on Friday (April 6).
Caribbean Broilers Group Operations Manager, Don McGlashan, told JIS News that the entity is seeking to produce enough onions from the 12 acres under cultivation to contribute to reducing imports by an initial 10 per cent, with a view to increasing this to 50 per cent over the next five years.
Noting that the Mercedes and Polaris varieties of onions are currently grown at the farms, Mr. McGlashan said the entity wants to contribute to reducing the ratio of imports.
“We (Jamaica) are importing about nine million kilogrammes and we want to be a part of the process to arrest this situation. We have started on a good road. Our yields have been good and at the end of the harvest in another 10 days, we should be doing as well as anybody in first world countries,” Mr. McGlashan added.
Meanwhile, Mr. Shaw reiterated plans to put vast acreages of unused arable lands, particularly at sugar estates in Monymusk, Clarendon and Bernard Lodge, St. Catherine, under production.
“Right now, Monymusk only uses about 6,000 acres of land, which is in cane production. When we improve the conditions there, by getting more small, medium and large farmers (involved in) producing cane, we’re… going to need about 15,000 acres,” he said.
The Minister also reiterated that over 20,000 acres of land are going to be available for lease and sale.
“We’re going to put them in the hands of serious people who are going to plant (crops, and from these,) process and use what we can locally (for general consumption) and in the tourism industry,” he added.
Meanwhile, Mr. Shaw underscored the need to boost the ratio of domestic crops consumed within the hospitality sector, which he said totals five per cent.
The Minister said against the background of inputs from stakeholders, such as the Caribbean Broilers Group, he is optimistic of a turnaround in this regard
In addition to onions, Imagination Farms also cultivates scotch bonnet peppers, sorrel, sweet corn and West Indies Sea Island Cotton.
They are also working with value added processors to provide them with produce and to enter into long term contracts for supplies.
Caribbean Broilers’ management anticipate that, similar to its livestock operation, they can partner with small farmers to provide them with access to research inputs and engage them as independent contract growers
News Date: April 06 2018
The Commission of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States is building upon progress to safeguard the Eastern Caribbean’s agricultural sector through greater access to applied farming technology from South America in the face of climate change and food security concerns.
Representatives from the Commission recently joined eleven High Level Officials from Caribbean Agricultural Ministries, CARICOM Secretariat and CARDI in Brasilia, Brazil and Buenos Aires, Argentina from the 12-15th March to strengthen ties and agricultural technology transfers between the Caribbean, Argentina and Brazil.
The mission was led by Dr. Manuel Otero, Director General of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and included a working session in Brasilia, Brazil prior to an Argentine Senate visit with the President of the Agricultural Commission, Mr. Alfredo De Angeli, as well as various technical site visits to institutions to gain first hand knowledge of innovative technologies and research in the agricultural sector that promote food security and build resilience.
Representatives also visited the National Agricultural Technology Institute (INTA) to examine research facilities that specialize in natural resources, climate and water and domestic agriculture to experience the latest technologies being applied to enhance food security.
OECS Commission Head of Development Cooperation and Resource Mobilization, Ms. Beverly Best said the program to access new farming technologies especially for small holders would complement other regional advancements such as the OECS agri-shipping initiative.
“We see this as an important first step in strengthening cooperation between the countries of the Organization of Caribbean States (OECS), the governments of Argentina and Brazil and IICA” said Ms. Best.
“The initiative provides a platform through which we can enhance south-south cooperation and knowledge and skills sharing with Brazil and Argentina that have made significant strides in agricultural development and the inclusion of family farmers.
“Most farmers in the OECS are small holders and we look forward to further collaborations to learn about new technology and best practices and to then share these with our agriculture sector” said Ms. Best
Desiree Field-Ridley, CARICOM’s Officer in charge of Trade and Economic Integration, explained that agriculture is one of our key sectors, but it has not grown as needed or expected, and therefore were seeking some kind of assistance that will allow us to offer the necessary support to this activity.
“IICA ‘s work is very important in this regard and we realize that we can cooperate with Brazil and Argentina. Agriculture should be the industry that attracts youth and investors and it should unite technology and investment.”
News Date: April 06 2018
Former Agriculture Minister, Moses ‘Musa’ Jn Baptiste, has expressed the view that the Caribbean should approach the issue of decriminalising marijuana in a united way.
‘It is something that we have spoken about even when we were in government. I was minister of agriculture and that question came up many times,’ Jn Baptiste recalled.
‘We were always of the view that the Caribbean should approach this in a united way because if you have decriminalisation in various countries and not in others, especially in an OECS economic union, you can envisage the challenges,’ the former minister told reporters Thursday.
He asserted that the decriminalisation process and the decriminalisation movement in the region are moving in a ‘particular direction.’
‘I am sure that all governments in the sub-region will quickly realise that instead of everybody doing it on their own, that we should move on this,’ Jn Baptiste declared.
He expressed the hope that there would be widespread consultation.
‘The whole society has to sit down and talk about this – but certainly, this is moving in a particular direction and we see what is happening in the United States, we see what is happening in certain states in the United States and we just noticed what has happened in Antigua and definitely I am sure all governments and people in the region, especially the OECS economic union, will be taking this seriously,’ Jn Baptiste stated.
News Date: April 06 2018
Three Okeechobee goats now call Saint Kitts and Nevis their new home thanks to a collaborative project being led by the Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine’s Small Ruminant Student Club and the local Ministry of Agriculture.
Three different genetic lines of boer goats from Kissimmee River Boer Goats located in Okeechobee, were delivered to the island of St. Kitts and Nevis in the Caribbean to crossbreed with the local goats in order to help the limited genetic diversity of goats on the island.
Through the crossbreeding of local doe breeds with boer goats brought to the island from Florida, this collaborative project aims to improve goat farming and food production on the island within the next five to ten years.
Kissimmee River Boer Goats owner Teresa Prescott admitted she was a little envious that her goats get to enjoy life in the Caribbean now.
“I’m a little jealous of the goats getting to go to such a beautiful location,” Mrs. Prescott said with a laugh. “The goats have very big personalities, so I get a little sentimental seeing them go. But it’s been a great experience working with the students at Ross, they are just the nicest people I’ve ever talked to and it’s been a pleasure to deal with them.”
Dr. Aspinas Chapwanya, assistant professor of Theriogenology at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, oversaw the project of introducing new genetic lines into the islands ecosystem.
“What we discovered in working with the local farmers is that there was quite a lot of inbreeding and we just didn’t have the diversity in genetics that we want,” explained Dr. Chapwanya. “Because of that, the growth and the quality of the goats were very low. So we started looking around for a different breed to introduce to diversify the genetic pool on the island. We were looking for a goat that was hardy, and could survive in this environment. And not only survive but thrive, with good growth characteristics that allowed us to produce more meat for the local market.
“But the most exciting part of this project is that it’s a great opportunity for our students, because we’re in the business of training the veterinarians of tomorrow. We want to produce vets that are practice ready.”
One of the students participating in the project is Michael Taylor. Michael is the president of Ross Vet Small Ruminant Club.
“It’s really a great opportunity for the members of our club,” said Taylor. “We learn a bunch of information in classes, but it’s nice to actually have the chance to apply it hands on and get that experience. In addition to the skills we learn, such as doing ultra sounds and practicing vaccinations and exams on these animals, it’s also really nice to have the interaction with the farmers. That’s something we don’t get much practice with while in school.”
Mrs. Prescott says that the transition of getting the goats to St. Kitts and Nevis was flawless, and she wouldn’t mind visiting the island herself soon.
News Date: April 04 2018
The World Bank has signed a multi-million dollar grant to aid climate-resilient practices in the fisheries sector in Jamaica.
The Washington-based financial institution said Dr. Nigel Clarke, Jamaica’s minister of Finance & the Public Service, and World Bank Country Manager Jamaica Galina Sotirova signed the US$4.875 million grant on Wednesday, March 28 “to help highly vulnerable fishing and fish farming communities in Jamaica to adopt climate-resilient practices.
The World Bank noted that about 90 percent of Jamaica’s gross domestic product (GDP) is generated in coastal areas and that both fisheries and tourism are a major source of the country’s revenue.
Both industries are “largely affected by environmental pollution, overfishing, as well as the impacts of climate change and warming of the ocean,” the World Bank said, adding that an estimated 50,000 people are engaged in fishing activities.
It said aquaculture directly employs between 800 to 1,000 Jamaicans.
“This project will be key to putting in place effective measures to protect the marine and coastal resources, build resilience to climate change and promote livelihoods in the most vulnerable fishing communities of the country,” Sotirova said.
“The Caribbean Sea’s ecosystems and natural resources represent a unique asset for Jamaica,” she added. “By helping the fishing communities protect and better manage this ‘natural capital’ asset, we hope to promote the blue economy and foster sustainable growth in the country.”
Clarke said that the project is “aligned with the government of Jamaica’s 2030 development goals and the 2015 National Fisheries and Agriculture Policy,” adding that the government is “committed to ending poverty in Jamaica and providing prosperity for all by supporting communities most vulnerable to climate change.”
“This is a government which believes in partnership, and we thank the World Bank for its partnership over the past 55 years,” he said.
Noting that the fishing industry plays a “critical role” in the Jamaican economy, Clarke said the industry was “particularly susceptible to the vagaries of climate change, and the project was specifically designed to support fisherfolk and fishing communities with little or no engagement in other economic activity.”
Specifically, the World Bank said the “Promoting Community-based Climate Resilience in the Fisheries Sector” project will “strengthen the fisheries policy and regulatory framework for climate resilient fisheries and aquaculture management and build capacity to promote sustainable fisheries management.”
The project will also support fishing and fish farming communities adopt climate-resilient aquaculture, coastal mari-culture/poly-culture, “and diversify their livelihoods and raise awareness on climate change impacts on the fisheries sector,” the bank said.
News Date: April 01 2018
Vietnam and Trinidad and Tobago are seeking stronger ties with Cuba for different goals. During an official visit to Cuba, Communist Party of Vietnam’s (PCV) Nguyen Phu Trongheld dialogue with Cuban President Raul Castro to discuss the strengthening of bilateral relations between the two nations
Trinidad and Tobago and Cuba are set to deepen ties and engage in knowledge sharing in the area of food production and sustainable agriculture. The news comes from Trinidad and Tobago’s Ambassador to Cuba, Lancelot Cowie, who said that they are interested in strengthening food industry relations with their Caribbean counterpart, a “very experienced country on the matter.”
Communist Cuba and Vietnam first established diplomatic relations in 1960, born out of a shared goal to promote socialism and sustainable development.
“We firmly believe that the outcomes of this visit will greatly contribute to the inheritance and promotion of the Vietnam-Cuba traditional solidarity and friendship and, particularly, foster and improve the effectiveness of cooperation between our two countries in the new period,” Phu Trong stated in a release following the trip.
Phu Trong and Castro were parties to the signing of some nine agreements which aims to increase government and business cooperation between to two countries. Following the inking of the accords, Phu Trong furnished Castro with Vietnam’s highest distinction, the Golden Star Order.
“The close friendship between Cuba and Vietnam has passed the test of time,” Castro declared. The Vietnamese were similarly celebrated with the title of Doctor Honoris Causa in Political Sciences from the University of Havana.
As for T&T, Cowie commented on the development while praising Cuba’s achievements in urban and suburban agriculture at the 21st International Food and Agriculture Fair (Fiagrop 2018) in Havana, Cuba. Cowie pointed to Cuba’s advancement in the use of natural fertilizers and other organic products as an area of particular interest.
In the past Cuba has sent experts in vegetable production and other agricultural branches to Trinidad and Tobago and other Caribbean countries, and Cowie told Prensa Latina that the two-island nation hopes to expand that partnership to cacao production.
News Date: April 01 2018
The Climate Smart Greenhouse created by Jade Hutchinson and Keigan Mayers, both only thirty-six years old, is going to change the reality of food production in Saint Lucia despite the threatening odds of climate change
As most of the public is aware, the infamous Industrial Revolution left the planet with the greenhouse effect and a sky-rocketing rate of climate change. The increasing unpredictability of rainy days in Saint Lucia and the noticeable hurricane intensities in recent seasons are all suspected to be effects of climate change. Just last year, Hurricane Maria toppled some banana trees from a distance and the year prior, farmers were faced with Tropical Storm Matthew. So, this pair of innovators designed the Climate Smart Greenhouse that would inform farmers of what environment plants need in certain climatic conditions. Hutchinson stated at a press conference on March 28, 2018, “It will help people understand farming practices and help people move away from the traditional open-field practices to more suitable practices for climate change.”
In addition, Mayers said, “We came up with this project because Saint Lucia [and the Caribbean] has a very high food import bill.” He explained that the cost of food transportation would increase and availability might decrease because of increasing drought and famine in certain regions.
He continued: “The Caribbean has wonderful, arable soil, great sun and great energy production for agriculture, so we decided to come up with a way to harness that and then increase the output that you get from these plants.
“We can’t compete in the size of a farm but we can compete in the production of, say, one single plant. If we can increase that, we can develop a more stable food industry.”
How will they be able to accomplish that? “Quite basically it’s all about energy manipulation,” said Mayers. The Climate Smart Greenhouse will be a controlled environment where farmers can manipulate the temperature, humidity, energy from sunlight and atmospheric conditions. Through data collection and research technique to be perfected in the piloting phase, Hutchinson and Mayers will be able to create a database and consultancy programme, which will inform farmers when and how to change the conditions as well as soil nutrient content when needed. This will enable more produce and reproduction per plant.
“We have people working, and we have to use our resources, so we’re giving them [farmers] technology that will be affordable, that is scalable to their needs and that gives them the output that they need,” Mayers said.
Hutchinson added: “Off their phones the farmer can now actually get all that information. You wake up in the morning, you know what your farm’s like and you can then automate the actions from your bed.”
Increased production from the Climate Smart Greenhouse will simultaneously increase farmers’ income. The combination of technology, farming and income is projected to attract young persons and investors into the agricultural industry enabling greater food security in Saint Lucia and the Caribbean.
Part of the funding for the project will be US$50,000 by the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Program of the United Nations Development Program. The national program coordinator on island, Giles Romulus, expressed, “We must understand, you don’t fix up a roof when there’s a hurricane or when the hurricane is on you, but you have to prepare before the hurricane comes. What is happening there, those young men are bringing to us a new way of agriculture before the variables of climate change become unsupportable.”
Yvonne Agard, the executive director of Saint Lucia Coalition of Service Industries (SLCSI) added, “The budget is US$104,000; GEF’s contribution is US$50,000. We need to be able to raise the other US$54,000 in kind contribution so we are also inviting other investors and co funders to participate in this innovative project.”
The SLCSI encouraged partners Jade Hutchinson and Keigan Mayers, through varying programmes, to develop and create the project. Its part in the Climate Smart Greenhouse is to ensure that all parties involved maintain responsibility and to ensure the project’s success.
Hutchinson and Mayers intend to make a template of the project, which will be available for adoption for any farmer once it is successful
News Date: April 03 2018
The Barbados Hotel and Tourism Association (BHTA) has been working with local farmers, in an effort to strengthen the linkages between tourism and agriculture, and to see more local produce being utilised in the tourism sector.
Word of this has come from Rudy Grant, CEO of the Barbados Hotel and Tourism Association. Whilst lending support to the Barbados Culinary Team, ahead of the highly anticipated Taste of the Caribbean 2018 event to be held in Miami, Florida in the USA later this year, Grant spoke to the efforts being made to strengthen these linkages.
“I am happy to report that at the BHTA, we are collaborating with the farmers. There is an IDB Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) Project that is being undertaken and that project has been created to strengthen the linkages between tourism and agriculture, and to facilitate a good quality consistent supply of products, from farmers to the hotels and to restaurants. We are extremely happy that the project has been progressing well,” Grant remarked.
“We are looking to expand the number of hotels that are participating in that activity, but it signals in a very significant way, that if you are strengthening the linkages, then you can certainly effect a win-win for everyone. A win for the hoteliers and the restaurateurs, a win for the farmers and a win in terms of ensuring that there is less foreign exchange used, in terms of the importation of goods,” Grant further commented.
He meanwhile had high praise for the Barbados Culinary Team, headed by manager Henderson Butcher, for the work being done so far to make a mark on the international stage and for efforts to also use local produce, in the dishes presented overseas.
“Last year when we went to the Taste of the Caribbean, I was blown away with the manner in which the team used Barbadian ingredients, in order to display the delicacies that they did. I remember when we were going up, the manager said to me that he was going to take up some red herring and I said, red herring? Red herring is something that has a really strong smell and I really wondered how he was going to utilise that red herring. But on the night when the red herring was served, it was very delightful, it was very tasteful and the manner in which it was presented was truly exotic, and it is amazing to see how the chefs are able to take our local produce and display it in the way that they do,” Grant pointed out.
He added, “Of course there is an even stronger message that the team is displaying when they go to the competitions and utilise Barbadian products – It is the strong linkages between tourism and agriculture”.
“There has been a significant amount of reference to our foreign reserves and the reality is, if we are able to decrease the number of imports which we have, we can effect less foreign exchange going out of the country,” he said of the use of more local goods.
News Date: April 03 2018
There is a lot of good which is taking place on hurricane-ravaged Dominica that should not be overlooked, despite one negative incident. Mercy Foundation chairman Nigel Salina made the point while clearing up a misunderstanding which occurred following an interview last Saturday in which he said there was “tremendous goodwill” between the island states following their commitment to rebuild those islands which had been devastated by Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017.
He said the incident in which TT had not voted in favour for a waiver of Dominica’s fees to the OAS was a political issue, which he did not have the authority to address. He said focus should instead be on the work of the foundation, a division of the Living Water Community, and a special-purpose vehicle formed to support and assist communities throughout the wider Caribbean.
He said in Dominica, the agricultural sector was devastated while 62 per cent of the houses were heavily damaged and 15 per cent totally destroyed. The foundation, he said, was rebuilding a school which had previously housed 300 students, who were being accommodated at present under several large tents.
Salina, who also heads the Global Leadership Forum and the Caribbean Rebuild Our Homes Project, said the plan was to rebuild more schools and then focus on the rebuilding houses.
A document titled A Blueprint of Hope for our Caribbean families in Need: the Caribbean- Rebuild Our Homes Project maps out the four priorities: housing construction and repair; safe drinking water and sanitation; agriculture, fisheries, livestock and equipment; and restoration of educational facilities and systems.
He said over 40 containers of relief supplies had been sent to the affected islands, which also include Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla and the British Virgin Islands. Plans are also under way for a campaign to raise international awareness, as the islands are still reeling from the devastation. Salina said families were torn apart, communities destroyed and entire economies shattered, and it would take a long time to put the pieces back together.
News Date: March 30 2018
The private sector arm of the Inter-American Development Bank, IDB Invest, signed a $45 million USD loan that will help fund agricultural projects in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The loan was signed with the Latin American Agribusiness Development Corporation (LAAD) and is planned to finance small and mid-sized agribusiness ventures in Colombia, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Peru.
LAAD’s loans are typically directed toward projects aiming to develop permanent crops or agricultural equipment that are sustainable and socially beneficial to the area in terms of generating employment and food production.
“The operation allows IDB Invest to positively impact a large number of micro, small, and medium enterprises, given LAAD’s knowledge of the agribusiness sector in the region,” stated the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in a statement.
The institution believes that the financing will help LAAD expand its loan portfolio. “The objective for LAAD is to continue financing projects that, with a focus on sustainability, involve all stages of production, storage, technology and commercialization,” stated IDB.
News Date: March 28 2018
The Department of Agriculture is making strides in every sector of agriculture in its continued quest for the island’s food security.
The department’s achievements in 2017 were revealed by Director Randy Elliott at the opening ceremony for its recently held 24th Annual Open Day at the Villa Grounds in Charlestown.
“The Abattoir continues to grow surpassing its proposed projection by 15 percent,” he said. “Tick detection within the year has decreased by 5 percent and general animal health has improved against all odds. Marketing has grown by 12 percent, with throughput sales and crop production increased by 22 percent, as we continue to see an increase in green house technology, banana production and other [crops] among farmers. There is no doubt that the sector is growing.”
Elliott added that there has also been an increase in the commodities exported through the Plant Quarantine Unit and there are no new invasive pests introduced as the department continues to protect the island’s boarders.
He said the Plant Propagation Unit continues to play its role providing healthy seedlings and fruit trees to farmers and the public. As a result, they have realised an 18 percent increase in output. The Agro Processing Unit has also registered an increase in its output of 25 percent.
The department’s director commended the creativity demonstrated by staff members and former permanent secretaries and directors. He said the department’s achievements came in spite of the challenges faced in 2017, notably the passage of hurricanes Irma and Maria, which adversely affected farmers.
However, with the assistance of the partnerships forged with allied agencies and friendly governments, including the Republic of China (Taiwan), Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), Caribbean Agricultural Research & Development Institute (CARDI), TDC, Tropical Blossoms and the department’s staff, they were able to pull through with crop production.
Elliott underscored the department’s commitment to improving the island’s food security through farmers to provide affordable and healthy food for the people of Nevis. He urged consumers to continue to support the farmers and to buy and consume local produce.
Apart from crop production, the department has seen success in dealing with the island’s monkey population. Through the ANOVA project, 17 acres of farm lands owned by 12 farmers has been protected with the installation of electric fencing.
The department has also begun developing forage banks for livestock farmers, improving animal surveillance and introducing new cattle breeds.
Two costal development projects have also been introduced through the Global Environmental Fund (GEF) and the Nevis Historical and Conservation Society (NHCS). At New River, a 10-acre block has been reserved for coconut development, while five acres of land has been set aside at Prospect for the establishment of an arboretum.
The department has remodelled the Plant Propagation Unit’s shade house; reopened the Animal Pound; constructed green houses for schools; held educational workshops for farmers, in collaboration with allied partners, including the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), on a variety of topics about money management; and they have set up a semi-commercial aquaponics farm at Prospect.
News Date: March 28 2018
TECHNOLOGICAL advancement and innovation in agriculture along with the active involvement of youth in the sector, were among the many features observed by Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley who along with a team of officers from the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Fisheries (MALF) - toured a series of agricultural and dairy farms in South Trinidad on Monday.
According to a release, the tours were to the PCS Model Farm and Agricultural Resource Centre in Couva; High Quality Seedlings and Garden Shop as well as the Marillisa Farm in Penal, were jointly led by Rowley, the Ministry’s Parliamentary Secretary and Senator Avinash Singh.
Lincoln Thackorie, proprietor of the Marillisa Farm in Penal, home to the largest and most advanced small ruminant (sheep and goat) farm in the English Speaking Caribbean, co-ordinated the team’s final leg of a seven hour tour, which began at PCS Model Farm and Agricultural Resource Centre (PCS Farm) in Couva.
The PCS Farm, has had over 7000 training participants (ranging from an average age of 13 to 60) and over 3000 visitors (inclusive of secondary and
tertiary students) since its inception in 2009.According to Ian Welch, Managing Director of Trinidad Nutrien __ the mother company of PCS Nitrogen Trinidad Limited, under whose remit the PCS Farm falls __ the purpose of the free training programmes was to make agriculture “attractive” and, “to bring farming back to the communities” through “the education process”.
“It’s all about transmitting our resources and ‘know-how to the farming community of Trinidad and Tobago so that more persons can be encouraged to farm and thus, curtail our food imports.” As a perfect example of synthesis between agriculture and technology, the team’s tour of the facilities at High Quality Seedlings and Garden Shop in Penal, enabled members to witness firsthand, the concept of substituting “working hard” with “working smart”.
By operationalizing an automated: soil mixer; seedling-tray filler and; “precision needle seeder”, Managing Director of the shop, Shantie Soogrim explained that “more than four thousand (4,000) seedling trays can be set per day”, a task which may have otherwise required a staff of some 33 employees to perform.
Soogrim, who prided herself as an innovative pioneer in the agricultural realm, also demonstrated a mechanical, “high-powered hot water sterilizer treatment”, which she said, made the use of harmful, chemical seedling tray cleaners, obsolete.
News Date: March 27 2018
The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) says it will provide a grant of £974, 000 to the Government of Jamaica to prepare a feasibility and design study for the development of an agriculture project for communities in St Catherine and Clarendon.
The St Catherine and Clarendon Agricultural Development project is being funded through a grant from the United Kingdom Caribbean Infrastructure Partnership Fund (UKCIF), which is administered by CDB.
“The agriculture sector plays a significant role in Jamaica's socio-economic development, and provides employment opportunities for rural residents. In St Catherine and Clarendon, there are large areas of land which are being underutilized, and which could provide opportunities for expanding the sector,” a CDB release quotes its Head of Infrastructure Partnerships Andrew Dupigny.
“The plans and designs developed under this feasibility study will lay the groundwork for a project to enhance the productivity of farmers in these parishes,” he added.
According to the CDB, the feasibility study will establish capacity for an agriculture project, including an irrigation system and associated production and marketing systems. Challenges for the agriculture sector in Jamaica include irregular rainfall patterns and an increase in the frequency of droughts. Clarendon and St Catherine were among six areas identified for the development of major irrigation systems in Jamaica, of which three have been completed. One is being financed through a previously approved UKCIF grant.
The fund provides grant financing to eight Caribbean countries eligible for Overseas Development Assistance, and UK Overseas Territory, Montserrat.
“This project is consistent with CDB's strategic objective of supporting inclusive and sustainable growth and development, as well as CDB's corporate priority of supporting agriculture and rural development,” the release said.
News Date: March 25 2018
It was recently brought to my attention that the popular Sam ‘juke-bois’ Flood, of Creole Radio fame, announced on one of his early morning shows that Winfresh, the marketer of Windward Islands bananas, is about to introduce new plastic packaging boxes for farmers to ship bananas. The cardboard cartons in which the fruit had been shipped for the past six decades or so, have apparently outlived their usefulness.
News Date: March 23 2018
Agriculture advisor to Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley, Dr John Alleyne, is urging pineapple growers to move quickly to secure a patent on a unique variety of the fruit currently under cultivation in Tableland, south Trinidad.
Dr Alleyne issued the alert while addressing the opening of the TechAGRI Expo on the St Augustine campus of the University of the West Indies (UWI) yesterday. He stood in for an absent Agriculture Minister Clarence Rambharat.
According to Dr Alleyne, the country has already lost exclusive rights to the now world-famous Moruga Scorpion pepper and the indigenous Double Chaconia and the same can now happen with the Tableland Sugar Loaf pineapple hybrid if T&T does not move fast.
He urged greater collaboration between producers and institutions such as UWI, the relevant regional and international agencies and the government to ensure that the indigenous pineapple variety remains under national ownership via patents.
“Now is the moment to get national (farmers’) bodies tied into UWI,” he argued, in an effort to ensure that farmers in the field receive the research and development support of the university.
Speaking briefly with T&T Guardian, executive director of the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) Barton Clarke said securing IP rights is an indispensable part of development in the sector and unique hybrid varieties are being recognised in a variety of other crops throughout the region.
Advisor to the Pineapple Farmers Association, Omadath Maharaj said work has already started on securing such intellectual property (IP) rights when it came to the hybrid variety, known for its size and unique taste.
He explained that farmers already enjoy a ready market “for all the pineapples they grow” and the scope for value-added processing was limited, so far, given the scale of production and the heavy demand for fresh fruit.
Maharaj said a preliminary meeting had already been held with the IP Office of the Ministry of Legal Affairs to begin the process of securing a patent.
He, however, said the sector also needs to capture the “indigenous knowledge” of current farmers who have worked to propagate the unique variety.
News Date: March 22 2018
Trinidad and Tobago and Cuba are set to deepen ties and engage in knowledge sharing in the area of food production and sustainable agriculture. The news comes from Trinidad and Tobago's Ambassador to Cuba, Lancelot Cowie, who said that they are interested in strengthening food industry relations with their Caribbean counterpart, a "very experienced country on the matter."
Cowie commented on the development while praising Cuba's achievements in urban and suburban agriculture at the 21st International Food and Agriculture Fair (Fiagrop 2018) in Havana, Cuba. Cowie pointed to Cuba's advancement in the use of natural fertilizers and other organic products as an area of particular interest.
In the past, Cuba has sent experts in vegetable production and other agricultural branches to Trinidad and Tobago and other Caribbean countries, and Cowie told Prensa Latina that the two-island nation hopes to expand that partnership to cacao production.
An entrepreneurs delegation from Trinidad and Tobago visited Cuba in 2017 to promote bi-lateral partnerships in a number of areas including paint production and other petrochemical areas.
Cowie thinks that the new flight routes between both countries will also contribute to greater trade, as well as cultural exchange and tourism.
Fiagrop is a Cuban annual fair that intends to promote foreign investment in Cuban fields, business ideas, livestock and agricultural farming, and rodeo as a sport for ranchers.
The fair is taking place from March 17 to 25 in the Rancho Boyeros Fair Venue at Havana.
This year the Fiagrop has 226 exhibits, including exhibitors from Spain, Germany, Mexico, Panama, Netherlands, Brazil, Argentine, Slovakia, Colombia, Uruguay, Guatemala, Costa Rica, the United States of America, Ghana, Antigua and Barbuda, Nigeria and New Zealand, besides exhibitors from all Cuban provinces.
The participation amounts to a 131 percent growth since 2017's edition according to Aroche Rodriguez, director of the fair.
The fair is hosting conferences on cattle breeding, feeding and the production of organic products.
Besides agricultural projects and businesses, the fair also includes the National Rodeo Championship, with participants from the Villa Clara, Ciego de Avila and Santi Spiritus provinces, followed by an international rodeo competition with participants from Colombia, the U.S., Costa Rica and Cuba.
The closing ceremony on March 25 will feature a showcase from the rodeo champions.
News Date: March 20 2018
Caribbean nations have been working hard to protect their fishing and agricultural sectors from climate change while strengthening relations with South America.
The Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) is working with the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to create fishing and aquaculture policies that help fishing communities adapt to climate change adaptation before the 2018 hurricane season begins.
The new protocol will be integrated into the Caribbean Community Common Fisheries Policy.
The FAO and CRFM are embarking on this project to ensure that "environmental, coastal and marine management considerations, in a way that safeguards fisheries and associated ecosystems from human-induced threats and to mitigate the impacts of climate change and natural disasters." Project leaders want to "increase resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change in the eastern Caribbean fisheries sector."
It’s hoped that the suggested protocols, which will need to be approved by Caribbean nation agricultural and fishing ministers, will be approved by the various governments by June 1 when the region’s storm season begins.
Caribbean governments are also looking to Brazil and Argentina to increase their agricultural knowledge to mitigate the negative effects of climate change.
Ministers from St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Guyana, Haiti, Suriname, Antigua and Barbuda, St. Christopher and Nevis, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Haiti and St. Lucia, as well as representatives from the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and Brazilian agricultural leaders met with Argentine legislators to enhance bilateral cooperation and discuss how to use technology to stave off climate change.
"We see this initiative as an important first step in strengthening cooperation between the countries of the Organization of Caribbean States (OECS), the governments of Argentina and Brazil. The initiative provides a platform through which we may enhance south-south cooperation and knowledge and skills sharing," said Beverly Best of the OECS.
Prior to arriving in Buenos Aires, the entourage of Caribbean politicians went to Brasilia, Brazil, learn about agricultural technologies the country is using to be less vulnerable to climate change and ensure food security.
News Date: March 15 2018
Chairman of the Tourism Linkages Council in Jamaica, Adam Stewart, is calling on hoteliers and other tourism interests, to invest in the local agriculture sector, noting that this is a surefire way of enhancing the country’s economic development. He says that “for too long, we have been ignoring the obvious linkage between two of Jamaica’s most important sectors – agriculture and tourism – and the benefits to be had in getting them to work in sync with each other”.
“I am today calling on and encouraging all of corporate Jamaica, all of the other hotel brands, locally and foreign-owned, to pay attention to the farmers. Pay attention to the farmers, who have a role to play in the growth that the industry is experiencing today. Their (the farmers) success is Jamaica’s success, which is the industry’s success,” he argues. Stewart, who is also Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Sandals Resorts International, was speaking against the background of the company’s investment in an Irish potato pilot project. Sandals has made upfront purchase of over $3 million worth of Irish potato seeds for local farmers, which equates to 1,300 bags, capable of planting 40 to 50 acres. The provision is expected to yield 700,000 pounds of potatoes to supply the Sandals chain. While five farmers will benefit in this initial phase, the objective is to expand the programme, so that farmers will be the sole providers of Irish potatoes to the entire Sandals group, which comprise 11 resorts in Jamaica.
“The main aim is for Sandals to be 100 per cent supplied with Jamaica-grown Irish potato, with no further reason to import. This is a long-term sustainable programme,” Stewart says. “It is about growing locally, buying locally, and putting these micro and small farmers into business with a guarantee buy-back programme. “What we are doing here at a starting place should yield some $25 million worth of business to these farmers and move us further and further away from import substitution,” he adds.
The Sandals CEO says that while the focus is on Irish potatoes, there are other opportunities with onions, yams, turnips, etc. “Ours is a pilot project, which will guide us on the way forward,” Stewart notes. He says the objective is to enable agriculture to maximize its full potential, noting that there is no better way than to consummate the marriage with tourism. “This is not just to prove to ourselves but for us to show the country how corporate Jamaica can get involved,” Stewart says.
The Sandals initiative is being strongly supported and praised by Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, Karl Samuda. “We need the private sector to provide the capital, the working capital, to give our farmers that much-needed push, so in this regard, I must commend the efforts we have been seeing from the Sandals hotel chain,” the minister says. “They are pumping millions into the farming of Irish potatoes to supply their needs. Now, very soon, they will be coming off the grid as far as Irish potato needs are concerned, because they are now financing the development of the crop to satisfy the Sandals chain.”
Samuda says it is mind-boggling to think of the prospects for agriculture and, by extension, the economic fortunes of Jamaica, if the Sandals model was emulated by others.
News Date: March 08 2018
An advanced training facility for local farmers is to be built in the British Virgin Islands and government is not sponsoring the development.
Minister responsible for agriculture, Dr Kedrick Pickering said a private investor who is opting to remain incognito is financing the entire project.
“All that facility is going to be used for is to train farmers [in greenhouse technology] … They can train between 12 and 15 persons at a time,” said Dr Pickering, who did not divulge too much information because government has signed a nondisclosure agreement with the investors.
But, he noted that local farmers will become certified after the training.
He added that the said training will be linked to the long-promised greenhouse project that is being reinstituted.
“They (the investors) will guarantee you an investment in your time in one of the greenhouses when you are finished being trained,” Dr Pickering said.
He then noted that similar training is happening in other Caribbean countries.
However, the minister, who has his sight set on agriculture becoming the territory’s main economic pillar, said the BVI can potentially become leaders of agribusiness in the region.
While speaking about the training facility during a meeting with farmers on Wednesday, Dr Pickering said: “It is one of the most exciting things I’ve seen that anybody put out in a long time. They are doing it in Jamaica as we speak, they are doing it in Anguilla, and they are looking for other Caribbean countries to do the same thing. And if we get ahead of that aspect of it, I think we could set the pace.”
News Date: March 07 2018
Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), José Graziano da Silva, has called for a multisectoral approach in combating malnutrition and obesity, which are on the rise in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).
Speaking on day two of the FAO’s 35th Regional Conference for the LAC at the Montego Bay Convention Centre in St. James on Tuesday (March 6), Mr. da Silva said there is a “disturbing change”, which has resulted in the prevalence of malnourished people increasing in countries of the Caribbean, South and Central American subregions.
“The prevalence of malnourished people increased in 2016. This includes here in Latin America and the Caribbean, where the numbers went up from 20 million to 42.2 million. So now it is time to take stock of the promise made, then find the reasons for this setback and draw conclusions on how to move forward to make sure that the numbers go down,” he said.
Mr. da Silva noted that obesity is of grave concern to the FAO, as there has been a marked increase in the onset of childhood obesity in LAC member states.
“The rate of overweight children under five years of age is about seven per cent, exceeding the world average. Obesity has increased in all groups. In 24 countries of the region, about 20 per cent of the population is obese,” he pointed out.
Mr. da Silva said the FAO will be undertaking a comprehensive and extensive debate with countries, civil society and the private sector and exchanging ideas on the best way to tackle all forms of malnutrition during the regional conference.
“Let me highlight this loud and clear – eradicating hunger must not be our only concern. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Number Two calls for the eradication of all forms of malnutrition,” he noted.
The FAO’s Regional Conference for the LAC is an official biennial forum where Ministers of Agriculture and high-level officials of member nations meet to discuss challenges and priority matters related to food and agriculture as a means of ensuring the promotion of regional coherence on global policies and political issues.
The key agenda items at the four-day conference are eradicating hunger, overweight and obesity; ending rural poverty; promoting climate resilient sustainable agriculture.
Regional Conferences are geared at ensuring the effectiveness of the work of the FAO as well as the definition of its priority areas of work for the next two years.
In addition to Ministers of Agriculture, representatives of regional, intra-regional, international organisations, civil society and the private sector are also hosted as Observers to the sessions.
News Date: March 06 2018
Assistant Director General for the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations Latin America and the Caribbean region, Dr Julio Berdegué, says member states should provide a clear political mandate to guide the organisation's activities over the next biennium.
He noted that the FAO has been focusing on improving the quality of its agreements with the governments; in order that that the organisation's work is “much more closely following the needs that are established by the governments.”
Dr Berdegué was speaking at the FAO's 35th Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) hosted by the Jamaican government in Montego Bay.
“I do hope that the ministers will give us a very clear mandate to focus our work on certain critical issues. We need a political mandate in order to really focus our energy in getting results which have large-scale impacts. That means much more intelligent targeting, focusing of our work on those very specific issues,” Dr Berdegué said.
“We are asking the ministers and we are asking the member countries to give us a sharper agenda, but with perhaps fewer issues that we can concentrate our resources and capacities and with them, try to make a difference,” he added.
The FAO's Regional Conference for the LAC is an official biennial forum where Ministers of Agriculture and high-level officials of member nations meet to discuss challenges and priority matters related to food and agriculture as a means of ensuring the promotion of regional coherence on global policies and political issues.
Throughout the week, the sessions will be chaired by Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, Donovan Stanberry, and Minister Karl Samuda.
Dr Berdegué said the conference provides an opportunity for the governments of member states to discuss solutions to assist some countries in the region, which had regressed in the area of reduction of hunger and malnutrition.
“We need to reverse these numbers; we have done it before. We did very well in the past 20 years in terms of reducing hunger and malnutrition in the region and in most countries individually. We just need to know why this is happening and what are the steps that we need to take, to come back on track,” he said.
News Date: March 05 2018
The Barbados-based Caribbean Drought and Precipitation Monitoring Network (CDPMN) says while there is little concern over drought for the majority of the Caribbean until the end of the dry season in May 2018, at least Antigua and Barbuda and the Cayman Islands should closely monitor their water resources.
In its latest bulletin, the CDPMN said that St Maarten, Cuba and the ABC islands — Aruba, Curaçao, and Bonaire — should monitor the water resources “in case of short-term drought that can impact agriculture, and small catchments and rivers.
“Water resources should also be monitored in Antigua in case of longer-term drought that can affect both reservoir and ground water resources. There is also greater possibility for even more severe impacts in the ABC islands, particularly related to long term drought,” it said.
In its March bulletin released Monday, the CDPMN said that normal to above normal rainfall was experienced across the eastern Caribbean island chain for January, while Trinidad was normal to moderately wet; Tobago and Dominica very to extremely wet and Grenada very wet.
CDPMN said that Barbados, St Kitts, St Thomas were moderately wet, while St Lucia, Guadeloupe, Antigua and St Maarten normal; and the French island of Martinique slight to moderately wet.
“Most of Jamaica was moderately wet with the western extreme very to extremely wet, while Grand Cayman was normal. Conditions in Cuba ranged from normal in the west to exceptionally wet in the east. Belize was moderately wet in central areas to normal to the north and south,” the CDPMN noted.
Regarding drought situation, the CDPMN notes that the current situation shows that western parts of Puerto Rico and Southern Haiti are under long-term drought, while short-term drought is seen in north west Guyana.
It said most of the Caribbean has received ample rainfall in 2017 and no large deficits have built up since, but shorter term drought might possibly develop in ABC Islands, Cayman, West Cuba, St Maarten and long term drought is evolving in ABC Islands and southern Haiti and might possibly develop in Antigua, northern and south-eastern Belize and St Marten.
News Date: March 05 2018
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) have signed a Framework Cooperation Agreement for the Bank to approve a grant of US$1.2 million for the FAO to implement a cassava project in Dominica, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago.
Titled: ‘Cassava Industry – Market Assessment and Technology Validation and Dissemination’, the project is to facilitate the testing of improved cassava varieties and production systems, and conduct market assessments.
The results will be used to provide guidance to member countries on the viability of commercial cassava production as a suitable substitute for wheat in the production of composite breads, traditional and new products.
The signing ceremony took place today (March 5) on the opening day of the 35th staging of the FAO’s Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean, being held at the Montego Bay Convention Centre, in St. James.
The agreement will also allow the FAO to provide better technical assistance in projects in which the CDB is providing finance, allow the FAO to directly execute projects with funds from the CDB, and for both organisations to provide joint assistance to countries of common membership.
Speaking at the signing, FAO Sub-regional Director (ad interim), Dr. Lystra Fletcher-Paul, said the initiative is one of many in the Caribbean, aimed at reducing the growing food import bill which currently stands at US$5 billion per annum.
Dr. Fletcher-Paul further noted that more than 40 per cent of the food imports in the Caribbean comprise products that are high in processed carbohydrates, sugar, fats and salt.
“The consumption of these foods is linked to the prevalence of overweight and obesity and, by extension, the high incidents of chronic non-communicable diseases, the leading cause of deaths in the region,” she said.
She explained that the agreement facilitates the ease of action for the FAO to implement immediate systems to substitute wheat with cassava.
“This is particularly important because of the increase in malnutrition in the region. If we hope to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 2, which is to eradicate hunger by 2030, we must reverse the trends of poor nutrition,” she added.
Director of Projects at the CDB, Mr. Daniel Best, said his organisation welcomes this new framework agreement, which will broaden and strengthen collaboration between the Bank and the FAO.
Mr. Best noted that through the agreement, “we have a streamlined modality within which we can partner with FAO to provide technical assistance to projects financed by the Bank.”
The agreement also includes a new feature which will allow member countries to directly engage the FAO with loan or grant funds provided by the CDB.
Mr. Best said the CDB is optimistic that the agreement will facilitate quick turnover time needed to finalise agreements between the FAO and CDB.
“The future looks bright for the partnership between the CDB and the FAO. We look forward to the opportunities that this new agreement will create, and wish to thank all involved for making this milestone possible,” he said.
News Date: March 01 2018
Ocean Thermal Energy Corporation (OTCQB: CPWR) ("OTE" or "the Company"), a project developer for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) renewable energy plants, announced today that it is planning to actively explore opportunities to combat the intensity and frequency of droughts in the Caribbean with its OTEC technology.
"Drought ranks as the single most common cause of severe food shortages in developing countries, so this is a key issue for Caribbean food security." - Deep Ford, United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization Regional Coordinator in the Caribbean
United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization
Recent reports from the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warn that a change in long-term weather patterns is expected to increase the intensity and frequency of droughts in the Caribbean. The FAO is urging countries of the region to enhance their capabilities to deal with this and other extreme weather-related challenges to ensure food security and hunger eradication. The Caribbean already experiences drought-like events every year, with low water availability often impacting agriculture.
Historic Drought and Disasters
For the last 3 to 5 years, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands have experienced uncommonly dry weather. According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) are in the grip of a historic drought despite extreme rainfall caused by the tenth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record in 2017.
Before Hurricane Maria, Eastern Puerto Rico, eastern parts of St. Thomas and St. John, and the entire islands of Vieques and Culebra, Puerto Rico, and St. Croix, USVI had been without significant rainfall for an extended period of time. In addition to the island-wide severe devastation caused by Hurricane Maria, over 86% of Puerto Rico and the USVI now have a water deficit, and 25% of Puerto Rico is still without electricity or clean water after nearly one year. Only accelerated by the recent devastation, the USDA has designated St. Croix, US Virgin Islands as a "primary natural disaster" area due to damages and losses caused by the drought, only magnified by the infrastructure damage caused by the recent disasters.
Ocean Thermal Energy Corporation (OTE), led by its Chairman and CEO, Jeremy Feakins, who is also a significant investor in OTE, has committed OTE to utilizing the Company's proprietary OTEC technology to combat those conditions in an economical way and without the use of expensive fossil fuels. OTE's technology will provide the rate payers in drought-stricken areas of the world with the highest quality renewable energy services in a safe, consistent, and efficient manner.
Approval from the US Virgin Islands Public Services Commission
After extensive interaction, OTE has received approval (Docket 659) from the US Virgin Islands Public Services Commission (PSC) to build a commercial grade Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) system producing fossil-fuel free energy together with potable and bottled water.
CEO Jeremy Feakins states, "As an entrepreneur, I have always relied on the facts before making an investment or getting involved with a new venture. I got involved with Ocean Thermal Energy Corporation because the facts showed that OTEC technology is ready for commercialization, already operating in a working test plant in Hawaii. OTEC technology can bring relief, a better way of life, and improved health outcomes for millions of people around the world. I believe the future is OTEC."
About OTEC and SWAC
Supporting the efforts for more sustainable living of nations around the world, OTEC and SWAC technologies drastically reduce the output of carbon emissions and produce renewable energy without the use of fossil fuels. This translates to slowing down climate change and cleaning up our atmosphere for a healthier planet for all.
OTEC plants generate renewable energy by "harvesting" the heat in ocean water and using that heat to warm liquids with a low boiling point (such as ammonia) so that steam is produced. The steam is then pressurized so that it can turn a turbine and generate electricity. Cold water then cools the steam and the closed loop cycle continues.
This is the Rankine cycle, and it is as old as the steam engine. OTEC plants are a revolutionary application/use because electricity is continuously created, without the use of any fossil fuels and with little or no negative environmental impact.
About Ocean Thermal Energy Corporation
OTE is a Lancaster, Pennsylvania-based company that designs and develops deep-water hydrothermal clean-energy systems which produce fossil-fuel free electricity through Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), and environmentally friendly cooling through Seawater Air Conditioning (SWAC) without the use of fossil fuels. An important part of the technology is the production of large amounts of water for drinking, aquaculture, agriculture, and economic development.
OTE's technology is ideally suited to tropical and subtropical regions of the world - where about 3 billion people live. It utilizes the natural temperature differential in oceans to generate base-load, 24/7, clean, non-polluting electricity, as well as alternative, energy-efficient cooling systems and fresh water, the latter of which is essential for the entire world, particularly developing communities.
Since the 1970s, OTEC and SWAC systems have been successfully demonstrated and operating in several locations around the world.
For additional information regarding OTE, please visit the company's website at www.otecorporation.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
Except for the historical information contained herein, this press release contains forward-looking statements made pursuant to the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
Investors are cautioned that statements in this press release regarding OTE's plans or expectations constitute forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties that can cause actual results to differ materially from those in such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation: a decision by any of the interested parties to not enter into a definitive power purchase agreement; the inability of the parties to successfully negotiate and enter into a definitive power purchase agreement; the inability of the parties to meet every closing condition contained in such definitive power purchase agreement and the protection and maintenance of OTE's intellectual property rights.
Additional information and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are contained in OTE's periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the heading "Risk Factors." Undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made, and the facts and assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements may change.
Except as required by law, OTE disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect future information, events or circumstances.
News Date: February 28 2018
Minister of Agriculture and Marine Resources, the Hon. Renward Wells says he will take advantage of the knowledge-base of CARICOM Institutions such as the Caribbean Agricultural Research Development Institute (CARDI) and the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) to re-assert The Bahamas as a major player in the region’s agricultural sector, while simultaneously expanding marine exports from The Bahamas.
The latter is of particular significance with regards to possibly developing the area of the harvesting of pelagic species (open water fish such as tuna, deep sea red snapper) in The Bahamas – one Minister Wells says Bahamians have not been interested in pursuing in the past, but one where there is “vast amount of resources in terms of tuna, deep sea red snapper and those type of fish.”
Minister Wells held a number of discussions with regional counterparts and officials of the two CARICOM Institutions while in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, for the 29th Inter-Sessional Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
Established in 1975 by CARICOM Heads of Government to serve the agricultural research and development needs of the then 12-Member Countries within CARICOM, CARDI has provided “sterling contributions” to the growth and development of the agricultural sector of Member Countries of the Caribbean Community.
Launched in 2003, the CRFM promotes and facilitates the responsible utilization of the region's fisheries and other aquatic resources for the economic and social benefits of the people of the region. The CRFM consists of three bodies – the Ministerial Council; the Caribbean Fisheries Forum; and the CRFM Secretariat.
“We are an Executive Member of the Board of CFRM and we share information with them especially in the areas of grouper and lobster harvesting,” Minister Wells said.
“As a new Minister, and someone who is very much interested in expanding our marine exports, I am very much interested in how we go about developing the harvesting of pelagic species. It is an area of fisheries Bahamians have never been really too interested in, but one that our Caribbean partners have been involved (in) and so we are looking as to how we can get them to cooperate with us - giving us the requisite information that they would have experienced over the years and just exploring those opportunities to really grow fisheries in the country.
“No man is an island and even the good book says in the multitude of counsel, there is safety, Minister Wells added.”
Minister Wells says the Government of The Bahamas pays its “fair share” to the two CARICOM Institutions. He said officials at the Ministry of Agriculture and Marine Resources intend to take advantage of this expertise for the benefit of Bahamian farmers and fishermen.
“We are growing as a country on the agricultural side. (However), some of our Caribbean partners are ahead of us in terms of agricultural development and so I want The Bahamas to re-assert itself in that regard for us to grow agriculture.”
Minister Wells says the country pays CARDI $188,000 a year. The Institute has a representative stationed in The Bahamas working along with The Bahamas Agriculture and Marine Science Institute.
“At any point and time we call on CARDI in terms of experiences in chicken growing and harvesting, the entire agricultural spectrum, and so I am looking as to how we can maximize the knowledge-base in the Caribbean in agriculture, to bring a lot of that here to the country, to spread it through BAMSI, to spread it through us working along with the farmers in the country so that we can take agriculture from strength to strength,” Minister Wells added.
News Date: February 28 2018
Caribbean people engaged in the coconut industry will have to adhere to an improved set of guidelines under the CARICOM Regional Organisation for Standards and Quality’s (CROSQ) Coconut Water Standard.
The new guidelines, agreed to at a meeting here on Monday, outlines, among other things, the procedures for the growing, harvesting, and packaging of the product.
The regional standard has been in place since 2010 and the delegates identified six areas that needed attention including food safety evaluation; recognition of testing facility compliance; chain of custody for samples; sampling regime; testing protocols, procedures and sampling; and the testing environment.
This comes in light of concerns about the quality of coconut water sold by retailers across the region, as well as the results of recent independent analyses on samples, which found some issues with the water.
Executive Director of the Trinidad-based Caribbean Agricultural and Research Development Institute (CARDI), Barton Clarke, said it was critical such action be taken if they were to rebuild the coconut industry in the Caribbean which was already seeing “significant investments”.
However, as it relates specifically to Barbados, the CARDI official pointed to the discarding of shells and other coconut-related waste, as the major concern.
Although he did not give a definite timeline as to when the amended CROSQ Coconut Water Standard will be rolled out, Clarke made it clear that local vendors and growers of coconuts had no need to fear.
“There is a CARICOM standard which speaks about hygiene, harvesting, the age of the nuts you select for harvesting, cleaning the equipment…
“The farmer will become aware, working in collaboration with the local Ministries of Health and Agriculture and the Barbados National Standards Institute, of what he needs to do in order to make a sustainable business,” Clarke said, emphasising that success depended heavily on compliance and building capacity within the industry.
The regional meeting on the establishment of standards for coconut water production was organised by CARDI and CROSQ. Barbados is among 11 Caribbean countries engaged in the Coconut Industry Development for the Caribbean Project, the result of a partnership between CARDI and the International Trade Centre. It is funded by the European Union to the tune of four million Euros.
News Date: January 30 2018
Two-thirds of the 33 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have already submitted or are preparing to submit to the United Nations their land degradation goals, to combat a problem that threatens agriculture and the lives of their people.
In 2015, the parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) agreed to combat desertification and restore degraded land and soil, with national goals, which are based on the level of erosion in each country and which aim to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) by 2030.
“What we are doing directly now is to establish a policy of neutral land management. That is, where I degrade, on the other hand I compensate. We cannot continue with these extractive policies in the countries where what is degraded is never given back to the earth,” José Miguel Torrico, the UNCCD coordinator for the region, who is based in Chile, told IPS.
The new commitment, he stressed, is that “What one takes from the earth, one puts back, to maintain its productivity.”
The concept of LDN is defined as “a state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within specified temporal and spatial scales and ecosystems.”
“Today we are in the process of setting targets to achieve land neutrality. This is happening in 22 countries of the region that are actively taking part. Some have already established their goals and others, like Brazil, are at the end of the process of setting them,” Torrico said.
According to figures from UNCCD, there are currently more than two billion hectares of degraded land in the world (an area greater than South America), which have the potential for land rehabilitation and forest restoration. Of that total, 14 percent is within the region.
Sally Bunning, Senior Policy officer of Agricultural Systems, Land and Water of the FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, told IPS that “degraded lands represent more than one-fifth of the forests and agricultural lands of Latin America and the Caribbean.”
“Commercial agriculture is a key driver (of that degradation), especially production of meat, soy and palm oil,” she said at the regional office in Santiago.
The expert explained that “the main areas of farmland that are facing multiple pressures include, but are not limited to, dry lands in northeastern Brazil, areas of agricultural expansion in the area of the Argentine Chaco, central Chile, farmland in southern Mexico, and parts of Cuba and Haiti.”
Bunning explained that desertification “accelerates with overgrazing as well as the growth of demand for meat and other agricultural products such as soy, sugar and cotton worldwide.”
“It is estimated that in Latin America most of the degraded lands were degraded due to deforestation (100 million hectares) and overgrazing (70 million hectares). The increase in international demand encourages farmers and large landowners to deforest in order to extend their agricultural areas and pastures for livestock farming,” she said.
According to the FAO regional official, addressing the problem is crucial “to manage the livestock sector and limit the complete elimination of the original vegetation to replace it with crops.”
“In South America, urgent action is needed in the Gran Chaco, an area that covers four countries: Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, and to a lesser degree Brazil,” Bunning said.
“More than half of the territory in Argentina and Paraguay are affected by problems of desertification presenting a net loss of 325,000 hectares of forest per year in Paraguay, and 45 percent and 43 percent of the loss of forests were respectively caused by the expansion of pastures and the expansion of land for commercial crops in Argentina,” she said.
Torrico recalled, in turn, that several countries “have been hit very hard by climate phenomena. For example, the El Niño phenomenon affected them seriously and there have been very severe droughts in what has to do with the degradation of soils, but also with the effects suffered by the population.”
According to the UNCCD regional coordinator, Latin American small farmers are directly affected because they have less water for their crops and in some extreme cases they are forced to migrate.
He added that desertification is closely associated with migration, noting as an example that 80 to 90 percent of migrants from Africa are a visible effect of desertification.
“The migration of Haitians that Chile is currently experiencing is basically people who come from rural areas where they no longer have any chance to farm. They do not come from cities but from rural areas,” Torrico pointed out as an example of this situation in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Bunning, meanwhile, said that “unequal distribution and lack of access and control of land and its resources can be key factors of poverty, food insecurity and land degradation.”
“In Latin America, conflicts are mainly between landless people and large landowners, and between landless people and indigenous communities,” she explained.
She said that “the key factors of conflicts over land include a combination of inequitable access to and control over land, degradation of natural resources, historical demands and demographic pressures, exacerbated by weak management and political corruption.”
Torrico added that the problem of desertification is also closely associated with climate change.
“It is already clear that rainfall will decrease significantly in sectors of the continent. How do we forecast this? With an early warning system, so we know in advance when we are going to have a drought and, how do we prepare for this?” he asked.
“With efficient water catchment systems, reservoirs, dams and wells. And with better farming techniques, with mechanised irrigation, drip irrigation and more effective crops and better seed quality,” he answered.
Bunning warned that in the region “there are still no programmes to take into account the importance of water management.”
“For me this is one of the most important parts of the problem of degradation. It is not always degradation of the soils, but also the degradation of the capacity to retain water in the soil, to store and reuse water in agriculture, but also to be reused by other users,” she said.
The FAO expert listed solutions for this, such as “localised drip systems and more efficient systems, to also reduce evaporation.”
“There are technologies to use greenhouses, plastic cover in the fields, to pump water using solar panels, to distribute fertilisers in the water and reduce the problems of over-exploitation of fertilisers,” she detailed among the instruments that are at hand.
News Date: January 30 2018
CTA has greatly assisted us in the establishment of this platform through the provision of technical and financial support. This support allowed us to establish a suite of tools, one of which is an e-commerce platform. We started by creating an online directory where businesses throughout the Caribbean can be listed and have their information shared globally. It has profiles for each of the over 400 and growing listings, where members can share detailed information about their firm, its capacity and structure. The e-commerce component, which was incorporated into the directory, is an online shopping platform that allows businesses to sell their products worldwide.
Anyone, anywhere in the world can access the goods sold on the platform. Be it an individual or business, CABA will work with you to become export ready to either sell your branded products through the platform or under our common regional brand. CABA has employed industry leading technical consultants to assist us with the marketing and operation of the website as well as to build awareness around the services that we offer.
Initially we worked with 10 firms, through the ACP-EU TBT programme and CTA partnership, where technical support was provided to these firms to become HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points) certified and organized for them an agribusiness forum to meet potential buyers. Being HACCP certified is key to accessing the export market. This group of 10 firms has now come together to be the initial members of CABEXCO. In January 2017, the board was elected and we will not begin the process of implementing the requisite logistics that will allow us to activate the e-commerce platform.
I learned of the extensive impact of data and its importance in the decision making process, which enforces the direction our www.CABACaribbean.com and www.AgriCarib.org websites have taken to become a central repository for information for agribusiness stakeholders. The event, which was well hosted, also allowed me to network with fellow stakeholders and discuss opportunities for collaboration to advance agribusiness development, utilizing data facilitation as a key pillar in this process. I was also able to meet with Mrs. Marissa Areli, from Women in Business Incorporated (WIBDI), where they have developed the Farm-to-table app with help from CTA, which links farmers to the markets and tourists and the tourists in turn to the farmers. We are now discussing the possibilities of creating a similar version for our website linking agro-processors and other agri-entrepreneurs to various stakeholders.
News Date: January 30 2018
Harrison Memorial High School in Montego Bay started the current academic year with a brand new drip irrigation system that will improve the learning experience for students pursuing agricultural studies in the Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate examinations.
The irrigation system, installed thanks to a grant of $320,000 under the Sandals Foundation Team Member Support Programme, is considered the most efficient irrigation method, mitigating soil erosion and wastage through direct water absorption and preventing run-off.
Winsome Willis, principal of the school, noted that previously, students were only able to participate in the theoretical aspects of farming but with the new irrigation system they will now have the opportunity to carry out practical exercises that will enable effective learning of applied agricultural practices.
According to Sandals Resorts Regional Public Relations Manager Khadine Daley, the team at Sandals Montego Bay was proud to have helped make this project possible by identifying and nominating it to be a part of the Sandals Foundation's annual Team Member Support Programme, which awards US$2,500 per year, per hotel, to a worthy community project.
Adding that the irrigation system will lead to the sale of cash crops and the sustainability of the programme, Daley said, “Through this programme, students will not only get a better sense of farming but also small-business development and management.”
Within two months, the school reaped much benefit from the programme, successfully harvesting peppers, and pak choy and is expected to reap cabbage and tomatoes soon. The students will be responsible for turning over these items into profit which will assist with purchasing seeds, farming equipment and other maintenance fees.
“With the completion of this project, our faculty and students are extremely excited about exploring the prospect of self-sufficiency through agriculture and we are truly grateful to the Sandals Foundation for making this wish of ours possible,” said Willis. She added that Harrison Memorial's more than 250 students will no longer be confined to the classroom but will now be in the field, participating in experimental learning where they will observe and analyse land preparation and the relationship between plants, animals and climate. A total of 67 students will now be able to sit the 2018 Caribbean Examinations Council exams in Agricultural Science.
The project is in its first phase, which was rolled out last year. Phase two involves poultry rearing, while phase three deals with greenhouse production.
Each year, Sandals Foundation invites employees of Sandals and Beaches resorts to submit ideas for projects in their communities which are then reviewed and approved by the foundation's advisory board. The selected projects satisfy the criteria of supporting the mission of the Sandals Foundation to invest in the areas of education, community and environment throughout the Caribbean.
News Date: January 30 2018
With a high food import bill and less foreign exchange in the economy, businesses that export are becoming more important said Gabriel Faria, CEO, T&T Chamber of Industry and Commerce.
“Our food import bill stands in excess of $4 billion which includes a wide array of fresh agricultural produce as well as inputs for our agro processing operations. The reality is in 2016 and 2017 the T&T economy lost $18 billion in foreign exchange due to lower energy prices combined with low production. Businesses that earn foreign exchange through export have become critical to our economy.”
Faria spoke yesterday at a seminar entitled “Insights into Agriculture and Agro-Processing Industry” at the Chamber’s office, Westmoorings.
According to statistics Faria provided, agriculture’s contribution remains very small.
“While there has been talk for years on the issue of food security and reinvigorating agriculture, these conversations have not translated into action. Presently, agriculture contributes to a mere 0.4 percent to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Incentives and financing are available at various stages of the value chain, ranging from land use to production processing.”
Given the “new normal” in the economy, he said that it is important to explore every business opportunity in every sector of the economy.
“We want those outside the sector to recognize that agriculture and agro-processing is an exciting revenue for investment to diversify your portfolio and expand your business.”
Dr. Ronald Ramkissoon who was the moderator for a panel discussion during the seminar, spoke of having the right exchange rate to make the agriculture sector more competitive.
“We have the situation where if it is that I am a farmer, I cannot compete with the imported products and it is simply because of the price, which is related to the import price, which is related to the exchange rate. On the other side if we want to export, are the incentives for exporting sufficient to push us to export? You will get six something, seven something dollars for your one US dollars for exports as opposed to something higher that you can get. Are there things in the wider economy that are preventing agriculture from growing?”
News Date: January 29 2018
On 15 January 2018, I assumed the position of Director General of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) with a clear mandate: to renew the Institute’s leading role as a key player in rural development in the Americas.
The centrality of agricultural matters in the global agenda makes this leading role a natural necessity. It also affords an unbeatable opportunity for IICA and, by extension, its 34 Member States, to fulfill a mobilizing, relevant and constructive role.
Throughout its 75-year history, IICA has sought to preserve its mission to support the efforts undertaken by its member countries to achieve agricultural development and rural well-being. It has provided this support through technical cooperation of excellence.
However, “business as usual” has ceased to be an option in today’s world, which is troubled and besieged by climate change and the deterioration of natural resources. As a result, it is imperative to modify strategies and behaviors in order to increase and improve production. New institutional frameworks for more productive, inclusive and resilient agriculture that includes active participation by youth and women are achievable, and must be the focus of our efforts.
At IICA, we are determined to contribute to abandoning the erroneous notion of agriculture as an extractivist sector that generates primary goods.
This condition is crucial to fully achieving our objectives. We must broaden the limited perception of agriculture as a mere supplier of raw materials for global value chains. Instead, we must undertake our work with a transformative vision that will allow for converting the Americas into a large factory of processed food, bioenergy, probiotics, nutraceuticals and biomaterials.
It is time to view agriculture as a biomass industry and a key player in this new era characterized by a society that aspires to be less dependent on fossil fuels and to implement climate-smart production strategies.
That is precisely what makes agriculture an inseparable part of the solution to the planet’s most pressing problems: the lack of food and nutritional security as well as the population, energy and environmental crises.
The goal, in short, is to contribute to fostering intelligent industrialization using our abundant biological resources, as well as to promote greater sectoral diversity and international competitiveness, increase the number of jobs, and strengthen climate change mitigation, based on science and technology.
Bio-economy largely expresses this transformative vision, which is geared toward fostering sustainable production using, as a foundation, our vast amount of natural resources.
This paradigm shift also means that rural areas must take on a more prominent role and be viewed as hubs for progress that boast new technologies and greater connectivity. In this way, we can overcome the stigma that propagates the idea that rural areas generate poverty and expel human resources.
Supported by a continuously fruitful history, IICA will aim to build a new future for the benefit of stakeholders and institutions that form part of the agrifood systems of the Americas. As it moves ahead toward its one hundredth anniversary, IICA must consolidate itself as a strategic resource at the service of the countries, making substantial contributions to agricultural development. To this end, the Institute’s governing bodies must be updated, in order to generate the conditions needed to foster active participation by the private sector. The Institute must also reinforce its commitment to integration, sub-regional and regional mechanisms, through the development of supranational projects geared toward solving shared problems.
The Institute will serve as a bridge between the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and the Andean Community. It will work closely with Canada, the United States and Mexico, as well as with Mercosur, which, given its productive and technological profile, has great potential to create complementary linkages with both Central America and the Caribbean.
We possess everything we need to undertake this journey. It would be inexcusable to miss this opportunity.
Manuel Otero is the Director General of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA)
News Date: January 26 2018
Eight finalists representing cluster projects from across the region are vying for funding from Compete Caribbean.
An Investment Panel at the Inter-American Development Bank Barbados Country Office recently heard pitches from one finalist from Grenada (Hidden Treasures – North East Cluster), two finalists from Suriname (Promotion and Enhancement of the North Commewijne Tourism Destination and Suriname High Value Natural Products Cluster), two from Belize (Belize Shrimp Bio-security Aquaculture Zone and Enhancing Six Small Tourism Enterprises in Toledo) and three from Jamaica (Digitization of Jamaica’s Outsourcing Industry, Pepper Supply Chain and JBU Grow Castor Bean Project) whose projects span the tourism, agro-processing and service sectors.
To make recommendations on which projects should receive funding, the independent panel of judges evaluated the cluster projects’ potential impact on employment creation, including for women and marginalized groups, and on the generation of revenue and foreign exchange.
Compete Caribbean will grant the selected cluster project(s) 80 per cent of the total budget for the proposed project, to a maximum of US$400,000. The winning cluster(s) must, in turn, contribute a minimum of 20 per cent of the total project cost, half of which can be provided in-kind. Professional consultants will also be available to support the project development process.
Compete Caribbean’s call for cluster project proposals, which closed in November 2017, received 91 applications from 13 Caribbean countries. Forty-one per cent of the proposals were from the agriculture, agro-processing and aquaculture sector; 17 per cent were related to the creative/cultural industry; 17 per cent were related to the tourism sector; and 16 per cent to the service sector.
The Compete Caribbean Partnership Facility (CCPF) is a private sector development program funded by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).
Executive Director of Compete Caribbean, Sylvia Dohnert, said Phase One of the CCPF was successful in creating nearly 12,000 jobs, increasing the revenue of participating firms by 41 per cent and increasing their exports on average by 23 per cent.
Indicating that this prompted the donors to approve a Phase Two, Dohnert noted that in addition to continuing their work with governments and private sector, in this second phase Compete Caribbean will be focused on transferring knowledge to business support organizations (BSOs) of the region.
Accordingly, the Investment Panel was preceded by a two-day regional workshop for Capacity Building of Business Support Organizations, which was attended by 10 BSOs.
That workshop formally marked the start of Compete Caribbean’s Cluster Capacity Building in Small and Vulnerable Countries project, which Dohnert explained “is a project to increase the capacity of these business support organizations to identify very good cluster projects, to develop the strategies for them and to help implement them.”
News Date: January 25 2018
Jamaica Minister of Tourism, Hon. Edmund Bartlett, says his Ministry, through the Tourism Linkages Network, will be spearheading a series of activities to help increase local consumption of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee in the tourism sector, while also finding strategic ways to decrease the high-level of coffee imports to the island.
The Minister revealed that the first major activity by the Linkages Network, to directly assist the coffee industry, is the Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Festival which is scheduled to take place from March 23 to 25, 2018 in Newcastle St. Andrew.
The festival will feature workshops for coffee farmers, exhibitor booths, food demonstration, a barista completion and opportunities to purchase coffee products. It also targets coffee connoisseurs, investors and suppliers from regional and international markets – including Cayman, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, USA, Europe, and Canada.
Speaking at the launch of the inaugural Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Festival at the Jamaica Pegasus Hotel on January 23, the Minister shared that “a core part of the strategy is to ensure that more earnings from the industry are retained locally to aid in increasing the production of coffee. Not only do festivals attract visitors, thus stimulating tourism, but they also promote growth and create more business opportunities for people in the communities.”
Following the successful launch of the Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Festival at the Jamaica Pegasus Hotel on January 23, 2018, Jamaica Minister of Tourism, Hon. Edmund Bartlett (center) enjoys a cup of coffee with (from left) Chairman of the Jamaica Coffee Exporters Association, Norman Grant; General Manager of the Jamaica Standard products Company, John Minott; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Tourism, Jennifer Griffith; Member of Parliament for St. Andrew East Rural, the Most Honorable Juliet Holness; Chairman of the Ministry of Tourism’s Gastronomy Network, Nicola Madden-Grieg; and CEO of the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA), Peter Thompson. During the launch, Minister Bartlett announced that the Tourism Linkages Network will be spearheading a series of activities to help increase local consumption of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee in the tourism sector, while also finding strategic ways to decrease the high-level of coffee imports to the island.
The festival will also feature the coordination of an Incoming Buyer Mission through the Jamaica Promotions Corporation (JAMPRO) that will provide local producers of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee access to new and existing markets. This will act as an industry specific platform for setting up business matchmaking appointments between coffee buyers, processors and exporters.
The Minister also disclosed that his Ministry has partnered with the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries and the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) to bolster their efforts, as well as to create economic opportunities for farmers in the tourism sector by providing bigger markets to their products.
Later this year, the Tourism Linkages Network is expected to introduce a series of initiatives to equip local farmers to meet the needs of the tourism sector and by extension reduce the imports of key goods. This includes an Entrepreneurial Training and Coaching Program to help farmers to better understand the industry, allowing them to tailor production, distribution and logistics to match the requirements of businesses in the sector.
“We are putting in the architecture to ensure that people and communities across Jamaica benefit from the approximately US$3 billion that we are earning from the tourism industry annually. The Tourism Linkages Network must therefore ensure that we do all we can to plug the leakages that currently exist. We must offer support to our farmers and increase consumption of our locally manufactured products in the tourism industry,” said Minister Bartlett.
News Date: January 25 2018
There’s a new buzz in Guyana, which could help the government attain its development goals, and may boost entrepreneurship.
Known in the agricultural sector for its sugar and rice, the government of Guyana, with support from the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), is aiming to add honey to the list, and in the process, provide a sustainable pathway out of poverty for Guyanese.
Having wrapped up five days of training at the end of 2017, 25 new beekeepers have charged into the New Year eager about their prospects; some of them youths launching businesses for the first time, some women excited about the financial independence the industry can bring.
“I’ve always wanted to pursue an avenue that can help to supplement my family income, but was constrained by the lack of jobs in the area, having children to look after and not having a skill I can utilise at home to earn,” said Sharon Butts, an unemployed stay-at-home mother who participated in the workshop. The course opened her eyes, she said, to the fact that she can use land resources her family already possesses to earn an income. Now she has big plans for using her new skill, including establishing a small apiary.
“I will also work along with others who trained from my area to start a small beekeeping group and a honey house to be used for processing,” she said. “It is my dream to grow from a small apiary to one my family and I can eventually develop and pass on for generations to come.”
But why honey? Guyana’s apicultural industry is currently producing 11,300 gallons of the golden nectar annually, and by-products such as bees’ wax, pollen and royal jelly also contribute to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Demand is, however, greater than supply and Guyana imports over 4,000 gallons from markets such as Jamaica and the United States each year to make up the shortfall.
Imported honey is expensive, retailing at almost USD$1 more than locally produced bottles. The solution, say officials, is to train more beekeepers.
“After eight years of growth, commodity prices collapsed for our major exports. But agriculture and natural resources remain significant sources of economic activity, and we are seeking alternative exports, honey being one, that not only grow GDP, but also adhere to our country’s Low Carbon Development Strategy, which promotes the vision of producing economic development while addressing climate change,” said Eusi Evelyn, Caribbean Technological Consultancy Services (CTCS) network project liaison officer, GCCI, Guyana.
The project aligns with CDB’s commitment to enhancing the managerial, technical and operational capacity of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the bank’s borrowing member countries. CTCS-funded the workshop, which targeted vulnerable groups at risk for lower participation in available economic activities, including Amerindian communities, youth, women and people with disabilities.
“The technical assistance support CTCS provided is particularly worthwhile, given that beekeeping can be undertaken by the landless, requires limited infrastructure, and is an attractive venture for unemployed people,” said Lisa Harding, MSME coordinator, Technical Cooperation Division, CDB.
“There is also great nutritional value in beehive products, and the potential for sustaining biodiversity, resulting in environmental stability is far-reaching,” she said. “The training activities will also position some MSMEs to transition from small-scale operations to large volume production, and take advantage of export opportunities when they arise.”
CTCS facilitates the transfer of knowledge and skills within the private sector by linking people who have business and technical experience with businesses that need consulting advice and assistance. Some technical and marketing skills required for managing an apiary, and taught during the sessions, included fundamentals of starting an apiary, types of bee hives, conditions under which honey bee colonies thrive, harvesting techniques and packaging and labeling techniques.
News Date: January 08 2018
CTA has recently interviewed Marissa Areli, Senior Data Officer at Women in Business Development Incorporated (WIBDI). WIBDI is dedicated to strengthening Samoan village economies and promote fair trade. Marissa Areli joined WIBDI in July 2015. Her work involves transferring farmer information, such as type of production, income status and village name into online reports, to help connect farmers to the market and tourists to the farmers.
Each field officer had a box of paperwork with specific files, which they would fill in manually and then enter the data on to the computer system. Then we introduced our tablet app, on which we have compiled all the different forms needed by the field officers to collect the data. Moving from a paper-based data collecting system to one that it electronic has had a really positive impact. We are getting accurate information, and at a faster rate. The data is stored in our Excel database and from there, is published online. It is open source data so we share the information with ministries or other organisations known to help small-scale farmers.
We have eight field officers and the workload is high because we have registered almost 2,000 farmers and 700 organically certified farmers. These farmers are visited every year, which is not easy because unlike in Europe and other places, there are no street names or house numbers to find the farms. With the paper-based system, we used to have to stop several times just to ask for the directions. Now, thanks to CTA, we have a GPS system that gives the desired farm location.
Our application was predominantly funded by CTA so without them, there would be no technology. To see the faces of our farmers when we bring the digital device out into the farms is overwhelming. They ask, “Can we have a look at it? Can we touch it? Can we play around with it?” All these small impacts are so big in reality for the farmers.
Our Farm to Table app connects the farmers to the market, the market to the tourists and the tourists to the farmers. The main idea is to ensure farmers’ products actually reach the hotels and restaurants, as opposed to being used for home consumption. Therefore when tourists first arrive in Samoa, we introduce them to the app at their hotel or at the airport, and through it, they can chose where to dine or where to purchase organic products supplied by the local farmers. The tourists are told the background of the farmers providing the products to the restaurants, which delivers a very different experience.
WIBDI works with 13 Regional partners in the Pacific and one of our main successful projects is with the Solomon Islands, where we work with an isolated island on the western province called Simbo. Our work with the community of Simbo started in 2012. WIBDI staff were introduced to the project and have travelled to Solomon Islands particularly to be in Simbo from year after year to train, to nurture, to build the village community's capacity in the production of virgin coconut oil, handicraft carving and printing of materials using their own designs, as well as sharing our expertise with the local community to empower women, men and children in their roles within the community. Following WIBDI’s introduction and providing capacity building to Simbo, the whole community became empowered and took control of everything that matters in developing their small island, and being able to gain organic certification in 2017 after its first organic international audit conducted by the NASAA inspector from Australia. Simbo has become the first Island on Solomon islands to become organically certified through third party certification after WIBDI introduced Organic farming practices, production processing, marketing access capabilities and introduction to new range of products. The women’s committee have established their own Organisation to manage the facilitation with markets and certifying agents and take control of the processes post project funds. This is a very important milestone for the whole community of Simbo.
The workshop was very interactive and everything we talked about related to the work I am doing back home. The data we are collecting has a voice, it is not just a bunch of numbers and words. And it is not just Samoa that needs data, but the whole world – everything we do is information-related. The workshop was also a learning experience for me because my background is not really data related!
News Date: January 12 2018
For centuries, smallholder farmers have had to rely on local or indigenous knowledge (IK) to conserve the environment and maintain their livelihoods. As a result, rural communities have learnt to read nature’s early warning signs of impending disasters and have developed a strong understanding of different disaster prevention and mitigation techniques from their past experiences. The wealth of knowledge built up over time, as these communities have encountered the effects of climate uncertainty in their daily lives, is a valuable resource for development practitioners and decision- makers. In recent years, IK has increasingly become recognised as integral to the formulation of effective climate adaptation strategies.
The extensive information provided in this publication is split into 15 chapters, which examine case studies from across Africa on the different uses of IK for seasonal predictions of local climates, and the use of IK practices for climate change adaptation. These predictions are based on IK practices using several indicators including tree phenology, animal behaviour and astronomical observations, and facilitate the decision-making of local communities to manage and adapt to climate risks. However, as climate change impacts the reliability of some of these indicators, such as tree phenology, it is important that farmers are supported to integrate their knowledge with scientific seasonal forecasting to enable them to make fully informed decisions. The current threats to IK and the policies and actions that could help to conserve it, are examined by the case study authors, as well as ways to encourage the co-creation of climate knowledge by rural communities and development practitioners. “At CTA, in addition to helping carry out development programmes in the field, we also encourage farmer innovation and the co-creation of knowledge, which we want to make more accessible. So this book was born out of these concerns,” Dr Ajayi explained at the launch.
Indigenous knowledge is still relevant in contemporary situations
The book has also sought to respond to a number of key questions about the different IK practices that are still used by smallholder farmers to manage climate change in Africa and assessing the extent to which this knowledge is still relevant and useful in contemporary situations. With a good understanding of IK, policymakers and development practitioners can integrate this valuable knowledge with scientific research to instigate development initiatives that are environmentally and socially appropriate to the local area, and therefore more sustainable in the long term.
The chapters cover a range of topics from Using indigenous knowledge for seasonal quality prediction in managing climate risk in sub-Saharan Africa to The challenges of documentation and conservation of indigenous knowledge for natural resources management. As CTA director, Michael Hailu, asserts in the foreword, “The present book represents CTA’s commitment to highlighting the contribution of IK to building climate resilience.” To this end, the case studies described under the various headings ultimately demonstrate the clear benefits of supporting the participation of local people at all stages of an intervention intended to improve the lives of rural communities in Africa.
To conclude the authors discuss The future of indigenous knowledge systems and climate sciences, suggesting that IK will play a prominent role in climate science and facilitating the adaptation of smallholder farmers to climate variability. In fact, Dr Ajayi and Professor Mafongoya assess that IK is already seen as pivotal in various development fields, including agroforestry, biodiversity conservation and natural resource management. To expand the use of this valuable knowledge resource to its full potential the publication makes several recommendations, including the documentation of IK systems in databases to prevent any further loss of information; the introduction of laws to safeguard the intellectual property rights of indigenous people; the incorporation of IK systems into national policy and development documents; the integration of IK with modern scientific knowledge; and the public popularisation of IK by teaching it in schools, colleges and universities, among other advocacy activities.
The book is an essential read for all those who are involved in planning climate change projects in Africa, policy makers and those who wish to pursue further studies in this exciting field.
---> To download a copy of Indigenous knowledge systems and climate change management in Africa.
Photo credit: CIF Action ; homepage photo credit: Curt Carnemark - World Bank
News Date: December 18 2017
In the last 5-10 years hundreds of ICT-enabled services have been developed for agriculture allowing, for example, farmers to receive timely and precise information about market prices and the weather, remotely manage their finances and access profitable online markets. These services are key to enabling farmers to increase their productivity and run a sustainable business that can withstand the impacts of climate change. However, to achieve measurable impact, ICT service providers need financial backing in order to carry out the ground work required to scale up. To acquire this early-stage investment, start-ups need to maximise their visibility, which is how CTA’s new Apps4Ag database intends to help. Under development since 2014, the database showcases over 400 online and mobile applications (apps) and services for stakeholders in agricultural value chains.
Apps4Ag is designed to help investors assess the business value of different apps, as well as support development practitioners, extension workers and development organisations find the best technology for their projects. Innovative businesses such as FarmDrive– a Kenya based technology company that uses data and machine learning to give farmers credit scores and help them access loans – and Farmerline – which provides daily voice messages relaying critical farming information to around 100,000 Ghanaian farmers via their mobile phones – are rated on a five-star scale alongside a description of the services they provide.
CTA’s intention in developing the database is that increased recognition of these ICT4Ag apps among investors and development practitioners, in their early stages, will help developers, most of whom are youth, to attract more investment and scale up operations, leading to job creation and employment opportunities within the agricultural sector. It is also expected that the database will help boost information dissemination, knowledge exchange, extension and advisory service delivery, farmer engagement, and market access for agricultural inputs and outputs.
To ensure that the database evolves with the rapidly changing requirements of stakeholders, the platform also offers users an opportunity to provide feedback on how the database can be improved. The changes already planned include improvements to the categorisation of apps so that it is easier for users to search for what they are looking for, and a visual map to show how the apps are distributed geographically. Benjamin Addom, ICT programme coordinator at CTA, explains that the database will also provide ratings from app users themselves, “We want actual users to give their testimony.” The database also acts as a quality control for innovations to avoid duplication of apps with similar functions, says Addom. When a new app is conceptualised and designed, the database can be used as a check prior to a full development.
Growing awareness of the available ICT4Ag technologies is crucial to broadening their use among target beneficiaries. By enhancing the visibility of apps in the business community to help them source investment, the Apps4Ag database provides a springboard from which developers can widen the reach of their services. “For us, having a place where someone with a business mind-set can go and look at our app is super-important to give visibility with the right audience,” emphasises Van Jones, co-founder of Hello Tractor, a service featured on the database that enables farmers to hire low-cost tractors via SMS. Most of the young developers do not do much market research before investing their time and other resources into the app development. They use the limited resources, develop and later realised that such an app already exist. Apps4Ag Database can help avoid such duplication and focus on areas of the value chain with less app such as postharvest loss management.
News Date: January 31 2017
Fish-farming company Algix Jamaica is leading a resurgence of aquaculture in Jamaica and is exploring a plan to get most of the more than 2,000 acres of deserted fish ponds in Jamaica back in operation to expand its production capacity as it prepares to tap into the lucrative global fish market.
Algix is the first company to produce the basa (pangasius hypophthalmus) fish in Jamaica, which is bred along with the tilapia (red hybrid) in approximately 120 acres of water at its 300 acres Barton Isle, St Elizabeth, property.
About 60 per cent of the ponds are dominated by tilapia production, with about 50,000 to 70,000 kilograms produced for the domestic market monthly. However, this is expected to be reversed as soon as Algix begins to export its new product, which, at full production, should realise about 150,000 kilograms monthly in the short term.
According to Raldane Reynolds, procurement and logistics manager at Algix, the company is targeting the Indian, Brazilian, European, and North American markets and will be contracting fish farmers to increase their production.
"We have set our sights on these markets. The potential is endless. the global fish market is big-money business," he said during his presentation at the launch of their new product recently. "Basa has become so popular. the last time we checked in 2013, it was the sixth most consumed fish on the planet.
"India alone imports 5,000 tonnes monthly, or US$13 million, of this product, and our neighbours, the United States, imports US$1 billion worth of basa annually," he continued. "The basa didn't just bring variety to our dinner tables, but also a new economic opportunity for our farmers."
Lower Production Costs
Added Reynolds: "The Pangasius has significantly lower production costs, requires no aeration whatsoever, and allows farmers to increase harvest yields by 5,000 per cent more (than the tilapia), to be precise, without having to dig additional ponds."
Reynolds continued: "With full government support, Jamaica stands to be the envy of the global basa industry. We have a product the entire world wants, and we will be the best at producing it."
The Reynolds family-led firm acquired Aquaculture Jamaica in 2014 and has so far pumped approximately US$300 million into its operations. Some 90 persons are currently employed there.
A native of Asia, the basa is one of the most consumed fish globally and was being imported to Jamaica for decades until Algix farm, led by managing director and aquaculturist Maurice Reynolds, decided to explore the possibility of breeding it locally.
During his address, state minister in the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries JC Hutchinson challenged fish farmers to see aquaculture as big business.
"No longer can we see fish breeding as just a hobby. this is big business as is being demonstrated by Algix," he said.
News Date: January 26 2017
PUNTA CANA, Dominican Republic (CMC) — Head of the United Nations Food and Agricultural agency (FAO) José Graziano da Silva says Latin America and the Caribbean could become the first developing region to completely eradicate hunger, with continued and strengthened implementation of a regional food security plan.
“This region has all the necessary conditions to achieve this, starting with the great political commitment that sustains the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication Plan,” the Director General said.
“The plan represents the crystallisation of governments’ political will to eradicate hunger before 2025 (five years ahead the target set in the Sustainable Development Goals).”
Approved by CELAC in 2015, the UN said the plan promotes comprehensive public policies to reduce poverty, improve rural conditions, adapt agriculture to climate change, end food waste and mitigate disaster risks.
A key element of the plan is that it not only focuses on addressing hunger but also obesity, which affects about 140 million people in the region, the UN said.
According to the FAO, the plan is also fully in line level global commitments, including the Paris Agreement on climate change and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The FAO head also underscored the threats posed by climate change, “which has the potential to reverse the gains made in the fight against hunger and extreme poverty in the region.
“Agriculture is the sector most affected by climate change and its main victims are small family farmers, men and women, many of whom struggle daily for their survival,” da Silva noted.
Together with CELAC, the UN said FAO is developing a plan of action for family agriculture and rural territorial development that promotes sustainable intensification of production, public procurement and food supply systems, rural services and greater opportunities for rural youth.
FAO has also supported the countries of the region to draw up a Regional Strategy for Disaster Risk Management for Agriculture and Food Security, which promotes resilience and adaptation of farmers through sustainable farming techniques and resource management, according to the UN.
News Date: January 26 2017
The East Lansing school announced this week that the US Agency for International Development (USAID) focused on producing beans for food and household income in Haiti. Researchers are working to have 6,000 Haitian farmers in the Southwest receive high yielding bean varieties.
The operation is called "Mwen Gen Pwa" (I Have Beans).
USAID contacted Michigan State University because of its expertise on beans adapted to Central America and the Caribbean. The East Lansing school has also been approached for its long-term work with the Haitian National Seed Service (SNS) and the distribution of bean seeds.
Michigan State University will use a federal grant of approximately $2 million to help the South-West of Haiti to restore its agricultural production after the passage of Hurricane Matthew last October.
News Date: January 20 2017
Countries should promote the sustainable production of fresh, safe and nutritious foods to counter overweight and obesity, which have greatly increased, especially among women and children, in Latin America and the Caribbean. Photo: FAO
NEW YORK, USA -- Obesity and overweight are on the rise throughout the Caribbean and Latin America, and are prevalent particularly among women and children, according to a new United Nations-backed report.
Nearly 360 million people, or 58 percent of the inhabitants of the region, are overweight with the highest rates observed in The Bahamas at 69 per cent, Mexico at 64 percent and Chile at 63 percent, according to a news release on the Panorama of Food and Nutrition Security in Latin America and the Caribbean report, compiled by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
“The alarming rates of overweight and obesity in Latin America and the Caribbean should act as a wake-up call to governments in the region to introduce policies that address all forms of hunger and malnutrition and to do this by linking food security, sustainability, agriculture, nutrition and health,” said FAO regional representative Eve Crowley.
The report said that overweight affects more than half the population of all countries in the region, except for Haiti at 38.5 per cent, Paraguay at 48.5 per cent and Nicaragua at 49.4 per cent.
The report also noted obesity affects 140 million people, or 23 percent of the region’s population, and that the highest rates are to be found in the Caribbean countries of Barbados at 36 percent, and Trinidad and Tobago and Antigua and Barbuda at around 31 percent each.
The increase in obesity has disproportionately impacted women: in more than 20 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, the rate of female obesity is 10 percentage points higher than that of men.
PAHO’s director Carissa F. Etienne explained: “The region faces a double burden of malnutrition. This needs to be tackled through balanced diets that include fresh, healthy, nutritious and sustainably produced food, as well as addressing the main social factors that determine malnutrition, such as lack of access to healthy food, water and sanitation, education and health services, and social protection programmes, among others.”
Linking agriculture, food, nutrition and health
The FAO/PAHO report points out that one of the main factors contributing to the rise of obesity and overweight has been the change in dietary patterns. Economic growth, increased urbanization, higher average incomes and the integration of the region into international markets have reduced the consumption of traditional preparations and increased consumption of ultra-processed products, a problem that has had greater impact on areas and countries that are net food importers.
To address this situation, FAO and PAHO called for the promotion of healthy and sustainable food systems that link agriculture, food, nutrition and health.
News Date: January 18 2017
Jamaica's meat companies are weighing a resumption of pork exports to Caribbean neighbours, but say it all depends on the reception from government agencies throughout the region and the harmonisation of standards.
Pork exports from Jamaica to Caricom fell off around 15 years ago, industry sources say.
However, a recent "risk analysis done on Jamaica as to whether it is a suitable place from which pork and chicken can be exported to Caricom, is saying 'yes, all systems go', according to corporate affairs manager at Caribbean Broilers Group, Dr Keith Amiel.
Caribbean Broilers operates in the pork market through subsidiary, Copperwood.
The risk analysis done on Jamaica and a few of its neighbours, comes amid a larger push to identify suitable suppliers among Caribbean territories coming out of the recent scares in the poultry industry which lead to suspension of imports from North American territories.
In 2015, the Veterinary Services Division of the Ministry of Agriculture issued a ban on all poultry and poultry products emanating from parts of the United States as well as other regions, arising from an outbreak of avian influenza or bird flu in that country.
"Because of the dangers of avian influenza and the supplies of chicken to different countries being cut off, they looked at where chicken could come from first within Caricom before anywhere else," Amiel said.
He added that the developments in poultry hold the advantages for pork producers. Additionally, industry sources say some Caricom markets are running short on pork, which Jamaica can help to fill.
The risk assessment was undertaken by the Caribbean Agriculture Health and Food Safety, an agency of Caricom.
Trinidad, Barbados, Guyana and Belize were also reviewed with the reports sent to the respective governmental agencies.
"For Jamaica, it says Jamaica has passed the test to be a suitable source of both chicken and pork for the rest of Caricom," Amiel said.
Each assessment will be presented to the Council of Trade and Economic Development (COTED), another arm of Caricom.
"When they endorse it, then the Caribbean would be free to import meats from Jamaica," Amiel said.
The intention is to have "pork in all its various forms - for example: ham, bacon, fresh pork" exported, said the agricultural specialist.
Caribbean Broilers also told Gleaner Business that efforts to restart pork exports were thwarted in the past because of the disparity in phytosanitary requirements across the region.
This is expected to change with the developing arrangements.
News Date: January 12 2017
Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry of Agriculture JC Hutchinson (second right), listens as executive director, Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), Barton Clarke (third right) explains the purpose of a seed extractor, which was among equipment and supplies donated to the Ministry by CARDI. Also pictured (from left) are Permanent Secretary in the Ministry, Donovan Stanberry; and Agricultural Attaché, Delegation of the European Union in Jamaica, Stefano Cilli. (Photo: JIS)
KINGSTON, Jamaica (JIS) — The Government’s thrust to increase production of high-quality seeds for agricultural production has been boosted with the acquisition of equipment and supplies valued at more than J$2.5 million.
The items, which include a seed extractor, germination chamber, forceps and Petri dishes, will be used to bolster the Seed Production Facility of the Bodles Research Station in St Catherine.
They were handed over by the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), during a ceremony at the Hope Gardens offices of the Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries Ministry, in St Andrew, on January 11.
Minister without Portfolio in the ministry, JC Hutchinson, said the donation will assist with the ministry’s clean seed programme, which provides disease-free planting material for farmers.
“The equipment will aid us on our mission to grow and expand the agricultural sector in Jamaica by boosting the seed-producing capacity at the Bodles Research Station,” he said.
Principal Research Director in the Research Development Division of the ministry, Dr Lisa Myers-Morgan, noted that over the years, the division has been facilitating the production of clean planting material, such as pepper, sorrel and pumpkin.
She suggested that this donation could go towards the development of a germ-plasm repository of seeds to supply not only Jamaica but the region as well.
“With further collaboration with CARDI and other stakeholders, it is expected that we will be able to have this facility available to have this repository of clean planting material that can ably support the development of our agricultural sector,” she said.
In the meantime, Agricultural Attaché, Delegation of the European Union (EU) in Jamaica, Stefano Cilli, informed that since April 2013, the EU, through the Agricultural Policy Programme (APP), has spent more than $1.2 billion to improve the management of plant genetic resources in the region.
“Our support is geared towards increasing the capabilities of regional agricultural development organisations to address the development needs of small producers. To this end, this action will contribute to improving the dissemination and the adoption of applied research and appropriate technologies,” he said.
He noted that this project demonstrates Jamaica’s recognition of the importance of plant genetic resources for agriculture, and the need to develop specific policies in order to exploit these resources and make wider use of them for the resilience of agricultural systems, particularly in the context of economic sustainability.
In his remarks, CARDI’s Executive Director Barton Clarke pledged the agency’s continued support to Jamaica’s agricultural sector.
The initiative was funded by the European Union under the APP of the 10th European Development Fund (EDF).
The APP is being executed in the Caribbean by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), in partnership with CARDI and the Caricom Secretariat.
Three areas are targeted: Policy (Caricom Secretariat); Technology, Research and Development (CARDI); and Agribusiness and Market Access (IICA).
The specific objective is to increase the capability of agricultural development organisations of the Caribbean and Pacific regions to address the development needs of smallholder agriculture, with smallholder producers being the main beneficiaries.
The seed facility currently produces hot pepper, pumpkin and sorrel seeds for sale to farmers.
News Date: January 06 2017
BELIZE CITY, Belize -- The Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM), in partnership with the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) has successfully completed the project “Capacity Building of regulatory and industry stakeholders in Aquaculture and Fisheries Health and Food Safety to meet the SPS requirements of international trade”.
The project, which started in September 2016, was funded under the EU’s 10th EDF Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Project and delivered with the help of a team of consultants from Megapesca in Portugal. The aim was to continue to help CARIFORUM countries to improve the safety of fish and fishery products for consumers in national and export markets, and several activities
The project prepared six new manuals to help fish inspectors apply the best international practices to the inspection of fishing vessels, processing establishments and aquaculture facilities. The subjects covered include HACCP, traceability, and for the first time, a compendium of food safety hazards encountered in Caribbean fishery products.
In addition, the project has prepared two manuals for laboratories, on the testing of fishery products to make sure they are safe, and ensuring that laboratory test results are accurate. The manuals will be distributed by the CRFM and will soon be available online, not only in English, but in Spanish, French and Dutch language versions as well.
The project also delivered two weeks of training, based on the manuals, and covering “Food safety in the fishery sector” and “Fishery products laboratory testing”, which were delivered to 30 inspectors and laboratory analysts from 15 CARIFORUM countries and the Caribbean Agricultural Health and Food Safety Agency.
The training took place in St Vincent and the Grenadines, during the period 28th November to 9th December 2016, conducted by four international experts in inspection, control and testing in the fishery sector. The training course covered food safety hazards, best international practices in fish inspection at each stage of the supply chain, controls in aquaculture, and traceability as well as modern approaches to laboratory testing and accreditation.
Particular attention was paid to explaining the sanitary requirements for exporting fishery and aquaculture products to the EU and other developed country markets. Practical work helped the participants to understand the role of rapid and field testing to allow better decisions to be made about the safety of fishery products.
At the end of the course the equipment used, such as water quality test kits and thermometers, was donated to the participants on behalf of their employing authority.
All the training sessions were video recorded and uploaded to the CRFM site, and along with the manuals, these will provide a valuable and lasting training resource for the region.
As well as these two major outputs, the project has also helped the CRFM to develop a set of impact assessment indicators and a methodology, to provide an objective approach to the monitoring of progress in the strengthening of fishery sector sanitary controls.
This suite of indicators is based both on published data and questionnaire surveys of competent authorities and testing laboratories, and the project benchmarked these to December 2016. The results provide a useful snapshot of the current status of the control systems in the region, and future replication of the study will provide a measure of progress made as the region’s governments move forward in building stronger sanitary control systems to improve public health and trade performance related to food in general, and fishery products in particular.
An infographic, which provides an interactive map illustrating the nature and extent of fishery sector sanitary controls applied in the region was also developed and is also available via the CRFM website.
CRFM's project coordinator, Dr Susan Singh-Renton, deputy executive director of the CRFM Secretariat welcomed the successful completion of the project, saying, “Capacity to achieve international standards in safety of fishery products has been a major area of weakness impacting the full realization of economic benefits for fishing industries in CARIFORUM states, particularly the earnings from exports. In this regard, the project's contribution has been a crucial one, through development of two training courses and eight operational manuals suitable for use by food safety laboratory experts and fish product inspectors within the CARIFORUM region. Though the project has ended, the manuals, course video, and impact assessment tools will continue to be useful reference products for all industry stakeholders striving for the same goals in fisheries food safety.”
The fishery sector is important for many countries in the region, as a source of employment, and export revenues. Overall, in 2015, the CARIFORUM countries exported fish worth US$378 million to many countries around the world. Whilst 89% of this is from just five countries (Bahamas, Belize, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago) the fishery sector of many other countries in the region delivers supplies directly to their tourist sector.
The continued economic importance of the fishery revenue therefore depends on making sure that fish meets international sanitary standards, and governments in the region are therefore very interested to ensure that regionally important food safety hazards such a ciguatera and histamine are under control.
News Date: January 05 2017
Port of Spain, January 5, 2017 – Five civil society organisations (CSOs) in Trinidad and Tobago are starting 2017 ready to tackle climate change through raising awareness, advocating for strong policies and action, and implementing practical adaptation projects guided by assessments of what are the key vulnerabilities and priorities for resilience building.
The five CSOs - Caribbean Youth Environment Network Trinidad and Tobago Chapter (CYENTT), Environmental Research Institute Charlotteville (ERIC), Environment Tobago, Fondes Amandes Community Reforestation Project (FACRP), and Turtle Village Trust (TVT) – have been participating in the “Climate ACTT: Action by Civil society in Trinidad and Tobago to build resilience to climate change” project which aimed to build the capacity of five CSOs in Trinidad and Tobago to deliver programmes/projects related to climate change adaptation and resilience. Over the last 16 months, the Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI) implemented and managed this project in collaboration with Conservation International and with support from BHP Billiton Trinidad and Tobago.
The Climate ACTT project wrapped up in December 2016, with a final evaluation workshop to assess results of the project, facilitate sharing of knowledge and experiences among the beneficiary CSOs and catalyse partnerships and new initiatives for climate change adaptation and resilience in Trinidad and Tobago.
Overall the Climate ACTT project was found to be a resounding success at enhancing the capacity of the five CSOs to undertake climate adaptation work. One participant in the final evaluation workshop acknowledged “the sense of something starting as opposed to something ending”. “This was the seed sown for the growth of the big tree” added another participant. All five CSOs felt energised and ready to expand their work on climate change to help to address the impacts that are already being felt in communities throughout Trinidad and Tobago.
Each CSO had participated in training and implemented a practical adaptation project that laid a foundation for exciting avenues of work moving forward. A few highlights were:
At the evaluation workshop, the CSOs also engaged with invited partners from government, international agencies and private sector donors for a highly interactive round of group presentations and “speed dating” to discuss potential future areas of collaboration. Responses from the invited partners included “smitten” and “very proud”, and before leaving they urged the participating CSOs to be proactive in initiating their “second dates” to discuss specific opportunities for collaboration on climate adaptation initiatives moving forward.
About Climate ACTT: See here for more info on the Climate ACTT project: http://www.canari.org/climateactt
About CANARI: The Caribbean Natural Resources Institute is a regional technical non-profit organisation which has been working in the islands of the Caribbean for more than 25 years. Our mission is to promote equitable participation and effective collaboration in managing natural resources critical to development. Our programmes focus on research, sharing and dissemination of lessons learned, capacity building and fostering regional partnerships.
News Date: December 30 2016
Jamaican chemical company Ag-Chem is making good on its promise to displace Chinese imports of agricultural chemicals and fertilisers in the Trinidadian and Eastern Caribbean markets.
Ag-Chem was acquired by the Joe Pires-led Trinidadian outfit Caribbean Chemicals in January 2015, but full takeover and unveiling did not happen until July 2015.
General Manager Graham Dunkley says even while the takeover process trundled along, his company wasted no time in tapping into the lucrative Trinidad market, "It took a lot of work and considerable time but we have managed to be reasonably competitive to the Chinese imports," Dunkley told the Financial Gleaner, emphasising that Ag-Chem is not done as yet.
"In April, or thereabouts, we did our first exports to Trinidad and we've been consistently exporting products that we manufacture here in Jamaica to that market. We are completing registration now to enter the Guyana market, and we continue to watch what is happening in Suriname and see what possibilities there are," Dunkley said.
Exports above expectations
The general manager would not comment directly on the value or volume of exports, but said the new deals pushed the company to levels that were above expectations.
"Our exports to new markets helped move our overall exports to 6.1 per cent of sales, approximately 65 times the target," Dunkley said.
He said the company has managed to best the Chinese imports simply because it is closer to the market.
"One of the advantages we have is the time it takes for us to get an order and fill it in the receiving country. It addition, we can boast of consistent quality and reliability," Dunkley said.
He revealed that so far, Ag-Chem has been primarily concerned with the herbicide lines. Dunkley notes that they are now looking at insecticides and towards the third quarter of 2017, they should have a lot more to talk about.
Joe Pires had earlier vowed to break into the Trinidad market, citing the fact that the value of fertiliser imports stood at US$3.5 million.
Meanwhile, in the Jamaican market, the chemical company has had to adjust its strategy and shift the business model. Ag-Chem was formerly the farm chemicals division of the Lascelles deMercado Group, which was acquired by Italian firm Gruppo Campari in 2014. The spirits company wasted little time in making it clear that they would be hiving off all the divisions that were non-core business. Federated Pharmaceuticals and Ag-Chem were among those divested.
Dunkley is therefore pointing to the post-acquisition period as a time for adjustment and coming to grips with new realities.
"We consider 2015-2016 to be an abnormal year because of several factors. Ag-Chem took over operations in mid-July 2015 and immediately faced several challenges such as insufficient inventory, supply chain disruptions, a rapid decline in the Jamaican sugar cane sector, continuing effects of the drought of 2015, and severe fallout in the export market," he said.
Focus on small farmers
Ag-Chem was used to dealing with larger agricultural holdings and big sugar cane farmers. Dunkley said the new dispensation meant a different ball game when it came to getting their products out the door.
"We saw movement away from our larger Ag-Chem product sizes (200 litres and 20 litres) towards smaller sizes (3.8 litres and 1 litre) and this was consistent with our changed route to market, focussing on the small retail stores," he said.
In addition, the 15 agriculture and agro-business qualified representatives were mandated to pound the pavement and trudge the fields to spread the word about their products and effect technology transfer.
"Over the course of the last year, we have directly come into contact with about 7,000 farmers through training events, seminars, field visits, farm visits and the like. In order to transfer technology, you need to interact directly with farmers," Dunkley said.
He is still not giving hard numbers, but says despite the uncertainties of the post-acquisition period, the company "achieved 98 per cent of our sales targets and we closed the year profitably".
He says Ag-Chem has seen where they have made a difference in the lives and livelihood of the farmers that they have interacted with, citing real-life examples where they have intervened and saved the day.
Looking forward to the new year, Dunkley sees good prospects and growth possibilities.
"2017 is looking like a year of opportunity because there is room for growth in agriculture; in production and the productivity of the farmers, and that aligns with what we are about, because that gets us up in the mornings. We have every reason to be optimistic," he said.
News Date: December 29 2016
Eight years since starting an international tree-planting mission, the Trees That Feed Foundation (TFFF) recently planted their 100,000th tree in Haiti, and sees a hopeful light for the country’s agricultural future following the destructive Hurricane Matthew that wrecked most of the country’s southern region, which was also home to ample crops and trees.
The Illinois-based organization began its environmental commitment in Jamaica, then expanded that mission to Haiti and other smaller islands, and has been planting breadfruit trees and assisting farmers in the Caribbean with maintaining and growing their crops. But since the hurricane, the organization has been seeking solutions to assist Haitian farmers with the tools, rather than create dependency often suggested for the country, said a spokesman for the organization.
“Right now Haiti needs a little bit of everything,” said Mike McLaughlin, secretary treasurer of Trees That Feed Foundation. “People are sending clothes and shoes, and we think that’s good, but what we think is better is helping them help themselves and setting up their own businesses.”
Trees That Feed Foundation primarily plants breadfruit trees, but also plant trees that produce cashews, mangoes, ackee, and other highly consumed foods in a given country. But the primary focus is breadfruit, which is turned into flour to make porridges consumed by children at schools and orphanages in Haiti.
Allowing the locals to learn about the agriculture, the process, and planting have fed many Haitian school children and given farmers work oppurtiniies, said McLaughlin. He says they are able to feed people and create entrepreneurship, while also sustaining the pre-existing local businesses as well, which often suffers with constant aid without investment.
“When you keep giving, you interfere with the local business,” he said. “We don’t just plant trees — we give equipment, we create jobs, and educate people about the value of agriculture, and how to understand the world we live in.”
The organization’s overall goal is to plant one million trees, and it is trying to reach that by expanding TFFF into other islands in the region, specifically in Haiti where widespread deforestation due to charcoal dependency has left Haiti’s agricultural industry in a vulnerable stage. But even with the long road ahead, McLaughlin says he is seeing progress and long-term solutions with the growing awareness TFFF emphasizes with their partners.
“It’s happening already but we can’t declare victory yet — that’s why I go back to education because it’s one of the most important things, and once the government starts to realize it, they can help by taking a more organized approach,” he said.
Once trees such as breadfruit, instead of timber trees are planted, it will begin a reduction in tree cutting, and help locals see the necessity in protecting their environment.
Overall the mission of Trees That Feed Foundation is to ensure the preservation of trees, and build a desire to make the world invest more into the environment, rather than more popular ways of aid, said McLaughlin.
“I want people to understand the importance of agriculture, agroforestry, self sufficiency, and other better ways to help, instead of just sending old shoes,” he said. “There are better ways to do it and you shouldn’t have to do giveaways but you should be helping for the long term. We’re in a perfectly good position and we hope to keep it that way.”
News Date: December 21 2016
Port of Spain, December 12, 2016 - CANARI is pleased to announce the addition of four new members of staff; Nicole Brown, Akosua Dardaine Edwards, Natalie Boodram and Dara-Marie Raggay. Nicole and Akosua will be resuming their long-standing relationships with CANARI in their new roles as adjunct Senior Technical Officers, while Natalie and Dara-Marie will be joining us as Senior Technical Officer and Junior Technical Officer respectively.
We look forward to working with Nicole, Akosua, Natalie and Dara-Marie in their new appointments and are confident that they will be major contributors to our future success. Thank you for joining us in welcoming them to our team!
Nicole A. Brown, Adjunct Senior Technical Officer
Nicole has had a long-standing relationship with CANARI. In her current role of Adjunct Senior Technical Officer, she contributes to CANARI’s programme delivery in the areas of biodiversity conservation, monitoring and evaluation, and participatory planning for natural resource management.
Akosua Dardaine Edwards, Adjunct Senior Technical Officer
Akosua has been working with CANARI to develop its Rural Livelihoods programme since 2014, and through CANARI’s Green Economy programme, continues to transform Caribbean economies through the use of small and micro enterprises.
Natalie Boodram, Senior Technical Officer
Forests and rivers give Natalie great joy, thus she is happy to be responsible for the Forests, Livelihoods and Governance programme at CANARI, helping stakeholders protect and manage these critical natural resources.
Dara-Marie A. Raggay, Junior Technical Officer
Dara-Marie provides research and administrative support across multiple programme areas and looks forward to partnering with natural resource users to develop and implement creative, equitable and sustainable solutions.
About CANARI: The Caribbean Natural Resources Institute is a regional technical non-profit organisation which has been working in the islands of the Caribbean for more than 20 years. Our mission is to promote equitable participation and effective collaboration in managing natural resources critical to development. Our programmes focus on research, sharing and dissemination of lessons learned, capacity building and fostering regional partnerships.
News Date: December 21 2016
Executive Director of the Scientific Research Council (SRC), Dr Cliff Riley (right) and Acting Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) Representative in Jamaica, Dionne Clarke-Harris, discuss the process involved in producing disease-free plantlets in the SRC’s Biotechnology (Plant Tissue Culture) Unit.
KINGSTON, Jamaica (JIS) — A new $500,000 water-filtration system is expected to enhance the Scientific Research Council’s (SRC) capacity to produce more disease-free planting material for selected food crops.
The system, which was provided by the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) was handed over during a ceremony at the SRC’s Hope Gardens location in St Andrew yesterday.
It will be used in the SRC’s Biotechnology (Plant Tissue Culture) Unit to produce a higher volume of clean planting material, especially for root and tuber crops such as sweet potato, cassava, yam and dasheen.
Welcoming the donation, Executive Director of the SRC, Dr Cliff Riley, said the system “will impact positively on our reach and span of our tissue culture plant access, which was a limiting factor”.
“Having enough water to produce 18,000 plants per week is significant. We have orders sometimes, where one entity may want about 100,000 clusters, which is about 300,000 plants, so if you can’t provide that water in a timely manner, you have challenges,” he said.
Most importantly, Riley said the new equipment will save the SRC money, noting that the agency has been purchasing water for more than a year, costing up to $200,000 per month.
He added that the Council also appreciates the partnership with CARDI which he said “concretises the efforts of our local scientists, and it completely highlights the commitment of our scientists, as well, in solving our problems”.
Explaining the impact of the new equipment, Research Scientist, Ryan Francis, told JIS News that it will “help us to produce large quantities of plants inside our labs because it produces water that is of good quality that we can use to grow our plants”.
“In the lab, we produce plants in jars and these plants are multiplied over a period so that we can reach the quantities that the small farmer is expecting for purchase,” he further explained.
In her remarks, Acting CARDI Representative in Jamaica, Dionne Clarke-Harris, said the equipment is expected to significantly increase the SRC’s production of plantlets, which is fundamental to increasing farmers’ crop productivity overall.
“We look forward to this expanded capacity having a significant impact on farmer access to high-quality planting material in the short term,” she said.
CARDI acquired the equipment under the European Union-funded Agricultural Policy Programme (APP). The APP is funded under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) and is being executed in the Caribbean by Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), in partnership with CARDI and the CARICOM Secretariat.
The programme targets three areas: Policy (CARICOM Secretariat); Technology, Research and Development (CARDI); and Agribusiness and Market Access (IICA).
The specific objective is to increase the capability of agricultural development organisations of the Caribbean and Pacific regions to address the development needs of smallholder agriculture, with smallholder producers being the main beneficiaries.
News Date: December 14 2016
By Debora Iozzi
Research Associates at the Council on Hemispheric Affairs
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the tightening of the US embargo, the early 1990s saw Cuba facing a severe food crisis and a collapse of more than 30 percent of the island’s GDP. In order to tackle this grave moment, in which Havana’s government was unable to deliver adequate food supplies to the population, Cubans were forced to develop a new method of farming: urban agriculture, hopefully a sustainable way of land exploitation and food production.
Even though it was not the result of a deliberate government policy, but rather an unfortunate consequence of helpless events, the results of this new system led Cuban authorities to adopt specific measures to incentivize its expansion. This effort rendered the island a world leader in sustainable agriculture and its food production system became a model for other countries in the world to follow, especially developing societies that should be guarded against any damaging transformations.
A Model of Sustainable Agriculture Born out of Necessity
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Cuba faced a grave shortage of oil supplies, which cut it off from cheap imports. The island was plunged into what was called the “Special Period in Peacetime”, further hardened by the relentless US embargo. Indeed, in 1996 the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act – also known as the Helms-Burton Act – strengthened the already existing embargo against the island, applying sanctions extraterritorially to foreign firms trading with Cuba.
The lack of fuel, fertilizers, and other farm inputs decreased agricultural productivity. According to statistical data, the per capita food production annual average growth was negative, by -5.1 percent, between 1986 and 1995. Farmers had to switch to predominantly oxen traction because of fuel scarcity. Oil shortages also forced producers to move closer to consumers since fossil fuel-powered transportation was limited.
City dwellers were the first hit by supply shortfalls, and, in order to effectively respond to the food crisis, they started to occupy unproductive state lands to produce their own food. Additionally, ordinary citizens used balconies, backyards, and roof terraces for cultivation and raising livestock. Furthermore, rural farmers, out of necessity, adopted agro-ecological methods due to the lack of oil-based pesticides and fertilizers.
Without having it as a main goal, they started to practice sustainable farming as a way of food production in order to guarantee nutritious and accessible food for everyone while natural resources are managed in a way that maintain ecosystem functions to support current as well as future human needs. This includes a full participation of farmers, pastoralists, and other rural dwellers who might benefit from the economic development.
Sustainable agriculture includes promoting urban farming, which improves food security and favors equitable access to resources, managed in the most efficient way. The Cuban government understood the potential of this spontaneous citizens’ initiative. The government soon started supporting and encouraging urban agriculture through a number of measures, which entailed the revision of property rights, a significant change for the socialist system.
Cuba went through a drastic revision of the work paradigm: it shifted towards a decentralized production model and an acceptance by farmers that they obtained benefits from their own labor. The possibility of gaining from their efforts functioned as a major incentive for workers who had a greater interest in maximizing their production.
The reorganization of agricultural production consisted mainly in converting the large state farms into smaller, more efficient, cooperative farms and distributing land in usufruct to small producers. Farmers had the right to enjoy the use of the soil and take advantage of its products, without necessarily owning the land.
The aim of the Cuban leadership was to improve agricultural production and cut, if not eliminate, food imports into the country. For this reason, it supported the creation of the Department for Urban Agriculture at the Ministry of Agriculture in 1994 and of the National Group for Urban and Sub-urban Agriculture (GNAU) in 1998. The GNAU coordinates and promotes the development of sustainable urban agriculture in Cuba and was charged with encouraging the recycling of nutrients and wastes. It frames guidelines with agro ecological principles and directives for individual production of compost and seeds, local use of resources, and organic plant protection for Cuban producers.
Later in 2008, the newly installed government of Raul Castro adopted Law Decree 259, a land reform targeted at the distribution in usufruct of unproductive parcels. In 2011, Lineamientos, a reform package aimed at modernizing the Cuban economy placed a large emphasis on agricultural production. In 2012, Law Decree 300 provided for the construction of buildings on the usufruct land, and the planting of forests and fruit trees.
The government, moreover, started to work on creating additional commercial possibilities for farmers, providing training and access to agricultural inputs. The promotion of Cuban agriculture had become so important that domestic food production was declared a national security issue.
For full story: Caribbean News Now
News Date: December 12 2016
Vienna, Austria -- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is hosting an expert meeting this week to discuss stepping up efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean to combat the New World Screwworm, a flesh-eating insect pest that remains a threat to livestock despite a successful campaign since the 1970s to suppress it with a nuclear technique in some countries.
Eleven countries are attending the 12-16 December meeting, which has been organized in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The experts will take stock of a project using the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) – a type of insect birth control – to control the screwworm and discuss whether to extend and expand it. The countries taking part in the current three-year project are: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Haiti, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.
Cuba – where the New World Screwworm is present – will also participate in the meeting at IAEA headquarters in Vienna, as will the United States, which has seen a recent outbreak in the state of Florida.
The New World Screwworm is dangerous to warm-blooded animals. Female flies lay eggs in animal wounds and soft tissues, such as the nose, and its larvae burrows through the flesh, leading to infections and a potentially fatal disease called myiasis. The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) classifies myiasis as a transmissible disease of socioeconomic and public health importance.
“The New World Screwworm was once widespread in the Western Hemisphere. But it was eradicated from the United States, Mexico and Central America thanks to a campaign that started in the 1970s using an integrated pest control approach with the SIT,” said Walther Enkerlin, entomologist at the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture. “But it remains present in other countries in the Caribbean and South America. Continued efforts are needed to protect the current screwworm-free areas and to start pest control in other interested Member States.”
The SIT uses radiation to sterilize male insects, which are then released in large numbers to mate with wild females. As they do not produce any offspring, populations decrease over time. SIT offers an environmentally friendly, long-term solution to help countries fight insect pests which are causing health problems and economic damage.
Prior to its eradication in some countries, the economic losses caused by New World Screwworm were estimated at over $1.5 billion per year in the region. A permanent barrier of sterile insects, supported by the United States Department of Agriculture, is maintained over eastern Panama to protect screwworm-free areas. However, it is found in most of South America and in five Caribbean countries.
“The recent New World Screwworm outbreak in the Florida Keys has shown the urgent need to strengthen the surveillance systems and emergency response capacities and eliminate the pest from other areas,” Enkerlin said.
A recent FAO/IAEA-commissioned economic assessment showed that the New World Screwworm had a negative impact on meat and milk production in Cuba and also led to environmental damage due to extensive use of pesticides to suppress the pest.
News Date: December 11 2016
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11, CMC – Delegates attending a major agricultural conference here have called for a regional approach in promoting sustainable agricultural development and trade in the Caribbean.
On Saturday, the Washington-based Institute for Caribbean Studies (ICS) said policy makers, business leaders, academic and agricultural experts from across the Caribbean and the United States “walked away with positive action items and plans for agricultural sector development” following the two-day, high level “Invest Caribbean Agribusiness Forum (ICAF)” on Capitol Hill.
“The event went beyond the usual ‘talk shop to formulate strategies and plans for actions to turn idle hands and idle lands into real, profitable and sustainable opportunities for the Caribbean,” said Jamaican-born Dr. Clare Nelson, ICS president, who co-sponsored the event.
“The forum took note of the fact that agricultural capacity in the Caribbean is a ‘nature given asset,’ which remains relatively underdeveloped, but which holds the key to solve much of the Caribbean’s economic and social woes,” she added.
“That is closing food and job deficits, meeting economic inclusion goals and creating opportunities for sustainable self-sufficiency, which will become more relevant in the approaching era of reduced migration opportunities.
“The participants further molded a vision of the future of agriculture that goes beyond traditional small farmers growing peppers and coffee and cocoa and sugar for export to the notion of creating efficient value chains that benefit from current and future agriculture production market needs and opportunities,” Nelson continued. “Representatives of industry associations from the US signaled the fact that the markets are in need of prescribed quality production of everything the Caribbean can grow.”
Representatives from the Caribbean included Caribbean ambassadors; CARDI; GoInvest (of Guyana); JAMPRO (of Jamaica); and other major food production organization and entities doing innovative business in the Caribbean.
In addition to high level attendance of members of the US Congress – Clarke and her congressional colleagues, Stacey Plaskett and Maxine Waters – Nelson said there were senior level representatives of US government agencies, such as US Trade Representative Office, US Department of State and US Department of Agriculture.
“Agriculture and food production is a most promising economic frontier for boosting Caribbean economies, harnessing wealth, creating sustainable jobs, improving the environment and more,” said Oscar Spencer, ICS vice president during opening remarks on Thursday.
Nelson said industry speakers at the forum highlighted the potential realization of billions of dollars in economic growth and job creation via agriculture future-focused beyond traditional food exports to fiber and textiles, essential oils and natural products, biofuels, organic produce markets domestically and globally, agro-forestry, building products and materials (houses and furniture), among others.
She said delegates addressed the challenge of finding investment partners to activate overlooked opportunities throughout the Caribbean, and implement projects that re-engage people in agriculture, align more closely with US and other export markets, increase agro-processing, and promote the products of the Caribbean as select brands.
News Date: December 08 2016
A new variety of banana will soon be introduced to Dominica. That’s according to representative of the Caribbean Agriculture Research and development Institute (CARDI), Dr. Gregory Robin.
Speaking on Monday at a research results dissemination seminar which formed part of CARDI Day activities, Dr Robin says based on testing the FHIA 23 variety of banana was found to be the most liked in St. Vincent.
Dr. Robin believes that banana is still a crop that generates much interest from both policy makers and the Ministry of Agriculture.
He hopes the research will support an industry that still has a vital role to play in small farmer agriculture and export hence the reason for fine-tuning the project. He hopes that the new crop will be well received in Dominica.
News Date: December 07 2016
6 December 2016, Cancun, Mexico - In an effort to combat the impacts of environmental degradation and promote sustainable agriculture in the face of climate change, FAO this week presented a set ofVoluntary guidelines for agro-environmental policiesmeant to help policy makers in Latin America and the Caribbean in their ongoing work to eradicate hunger and poverty in the region.
The guidelines were introduced at an event on the sidelines of COP 13 - the UN conference on Biodiversity taking place in Cancun, Mexico, December 4-17 - for an audience of ministers and representatives of Latin American and Caribbean countries.
The guidelines will serve as a template for countries to create their own policies to promote sustainable production and consumption patterns, enabling them to transform their agricultural systems, ensure sustainable development and comply with the Paris Climate Agreement.
According to FAO, the transition to a sustainable future requires action on the intersection of economy, society, agriculture and natural ecosystems.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean share common environmental challenges, including the need to adapt agriculture to climate change, conserve biodiversity, manage their water resources and soils, and mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions.
Other participants in the event included Mexico's National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO), the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), the Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) and the NGO Razonatura.
Protecting the resources that support food security
Thirty-seven percent of the surface area of Latin America and the Caribbean is used for agricultural activities, which presents great challenges for sustainable food production and the care of the environment.
According to FAO, the region is experiencing increasing pressure on the natural resources that underpin food production and food security.
The guidelines presented at the COP13 point out that the impacts of environmental degradation and climate change mainly affect the most vulnerable social sectors.
Family farmers, small scale fishermen, smallholder forest producers, indigenous peoples and traditional communities are among those most directly dependent on natural resources for their subsistence and food security.
In Latin America and the Caribbean, family farmers account for 75 percent of total producers -involving some 60 million people - a number that exceeds 90 percent in some countries. These farmers safeguard the environment and the natural resources on which they depend and their work is key for the sector's current and future development.
What are the Voluntary guidelines
The Voluntary guidelines for agro-environmental policies have been prepared through a broad process of consultation between authorities and specialists in the region, with the support of the International Cooperation Program between Brazil and FAO.
The implementation of these guidelines may enhance the potential environmental benefits of agricultural, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture activities, reduce their impacts on ecosystems and improve food availability, as well as food and nutritional security.
The countries of the region, with FAO's support, will promote these voluntary guidelines as a guide to improving policies under an agro-environmental approach that links society, territory, environment and economy in a more integrated and harmonious way.
Policies emerging from these guidelines will be formulated through interaction with different social actors, and seek to promote rural development with a territorial approach, according to principles of conservation and sustainable management of natural resources.
Precious resources under threat
Latin America and the Caribbean accounts for 15 percent of the world's total agricultural land, receives almost 30 percent of precipitation and generates 33 percent of global runoff.
However, the rapid exploitation of minerals, gas, forests and pastures is producing dramatic changes in land use: the region currently accounts for 14 percent of global land degradation, a figure that reaches 26 percent for Mesoamerica.
Although deforestation has declined in recent decades, the region still has the second highest rate in the world, and each year more than two million hectares of forest are lost.
In the last three decades water extraction has doubled in the region at a rate well above the world average, most of which is used in agriculture.
News Date: November 07 2016
Trinidad & Tobago, Port of Spain, November 7, 2016 – One of the Caribbean’s most vulnerable states was once again hit again by the double-barrelled impact of a natural disaster and its intensified effects due to climate change. Hurricane Matthew swept through Haiti on October 4th, leaving over 500 dead and causing vast crop damage, further depleting the food sources of an already impoverished population. The destruction left behind is another reminder in the Caribbean that something needs to be done to protect the Region’s tenuous farming base and food supply systems from climate change and extreme weather events.
“Caribbean countries and their populations are in a position of increased vulnerability to the effects of natural disasters and climate change related events”, states an August 2016 report on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Considerations in Agriculture put out by the Intra-ACP Agricultural Policy Programme (APP).
The third strongest storm on record to make landfall in Haiti tore out grapefruit, banana and avocado trees, damaged important root crops and killed livestock. According to the World Food Program, in the Grand-Anse region nearly 100 percent of crops and 50 percent of livestock were destroyed. Not to mention the fishing industry, which was paralyzed due to material and equipment being washed away. Haitian and international agriculture experts agree that it could be ten years or more before the hardest hit regions of the country can recover from the effects of Hurricane Matthew in the agriculture sector.
Though Hurricane Matthew cannot be directly attributed to climate change, it is very likely to have increased the impact of the hurricane. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCSUSA), hurricanes now cause more damage because of climate change. Sea levels have risen by an average of about eight inches around the globe making storm surges and flooding from hurricanes worse. The UCSUSA also says that climate change creates more rainfall in these catastrophic weather events. Warm air holds moisture, so as the atmosphere warms up, rainfalls have become heavier.
These factors make the area experiencing the rain and storm surge more vulnerable. Combine that with the fact that Haiti is one of the regions most exposed to negative impacts from climate change and extreme weather events, and you have a recipe for immense devastation. With only two percent of its original forests left due to decades of exploitation, the country’s ability to absorb the effects of natural disasters are greatly lessened. And, with limited vegetation, rising sea levels and extreme weather events greatly intensify soil and coastal erosion, resulting in overall ecosystem degradation.
In a recent article on “Support for Climate Change Integration in Haiti’s National Development” the Global Climate Change Alliance noted that these conditions would require building climate change adaptation into Haiti’s development policies, strategies, programmes and projects. The Agricultural Policy Programme (APP) is an agriculture development project funded by the European Union (EU) under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF). They have also identified the need to address climate change and disaster risk management in agricultural planning, not just in Haiti however, but across the entire Caribbean Region.
According to a 2014 study published by the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology & Hydrology (CIMH) “climate change in the Caribbean region is observed in rising temperatures along with trends toward more warm extremes and less cold extremes, as well as strong indications for enhanced heavy precipitation.” These factors and their side-effects are doing significant damage to the Caribbean agriculture industry which is already struggling due to high import competition and limited access to financing and new technology.
As noted in a CIMH presentation on Food Security and Environmental Change, Jamaica lost approximately US $6 million in crops between 1999 and 2000 due to drought. In Guyana, floods were responsible for damages totalling approximately US $78 million in 2005 and 2006. Hurricane Ivan caused Grenada US $40 million in damages where 91% of forests and watersheds were stripped of vegetation and the nutmeg sector was setback by ten years.
Going forward, in addressing the impacts, a 2015 paper published by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture on “Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Cocoa and Tomato”, states that “by 2050, the area of land suitable for growing tomato and other annual crops (in Trinidad) is expected to be reduced by higher temperatures.”
Since it is clear that the climate is changing, the APP has recognized the need to be proactive rather than reactive in their approach to challenges resulting from climate change and natural disasters. As part of their programme they have undertaken initiatives to strengthen the integration of disaster risk management (DRM) and climate change considerations (CCA) into agricultural plans, policies and strategies across CARICOM.
After months of collaboration to create an Audit Instrument, work is now under way, and in some countries complete, to assess the extent to which planning within an agricultural sector integrates disaster risk management, including factors that result from climate change.
The project began with the identification of critical climate change and disaster risk management issues which must be addressed in order for the agriculture sector to become more disaster resilient. From that, ten key pillars for strengthening responses were determined and a tool to assess a country’s readiness to respond was created. After assessments were completed, countries were able to identify gaps in their planning and work to fortify their plans to prepare for and protect and recover from climate change and disaster events.
The analysis, results and gaps identified from these activities “suggest a need for the CARICOM Region to develop and implement agreed priority actions both at the national and regional levels in order to manage the issues of DRM and CCA in Agriculture”, says the APP report, prepared by Dr. Jeremy Collymore. Dr. Collymore also states that there is a “need for more commitment to policy formulation and a commitment to change. The programmatic elements alone will not generate the systematic change necessary to alter a sector trajectory of repeated loss and disruption to farming systems, livelihoods, communities and national economies.”
The people of Haiti were still struggling to recover from the devastating effects of the earthquake in 2010 and a recent drought when Hurricane Matthew hit. Today, there are reports of rising food prices at road-side stands and markets across the country. A disaster risk-management plan for agriculture, which takes into account the inevitable and obvious effects of climate change, wouldn’t stop hurricanes like Matthew but the hope is that they will make Caribbean countries more prepared, and enable a quicker recovery in the wake of such events.
News Date: October 28 2016
A top official of the Caribbean Community’s (Caricom) largest rum producer on Wednesday recommended a raft of steps to help improve the growth and competitiveness of the region’s agricultural sector and overall business innovation.
Managing Director of Demerara Distillers Limited (DDL), Komal Samaroo told the Caribbean Week of Agriculture’s (CWA) Alliance Meeting – Strategies for Attracting Investments into Agriculture that a two-pronged approach towards education is required.
On the one hand, he said the education sector needs to focus on providing practical hands-on exposure to students through work-study stints to help young people cultivate their entrepreneurial skills.
Still on education, Samaroo further called for consumers to educated about the value and importance of healthy food consumption, as part of efforts to stimulate demand and production. “We need to educate the consumers in the region about the policy of healthy lifestyles and eating fresh and the things that we produce here,” he said. “We need to promote the wholesomeness of the food that we produce here in the Caribbean.”
Samaroo- in his presentation traced DDL’s strategic shift away from bulk commodity rum exports to branded bottled rums as well as the production of juices made from locally-grown fruits-further advised that increased demand could be stimulated by separate and differentiate local from foreign products “to make the choice that is in the interest of the wider society.” “I believe that there is a need to find the mechanism to differentiate and separate products that are produced from indigenous agricultural produce so that consumers of the region are empowered to make the choice,” he said.
The Guyanese business executive, who has lived in Canada for 10 years when he promoted premium DDL rums there, also used the opportunity to call on Caricom decision-makers to register trademarks across the trade and economic bloc with a “single registration” like how that is done for 55 countries under the Madrid Treaty.
He said a single trademark registration would help heighten enhance the profile of Caribbean brands to ensure sustainability and success. “We need to make it easy for entrepreneurs to create Caribbean brands and these brands will attract foreign investment as they become more and more successful. They give visibility to opportunities in the agricultural sector,” he told the forum which included Caricom Secretary General , Irwin La Rocque, and top officials of the Food and Agriculture Organisation and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture and the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute.
The DDL boss called on governments to promote cross-marketing of locally food produced food alongside tourism, health and education.
Another recommendation coming from the DDL Managing Director is the fast-tracking of the process of Geographical Indicators to explore the unique aspects of the Caribbean’s history in its products.
Caribbean Week of Agriculture, organized by the Netherlands-based Technical Centre for Rural Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), is being hosted this year by the Cayman Islands.
CTA is financed by the European Union and the 77-nation group of former European colonies in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP).
News Date: October 20 2016
Should Barbados fear economic fallout from the recent drought?
The Caribbean region faces significant challenges in terms of drought. It has focused mainly on floods and storms, and so currently lacks effective governance, human resource capacity, and finance, and has poor national coordination, policymaking, and planning in place to deal effectively with drought issues.
The Caribbean accounts for seven of the world’s top 36 water-stressed countries. Barbados is in the top ten.
Climate change is expected to increase mean temperatures with more warm days and warm nights, with significantly more warming at night.
Annual rainfall is expected to decline by the end of this century, particularly during the wet season. The combined effect of higher temperatures, associated increase in evaporation, and less rainfall means that the Caribbean is likely to experience more intense and frequent droughts.
Recent trends in temperature are consistent with these projections. However, changes in rainfall are less consistent with only weak positive trends in intensity, particularly daily intensity. So the projection of declining rainfall is not yet being experienced.
The alternating wet and dry seasons mean that the region already experiences drought-like events every year, often with low water availability impacting agriculture and water resources, and a significant number of bush fires.
But the Caribbean also experiences intense dry seasons particularly in years with El Niño events. The impacts are usually offset by the next wet season, but wet seasons often end early and dry seasons last longer with the result that annual rainfall is less than expected.
With droughts being more seasonal in nature in the Caribbean, agriculture is the most likely sector to be impacted by drought with serious economic and social consequences.
This is particularly so since the majority of Caribbean agriculture is rain-fed. The agriculture sector responds to the conditions by reduced crop yields, and premature death and low productivity in livestock and poultry.
Even a dry spell of 7-10 days can result in a reduction of yield, depending on crop stage, soil texture and depth, plant health and other environmental conditions. All these factors can influence the livelihoods of farmers.
With irrigation use becoming more widespread in the Caribbean, a country’s fresh water supply becomes increasingly important, along with volume, accessibility and ultimately management.
Policymaking and planning are hindered by weak governance, poor national coordination, lack of capacity, weak coordinated land management, lack of finance, and user conflicts.
However, these can be overcome by strong political will that encourages participation in policy and planning processes by all actors in the social strata from community groups, who determine how resilient systems can be, to the political directorate that provides the enabling environment for sustainable development of water supplies and its efficient use.
A careful study of how these actors interact with the water resources systems can offer key insights into building resilience in the widely varying Caribbean communities and particularly in agricultural systems that would enhance regional food security.
News Date: October 18 2016
The Honourable Prime Minister and Chairman of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Dr. Roosevelt Skerrit, on Friday, outlined a plan of action to be taken by member states in aid of Haiti and the Bahamas.
The Honourable Prime Minister held a press conference on Friday, October 14th, to report on his visit to the two islands following Hurricane Matthew.
At the press conference the CARICOM Chairman revealed that in Haiti two towns in the west were severely affected; Les Cayes and Jeremie.
He also spoke of deaths associated with an outbreak of cholera in Haiti.
“The international and regional health agencies are working on this very diligently to seek to contain the spread of cholera. This is because you would have a double whammy, the hurricane on one side and the suffering it has brought, the several thousands who have been rendered homeless in Haiti,” he said.
The Dominica leader announced CARICOM’s plans in response to this situation.
“From the CARICOM stand point the thinking is that we will focus on education and possibility of repairing a school and to underwrite the expenses of a school feeding programme. We really need to get the children back into school as soon as possible. In addition to that, we have personnel on the ground assisting with the coordination of relief efforts and assisting the Government of Haiti in coordinating its response to the hurricane,” he explained.
He declared that CARICOM member countries will be providing assistance based on the priorities articulated by the government of Haiti.
Honourable Dr. Skerrit already announced that Dominica has committed US $100k to Haiti to assist with its response efforts and to help develop a system that will allow safeguard against future disasters.
Additionally the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute, (CARDI), has been engaged to mobilize seeds and seedlings to Haiti.
The President and Prime Minister of Haiti have indicated that agricultural crops are a major priority since the affected communities were agriculture based.
“We need to ensure that Haiti can get back into agriculture production and to have short term crops which can be ready for cultivation within weeks and in some cases months. This is because you have ensure that Haiti can produce to feed itself,” Prime Minister Skerrit said.
The nation’s leader stated that he has received a positive response to his appeal to the Dominican public to send supplies to Haiti.
“We are now stuffing a 40ft container of items that will be shipped early next week to Les Cayes in Haiti. Les Cayes is one the communities I indicated to you was severely impacted.”
He extended an appeal to churches and church leaders to collect funds and contact the Office of Disaster Management to make donations to Haiti.
Meanwhile in the islands of Grand Bahama and Andros which were severely affected in the Bahamas, the Honourable Prime Minister counts it a miracle that there were no fatalities.
He announced that Dominica has also donated US $100k to the Bahamas as the islands’ Government has a huge task on their hands.
The Hon Prime Minister says he is impressed with the leadership of the Bahamian Prime Minister in response to the significant infrastructural damage caused by the hurricane.
The Prime Minister is calling on all Dominicans to assist these Caribbean countries which have been affected by donating funds and supplies.
News Date: October 17 2016
Twenty-five agriculture industry personnel including exporters, pack-house operators and farmers are set to receive training in post-harvest treatment and handling and packaging of dasheen and other roots and tubers.
This is the second in a series of workshops titled ‘Strengthening the capacity of agro-processors, farmers, and exporters on processing and packaging technology specific to their operations: emphasis on roots and tubers.’
The two-day workshop which began on Wednesday is held at the Dominica Export Import Agency’s (DEXIA) packhouse in Roseau.
The first workshop in this series focused on identifying and recommending suitable packaging materials for agro-products.
This workshop aims to improve the skills and knowledge of key stakeholders in conforming to the commodity standards for dasheen and other roots and tubers.
Representative for the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), Dorian Etienne, said that this workshop is timely because of the complaints made by farmers of the low sale of dasheen and other roots and tubers.
“In context of our food import bill, at the level that it is, there is the urgent need that Dominica has the capacity to produce a portion of the food that is required for domestic consumption and also for export and so strengthening the capacities for agriculture production and processing within an environment that facilitates timely dissemination and effective adoption of appropriate technology is critical to realizing that need,” he said.
Etienne noted that the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and CARDI will continue to collaborate to deliver the expected results of the Agriculture Policy Programme (APP) which is being implemented by IICA and executed by CARDI.
IICA representative, Kent Coipel, explained that the APP has three components; component one deals with policy and strategies and managed by CARIFORUM/CARICOM; component two deals with issue of research and transfer of technology and is managed and implemented by CARDI while component three deals with enterprise development and is managed by IICA.
“The programme is really to strengthen persons involved in agriculture as well as agriculture business itself…we are linking all the components; that is why as much as possible the programmes that we are doing are complimentary to each other.”
This programme is funded under the 10th European Development Fund and is executed through a contribution agreement signed between the European Union and IICA.
Permanent secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, Harold Guiste, said Government is committed to working with farmers to ensure they meet the required post-harvest standards.
“The Ministry is committed to working with DEXIA, Bureau of Standards, the Dominica Hucksters Association and other agencies involved in marketing and sale of dasheen, sweet potatoes and other root crops to ensure that the post-harvest management is done according to prescribed and acceptable standards for consistency and quality,” he said.
Some of the topics to be covered are: commodity standard specifications, post-harvest treatment and post-harvest handling and packaging of dasheen and traceability.
News Date: October 17 2016
GEORGE TOWN, Cayman Islands, Monday October 17, 2016 – Organizers are putting the final touches on preparations for the Caribbean Week of Agriculture (CWA), the region’s premier agriculture event, to be held in the Cayman Islands in exactly a week.
Ten young entrepreneurs will be exhibiting at the Youth Pavilion during the October 24-28 event.
Here’s a look at what some of them are doing:
DUHAJE JENNINGS, OWNER OF DADA B’S.
Duhaje Jennings has been making bees his business for nine years. And his aim is to make his bee production business, Dada B’s, one of the Caribbean’s largest agricultural producer and food manufacturer.
Jennings, whose business has 10 apiary sites, says his mission is to provide value-added agricultural products in response to a growing world-wide demand.
He sees vast potential for expansion both locally and overseas.
“The current strategy is to increase production to take on larger markets,” he says.
Most of the products are sold wholesale to middle men who supply hotels. The remaining products are sold to supermarkets and small shops.
OWNER OF YAPHENE, ANASTASHA ELLIOT.
Anastasha Elliot is owner of Yaphene, a modern apothecary and gourmet boutique. The business makes organic hair and skin care products using natural butters, oils, dried and fresh herbs.
Yaphene also creates fruit and vegetable jams, flavoured hot sauces, loose tea mixes, candles, herbal breads and novelty cakes and gourmet desserts.
Yaphene was created to provide a natural alternative to everyday hair and beauty products. Its vision is to become the premier natural beauty product producers on the island of St. Kitts. Elliot says the business’ mission is to create the most holistic product, integrating local natural herbal remedies.
“We understand that more and more of our people are succumbing to diseases such as cancer, which studies are showing has its roots in many of the products we not only eat but also what we are putting on our skin and in our hair,” she says.
“Our mother once had cancer and she beat it by changing our eating habits, creating the products we use among other herbal remedies and she has been cancer free for over 20 years. With a success story such as that behind us, we have a natural impetus to create and to offer what we create to our people, so they too may be able to live a little greener, healthier…with at least once aspect of their lives as free from chemicals as possible. We are starting out selling locally first and plan to spread out throughout the region over the next years.”
Ibis Beauty Box is a modern, natural botanical skincare line and lifestyle brand that embodies the rich heritage of the Caribbean. The inspiration for Ibis Wellness Inc. stems from the indigenous and local Caribbean flora and the urge to create an extraordinary natural, organic and life style brand.
Allicot says her vision was to create a natural and pure skincare line and accessories that embody the rich heritage of the Caribbean’s traditional beauty and lifestyle regimens, while simultaneously reconnecting people back to nature. She believes this is needed to accomplish total well-being.
“The creation of the skincare line began with my own personal skin battles with eczema as my family and I suffered from the skin condition. The first concoction was formulated by blending natural indigenous herbs in my very own kitchen. The embryonic stage that gave birth to the modern botanical skincare line that exists today,” she says.
The name behind the brand was chosen to pay homage to the scarlet Ibis spotted on a rare occasion in St. Andrew, Barbados. Allicot believes it is a unique bird that exemplifies the magical beauty of the Caribbean and the healing powers the islands have to offer.
Tahomey is a food processing business that sells Haitian cacao and the spices that usually go with it, such as ginger and cinnamon. The business has been in operation for approximately three years.
Tahomey products are made in Abricot, and marketed mainly in Port-Au-Prince, Haiti.
According to owner Jean-Sebastien Duvilaire, the main collaborators in the business are farmers who are assisted in the pre-processing of the cacao. They, in return, to provide their best quality cacao to make the chocolate product.
“As the owner and chief chocolatier, I take responsibility for quality control,” says Duvilaire.
When questioned about plans for sustainability, Duvilaire said the key was in the quality of the product being offered and the way in which the environment is affected.
“Our work contributes to the value chain of cacao in Haiti and also encourages reforestation in our region which represents the first environmental concern in Haiti,” he says.
GRACESON JOHN AND HIS PRODUCTS.
Big G’S Pepper Sauce specializes in flavoured pepper sauces, seasoning sauces and salad dressings. The business started in April 2014, creating and developing more than 21 different innovative and creative flavors of pepper, for example coconut, cinnamon, coffee and turmeric.
Owner Graceson John revealed that the business started to supply supermarkets in January of 2015 and also personal exports in the Caribbean. In the past two years, Big G’S pepper sauce has won numerous awards, namely the Entrepreneur of the Year Award 2015 and the Regional Start Up Entrepreneur Award 2015 in the Youth Business International Regional Awards.
“I choose this business because of my love and passion for cooking and I also major in agriculture science at the Dominica State College…I have also won a few cooking awards in the past, for example, the president’s dinner plate competition 2012 and 2013,” John says.
When asked what to expect from his exhibit at the CWA, he said patrons should be prepared to see the most innovative and creative flavoured pepper sauces in the Caribbean and also all-purpose sauces and seasoning sauces.
News Date: October 14 2016
By Orlando Milesi
SANTIAGO, Chile, Friday October 14, 2016, IPS – Climate change is leading to major modifications in agricultural production in Latin America and the Caribbean, and if mitigation and adaptation measures of the productive system are not urgently adopted, threats to food security will be exacerbated.
This could reverse the significant progress made in the region by means of plans to achieve the Zero Hunger goal, the experts told IPS.
For example, to maintain coffee yields, crops had to be moved from 1,000 to between 1,200 and 2,000 metres above sea level, while many Chilean vineyards had to be moved south, to get more sun and rain.
Large companies can afford to buy other land, but many family farmers find their livelihood at risk and wonder if the time has come to change crops or even to leave their land and move to a city, in order to survive.
“Climate change puts us in a situation of insecurity. If in the past we were able to more or less estimate average temperatures or humidity for a particular area, now we have lost the capacity to make forecasts based on a certain degree of probability,” Jorge Meza, an Ecuadorian expert in the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) regional office, told IPS.
“Considering that the effects could be either positive or negative, it has been estimated that by 2030 the impacts from climate change on the regional economy could reach an average of 2.2 per cent of GDP in damage,” he said.
“Some of the effects could be beneficial, like an increase in rainfall that would mean more water for crops,” said Meza, the senior forestry officer in the Santiago office.
But in general terms, he said, if the losses amount to 2.2 per cent of GDP, “there will be countries with zero economic growth, and beyond the economic factor, there will be a strong social impact, of four to five per cent.”
FAO’s aim is to underscore the links between climate change mitigation and adaptation and food security, with the slogan “Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too”, for this year’s World Food Day, celebrated Sunday Oct. 16.
One example to be considered is the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) forecast for Central America.
If the necessary climate change mitigation and adaptation measures are not taken, production of basic grains could be reduced 25 per cent by 2050, the regional U.N. agency estimates.
“This is alarming for two reasons: first because it means a shortage of food, and second because the remaining food – that 75 per cent – will become more expensive. Both phenomena will have an impact on the poor: with less food available, and more costly food, there will be reduced possibilities of access to basic grains,” Meza said.
A FAMILY FARM IN THE STATE OF RIO DE JANEIRO,BRAZIL, WITH A PLANTING SYSTEM ADAPTED TO THE MANIFESTATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE AREA. (PHOTO CREDIT: FABIOLA ORTIZ/IPS)
Climate change is seen in Latin America in some 70 annual weather events, including hurricanes, drought, fires, landslides, and mainly floods, which affect an average of five million people.
Meanwhile, one third of the 625 million people in Latin America live in high-risk areas, exposed to climate events that pose a threat to their livelihood.
At the same time, climate change has more long-term effects, such as declining productivity in agriculture and a greater need to shift crop production areas.
“They say that if you don’t move and continue planting in the same area, you will probably have lower yields, and that could require more inputs or technologies and more resistant seeds,” Costa Rican economist Adrián Rodríguez, head of the Agricultural Development Unit in the ECLAC regional office, told IPS.
“From the point of view of family farming or the production of crops that play an important role in food security, an increase in food prices could affect farmers and consumers,” he said.
He added that there is another effect that has already been seen: the need for relocalisation of productive activities.
“If the climate is no longer suitable for production, you have to move to other areas where the agroecological and climate conditions are adequate. For large companies this is not a big problem, but it is for small-scale producers with less technology, lower levels of investment and a more reduced capacity for stockpiling,” he said.
In 2015, Latin America became the first region in the world to reach the two global anti-hunger goals: the prevalence of malnutrition fell to 5.5 per cent and the total number of malnourished people dropped to 34.3 million.
However, the challenge now is to reach zero hunger, a goal that could be affected by climate change, which has an impact on the four pillars of food and nutritional security: stability in food production, availability of food, physical access and affordability of food, and adequate use of food.
Meza called for mitigation actions that take into consideration a change in the energy sector towards renewable sources and, in agriculture, a shift towards organic practices, avoiding deforestation, the use of animal waste to generate biogas, and improvements in the diets of livestock with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, among other measures.
Rodríguez said mitigation should start by providing farmers with timely meteorological information while developing varieties of crops more resistant to drought, moisture and variability in availability of water and sunlight, and optimising the use of water with more efficient irrigation systems.
He also proposed strengthening research based on the knowledge of “family farmers and indigenous people, who have traditional varieties better suited to certain climates or soils…It is important to take this knowledge into account.”
News Date: October 12 2016
News Date: October 12 2016
Fifth form Agricultural Science and Business students of St Rose’s High School were addressed by Training Coordinator of the National Agriculture Research and Extension Institute (NAREI) Benjamin Frank during a career discussion at the school on October 4th.
St Rose’s students get pointers on agri careers
The school visit, which included a pictorial display, was one of the activities scheduled as part of Agriculture Month 2016, the theme of which is, ‘Exploring new production frontiers: in pursuit of climate resilience.’
It involved a lecture by Frank on potential areas of pursuit within the field as well as an outline of the process and requirements for attaining each.
Student David Baxter expressed that the session piqued his interest in the subject area. “I understand that many people in Guyana look at agriculture like that’s a bad thing but my personal opinion is that agriculture is a wonderful career to pursue and I might just be pursuing it myself. I was considering it a bit before but now it’s more of an interest now so I might just do it,” Baxter related.
His batch mate, Deandra Mangal, a student of the Art stream, also has her options open to continuing in the area. “…I’m sure a lot of us learnt a lot because we don’t really get these sessions in school but it was a good idea for NAREI to come here and to give us this debriefing,” she stated.
News Date: October 01 2016
UNITED NATIONS, Oct 1, CMC – A new United Nations reports says economic growth is not enough to eliminate poverty in rural areas of Latin America and the Caribbean, urging governments to develop targeted policies and investments for agricultural development.
The report also urged governments to correct historic inequality experienced by millions of people across the region.
“With the region’s poorest people living in rural areas, the Rural Development Report 2016 demonstrates the need for a far more comprehensive and holistic approach to economic development in order to eradicate poverty and ensure prosperity for millions of people,” said Kanayo F.Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
“The report makes it clear that investing in rural and agricultural development means investing in the whole economy,” Nwanze said
IFAD said the report titled “The Rural Development Report 2016: Fostering Inclusive Rural Transformation” a “rallying call topolicy makers and development practitioners to win the global war against poverty.”
In the report, leading thinkers analyzed the experiences of rural development in over 60 developing countries, 16 of them in Latin America and the Caribbean.
“Although millions of people in the region have left poverty behind over the last few decades, inequality remains extremely high in the region and one quarter of the population still lives in poverty,” said Joaquín Lozano, IFAD Director for Latin American and the Caribbean.
“To change this situation, we have to start in the rural areas where poverty is more pervasive,” he added.
The report establishes that to enable Latin America and the Caribbean to overcome poverty, inclusive rural transformation needs a comprehensive approach that goes beyond just increasing agricultural productivity.
The report urges that rural people get access to land, infrastructure, health, education and finance, and contribute to establishing stronger local, regional and national institutions.
According to the report, over the past few decades, great strides had been made to overcome the traditional urban-rural dichotomy.
For instance, the report says agriculture is no longer the only economic activity in rural areas, where more and more families are combining farming and non-farming activities to make a living.
The report also says cultural differences between rural and urban populations, especially among the youth, are blurring; and the divide between urban and rural areas is also blurring, as rural communities grow into medium-sized cities and more people live between ruraland urban areas.
“This complex reality represents opportunities, as well as challenges, that require policymakers and development practitioners to change their approach to rural poverty issues,” the report says.
Additionally, the report says that policies and investments need to bring poor, often marginalized, rural people into the economic mainstream “so that rural development is socially, economically and environmentally sustainable.”
“If we want to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of eliminating extreme poverty and hunger, rural areas need to be transformed,” Nwanze said.
“But we know from this report that the process is not automatic,” he added. “It is a choice governments need to make and t is a choice that is becoming increasingly urgent. The future prosperity of people and nations depend on it.”
News Date: September 29 2016
“By importing so much food, small island developing states - SIDS - are basically exporting jobs”. This was the message of CTA Director Michael Hailu at the recently held Brussels Briefing on “Agribusiness development in SIDS: the potential of tourism-related markets”. The Briefing delivered a strong impetus for the strengthening of linkages between local agri-food and tourism sectors, in order to support sustainable economic development and employment, and reduce the dependence on cheap imported foods which has led to dangerous rates of non-communicable diseases in many SIDS.
Over 140 participants attended the Brussels Briefing on the morning of 21 September at the ACP Secretariat to join a panel of experts discussing the opportunities and successful approaches for linking agribusinesses and producers to tourism markets in small island economies across Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. Among the speakers at the event were three-star chefs who have significantly contributed to promoting local cuisines and foods in their respective regions. For them, the Briefing was an important platform to demonstrate the role of chefs as key players for achieving more profitable and resilient agri-food systems in SIDS.
Robert Oliver, chef, author and television presenter from the Pacific, spoke passionately about the need to preserve, promote and innovate on local food traditions, not only for domestic consumers, but importantly also for tourists. This will have a directly positive impact for local farmers, producers and agri-food businesses, many of which face significant challenges to compete against imported goods. "When local food is in tourism, it creates a whole raft of activities; it becomes tourism for everybody, from the coco oil-makers to the cocoa Samoa makers, to the jam and jelly-makers" Chef Oliver added.
"I want to look at a plate of food that goes with a view – an approach that goes beyond the plate and beyond the recipe. It's an approach that is designed to empower chefs and stimulate economies to reclaim tradition and health – and I call this the power of cuisine."
Chef Robert oliver
Executive Chef Peter Edey from Barbados developed a programme for young chefs to compete by cooking high quality, beautifully presented dishes using local vegetables and products from a mystery basket. This encourages the next generation of Caribbean chefs to recognise the value and potential of home grown flavours.
"We as chefs drive this programme and we are aware of the tremendous responsibility that we have been given... At the end of the day everything that farmers produce, that they manufacture, will then have to be put on a plate by the chefs. How it tastes, how it looks, how it is presented, is going to be done by the chefs, so this is why chefs play an important role".
Chef Peter Edey
In Haiti, Stephan Berrouet Durand, Executive Chef of Culinary by Design, champions a number of important initiatives to promote local gastronomy and the relationship between agriculture and chefs. In addition to his involvement in the establishment of a local culinary association, a food and wine festival and the Haiti Gastronomy Month, Chef Stephan is now part of an exciting new development to link Chefs with local farmers using a mobile app.
"The chefs are now able to go onto that app and discover who is producing what, and be able to go to see them, and talk about exactly the type of produce they want to use in their restaurants and their hotels."
Chef Stephan Berrouet Durand
This brings new opportunities for both parties; according to Chef Stephan "We [chefs] are able to work with these farmers, and they are able to tell us 'These are the products that we have, this is how much we produce, and this is how you're going to be able to purchase with us'".
Small island developing states in the Caribbean and Pacific are some of the countries most dependent on food imports worldwide; in fact, the annual food import bill of the Caribbean region totals over $4 billion – in some SIDS food imports make up 50% of all imports, many times higher than the world average of 7%. The tourism sector, which contributes between 14% and 30% of GDP in SIDS is also a significant contributor to this food import bill, as hotels, resorts, cruise ships, hospitality and entertainment facilities spend millions to ensure that there is a constant supply of food for guests, visitors and staff.
The Briefing constituted an important opportunity to take stock of the progress in agritourism development ACP SIDS, particularly in respect to landmark initiatives which CTA has supported. Howard Aru, Director General of Ministry of Agriculture in Vanuatu, noted the achievements of the Vanuatu Agritourism Policy Setting, for which CTA provided significant support, and which has since led to Vanuatu's commitment to develop the Pacific's first ever Agritourism Policy, and has also attracted the interest of regional partners with financing.
Samoa, which recently held the Second Pacific Agribusiness Forum, has also made significant strides to link the agribusiness and tourism sectors. For Charlotte Chan Mow – Brunt, the General Manager of the Orator Hotel, Samoa's private sector can do more to reflect the local pride in Pacific culture, history and food in its activities, and the tourist sector has a lot to benefit from the agriculture and food heritage of the region. Papali'i Sonja Hunter, CEO, Samoa Tourism Authority and Chair of the South Pacific Tourism Organisation (SPTO), emphasised the importance of agritourism in the region's future. She further encouraged CTA to present its work with SIDS to the Tourism Ministers of the Pacific region.
"It's really important for us, as Samoa and as the Pacific, to look at building an agritourism strategy".
Papali'i Sonja Hunter
The need to advance intra-SIDS dialogue and cooperation was a point further emphasised by Ena Harvey, Expert in Agritourism, Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), who has had the opportunity to work with the Pacific island countries, notably Vanuatu, both in her home region of the Caribbean, but also through her participation in CTA co-organised forums in the Pacific. Through this collaboration, best practices in agritourism can be shared between the various islands, such as the importance of investing in quality, standards and certification in the agriculture sector, without which local producers cannot service the hospitality industry. Harvey was also keen to encourage innovative financiers to look to agritourism, culinary tourism and the like, as an exciting opportunity to invest in.
"Many of our SMEs do not have the standard collateral instruments, and we need the business angels and the crowdfunding and that type of out-of-the-box financing".
News Date: September 27 2016
By Gaunette Sinclair-Maragh
Countries around the world are celebrating World Tourism Day under the theme ‘Tourism for all …Promoting universal accessibility’. This focus is quite fitting as the tourism industry, globally, is facing several challenges inclusive of climate change which could stymie access to the various destinations.
For many years, the United Nations (UN) recognised the importance of having dialogue about greenhouse gas emissions and subsequently established the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to facilitate discourse for protecting the climatic system. The dialogue has not changed, and each year since then this meeting dubbed Conferences of the Parties (COP) is held to further the discussion.
Seemingly, there is more urgency for discussions surrounding climate change, its causes and impacts, and seriousness in establishing mitigation and adaptive strategies. The paradigm has shifted from mere meetings and discussions to a regulatory action to reduce greenhouse gas emission to below 2Â°C by countries around the world and adaptive strategies to deal with the impacts of climate change.
Scientists have found that greenhouse gas emissions of which carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the main contributors are causing anthropogenic climate change (global warming). The aim to reduce greenhouse gas emission was at the forefront at the COP 21 Conference held in December 2015 in Paris, thus, the Paris Climate Change Agreement (PCCA).
For the first time, there is an agreement to seriously address this phenomenon. This agreement is the “world’s first legally binding plan” to deal with climate change with the goal of attaining a “low carbon, climate resilient future”. Already, 175 parties to the UNFCCC have signed the agreement at the opening for signature in April of this year. This will be opened for a year to allow other parties to do so. Despite this initiative, some populations remain doubtful, tardy and even oblivious of the climate change phenomenon. Some are still deliberating about climate change and this leads to the question: Is climate change a myth or reality?
In response to the threat of climate change, the USA is determined to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 28 per cent below 2Â°C by 2025. President Barack Obama posits global warming to be “one of the most urgent challenges of our time”. He declares the Clean Power Plan, where power-generation companies will be expected to reduce CO2 emissions by the year 2030. The aim is to make the USA the global leader in the fight against climate change. On September 2, 2016, the USA ratified the PCCA. This is rightly so as the USA is the world’s largest economy and correspondingly one of the world’s top emitters of greenhouse gases.
In accordance with this initiative, President Xi Jinping of China likewise deposited their instrument of ratification to the UN. China is known for its coal economy, which although it supplies cheap electricity, produces most of the global CO2. Together both countries contribute 38 per cent of human emissions. Some critics believe that having the world’s two largest economies ratifying the Paris agreement is a show. The USA and China will also be collaborating in amending the Montreal Protocol to reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) that are used in refrigeration systems, for example, air conditioners, and to have discussions with the International Civil Aviation Organization regarding the reduction of aviation emissions with the aim of decreasing its contribution to greenhouse gases.
September 2016 can be hallmarked as the month for ratifying the climate change agreement by large economies, as Brazil also took this step and pledged to reduce emissions by 37 per cent by 2025 and 43 per cent by 2030. Realisation of these goals could be highly beneficial since Brazil currently emits 2.5 per cent of the world’s CO2 and is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in Latin America. As described, the ‘gala performance’ by the USA and China in ratifying the Paris Climate Agreement and the inclusion of Brazil in this initiative will influence other countries around the world to do likewise, especially the remainder of the BRICS union, that is, Russia, India and South Africa. Collectively, the BRICS countries comprise 42 per cent of the world’s population (three billion people). Their commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions would have a major positive impact on the UN initiative. India has declared its unreadiness to make such commitment at this time due to lack of resources to implement the various strategies to achieve the climate change goal and to devise adaptive strategies.
If there is ratification of the agreement by 55 countries which represent 55 per cent of global emissions, then the PCCA can be enforced. There is an urgent call for the UK Government to ratify the agreement despite its focus on Brexit. The Australian Government is aiming to do so by the end of the year and has started its effort by imposing a clean air quality policy for motor vehicle manufacturers to produce vehicles that will not contribute to carbon emissions.
Despite the movements to address climate change, the USA Republican Party opposes regulations geared towards climate change as there is disbelief about global warming. In fact, a third of the US population believes that climate change is a hoax and 57 per cent disbelieve the UN scientists. If the Republican Party wins the upcoming general election, they plan to pull the USA out of this agreement.
With all this preamble and mixed views, what is the Caribbean’s position? Is climate change a myth or reality for this region? Though not a scientist or geologist, already there are changes in climatic and weather patterns, and corresponding environmental degradation. The year 2015 was confirmed by scientists as the hottest year on historical record and the year 2016 seems to be superseding this. In Jamaica there is evidence of receding shorelines on the south coast to include Little Ochi and Hellshire as well as Negril in the west and Port Maria in the north; prolonged drought; heavy rainfall resulting in flooding and change in rainfall patterns. In Barbados, the marine and coastal ecosystems are being destroyed. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013) report, there is indication of rise in the ocean temperature and sea level as well as more dangerous and intense storm and hurricanes in the region. The biological productivity of the sea is also threatened. These are indicative of changes taking place with and within the natural environmental. What is worrisome is that countries in the Caribbean region seem to be highly sensitive to the impacts of climate change. The majority of them are small island developing states (SIDS) and by virtue of size and location, they are highly vulnerable.
Not only is the region at risk from climate change if it is real, but one of its most substantial and dependent sectors of the economy, tourism, is threatened. The Caribbean region highly depends on tropical tourism through its natural attributes of having ‘sand, sun and sea’. Interestingly, it is said that the smaller countries around the world emit less greenhouse gas, thus contributing to a lesser extent to climate change and global warming, yet they are the ones that are most vulnerable to these impacts due to their size, location and also inability to finance adaptive and mitigating strategies. This is understood as these countries have lower population counts and manufacturing capabilities when compared to larger ones.
The question that comes to the forefront is: What impact will climate change have on tourism in the region? It is a fact that countries in the Caribbean depend on the tourism economy for sustained growth and development. Tourism has become the “lifeblood” of these economies due to decline in agriculture and bauxite among other traditional industries. Tropical tourism is the main attraction for visitors to these destinations; therefore, any impact by climate change can be devastating to the region’s economy, as the resources on which tourism depends will be destroyed over a period of time.
Is climate change in the Caribbean myth or reality? Can the region afford to be complacent despite this probe? Some countries in the region have already signed the PCCA. These include Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba, Dominica, Dominica Republic, St Lucia, Haiti, Guyana, and Grenada. Will they be ratifying the agreement by the end of the year 2016? Although signing and ratifying the agreement are important steps toward the commitment to adaptive changes and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, what about the resources required for doing so? So far Jamaica has raised discussions about its response as indicated in the 2030 Vision. Guyana has been nurturing and expanding its forestry to absorb excessive CO2. However, where are the more comprehensive plans for the Caribbean to achieve this goal? The UN has already identified the lack of resources to be a major deterrent for developing countries and is seeking to have the more developed countries assist in funding and technologies. The UN World Tourism Organization is also calling for climate change mitigation and preventative strategies to assist member countries.
Another initiative is that on September 16, 2016, the Caribbean Tourism Organization and the Caribbean Hotel and Tourist Association joined forces through an agreement to provide climate change services solution in the region so as to jointly protect the tourism industry. This will be done through research and development. The intention is to have other bodies on board such as the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency, Caribbean Public Health Agency, Caribbean Agriculture Research and Development Institute and the Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association. As a combined force, their actions and decisions should be useful in addressing the issue at hand.
In conclusion, if climate change is a myth, then there is no need for concern. If it is a reality, then climate change will exacerbate economic and social challenges. Many natural attractions will no longer exist and revenue inflows from tourism will be drastically reduced. While we stand by to hear more from scientists, geologists, world leaders, politicians and the various global regulatory bodies, let us play our individual and collective roles in making the Caribbean accessible for tourism today and in the future. Let us also not lose sight of the other emerging issues such as Brexit that has the propensity to impact the region.
Gaunette Sinclair-Maragh, PhD, is associate professor at the School of Hospitality and Tourism Management,University of Technology, Jamaica. Send comments to the Observer or email@example.com.
News Date: September 27 2016
Dominica’s export-import agency (DEXIA) hopes that a two-day workshop for agro-processors will help improve their packaging capabilities to allow them to be export ready.
The two-day workshop began on Monday September 26 with an emphasis on roots and tubers.
Root crops include beets and carrots and tubers are potatoes and similar foods.
This is part of the Caribbean Action Agriculture Policy Programme focusing on the Caribbean and the Pacific.
The programme is executed through a contribution agreement signed between the European Union and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture, IICA, in collaboration with the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute, CARDI, funded under the 10th European Development Fund, EDF.
IICA representative, Kent Coipel, told GIS News what they hope will be the outcome of the workshop.
“We expect that agro processors will be more aware of the technology available for packaging their particular product.”
Coipel says many agro-processors use just what packaging material can be locally-sourced or is used for other products.
The training is meant to hone in on the best materials for roots and tubers for export to targeted markets.
Coipel stated that IICA is working closely with the Dominica Bureau of Standards to share specific information relevant to agro-processors.
The main objectives of the workshop will be to identify and recommend suitable packaging material for agro-products; to coach agro-processors on food processing methods and roots and tubers development; to identify basic equipment and materials to assist in the peeling, slicing, and packaging of dasheen and other tubers, and to improve the skills and knowledge of packhouse operators, exporters, and technicians.
Taufeek Ali, the facilitator, says the agenda features hands-on equipment training.
Ali believes that one of the region’s challenges is tradition.
News Date: September 21 2016
The fourteenth Annual Caribbean Week of Agriculture (CWA), one of the Caribbean’s most significant Agriculture focused events, will be hosted in the Cayman Islands from 24-28 October, 2016 by the Ministry of Agriculture. The conference includes a ‘Marketplace’- 2-day Outdoor Living Expo, organised in partnership with the Cayman Islands Chamber of Commerce. This prestigious conference is typically attended by Ministers of Agriculture, Permanent Secretaries, Chief Technical Officers, Senior CARICOM Officials and delegates from across the Caribbean. However, a delegation from the Pacific Islands, as well as leaders from neighbouring territories will also be travelling to the Cayman Islands for this year’s event.
Hosted in collaboration with the CARICOM Secretariat and the Alliance for Sustainable Development of Agriculture and the Rural Milieu (“The Alliance”), the Caribbean Week of Agriculture was conceptualised to place agriculture and rural life on the “front burner” of integrated regional activities. Its principle objective is to enable key decision-makers in the public and private sectors to better acknowledge the importance of agriculture and rural life, to the economic, social and environmental stability of the region. The theme for this year’s conference is ‘Investing in Foods and Agriculture.’
Hon Kurt Tibbetts, Minister for Agriculture, explained that “The challenge of attracting capital investment has long been recognised as a major constraint for the development of Agriculture in the Caribbean. As the 2016 host of CWA and the leading Financial Services Centre in the region, the Cayman Islands, along with the members of the CWA Steering Committee, agreed that the issue of investment would be the appropriate focus. The theme therefore signifies the importance of investment for both primary agriculture and the region’s developing food industry.”
Councillor for Tourism, Joseph Hew, who chairs the Local Organising Committee said, “As an Associate Member Territory of CARICOM, it is an honour for the Cayman Islands to have this opportunity to host the 2016 CWA. While tourism significantly contributes to all of the region’s economies, it also boosts the agriculture sector by increasing the demand for, and consumption of, quality products that are locally produced. By bringing together decision-makers and stakeholders to discuss issues and developments related to agriculture, CWA serves as a valuable vehicle for exchanging ideas and the forging of joint initiatives aimed at increase agri-business opportunities,” he said.
Although the week-long series of seminars and workshops will largely pertain to initiatives in agriculture, the Committee is also ensuring that linkages between tourism and agriculture in the Cayman Islands context are underscored, particularly during the host country social events. Aside from the meetings, delegates will have an opportunity to tour Grand Cayman and visit farmers and livestock producers in Grand Cayman and Cayman Brac. “The global focus on health and well-being has spurred a renewed interest in locally produced fruits and vegetables and livestock farming is now striving to meet increasing demand, said Minister Tibbetts. This ongoing evolution has helped to spur a thriving ‘farm-to-fork’ movement that is becoming so successful; it is one of the areas we look forward to showcasing for attendees,” he said.
One of the highlights of CWA will be a two-day ‘Marketplace’ Outdoor Living Expo which will be held at the ARC at Camana Bay from 26-27 October. “Marketplace is a unique event for the Chamber of Commerce because it involves local as well as Caribbean businesses,” stated Chief Executive Officer, Wil Pineau, “Marketplace provides an affordable opportunity for agriculture related enterprises in Cayman and across the Region to exhibit their products and services and to create a wider network with potential customers, prospects and business partners. The Chamber is excited to be partnering with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Tourism and we encourage local business owners not to miss this outstanding opportunity to get involved.”
For further information on the Caribbean Week of Agriculture please visit the conference website. To register for a booth at the Marketplace or to find out about sponsorship opportunities, please contact the Membership Coordinator at the Chambers of Commerce by visitinghttp://www.caymanchamber.ky/marketplace.html or calling 743-9129.
News Date: September 21 2016
EU-INTRA-ACP APP TO HOST A TWO-DAY FORUM DISCUSSING THE WHO, WHAT, WHY AND HOW OF INVESTING IN MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM AGRI-ENTERPRISES IN THE CARIBBEAN
KINGSTON, Jamaica, September 21, 2016 – Most everyone probably agrees that farms are important. Without farms and other agricultural enterprises, there would be no food. Countries could rely on imports to feed their population but that is expensive and leaves a country vulnerable. So, why is it so challenging for agricultural enterprises to secure financing and attract investors?
Operators of micro, small and medium sized enterprises (MSMEs) involved in agriculture in the Caribbean cite access to financing as one of their greatest challenges.
“It is difficult for small farmers to obtain financing because there are certain levels of record keeping and guaranteed markets that are required by lending institutions before you can even be considered,” says Neil Gomes, Vice President of the Team Fresh Produce, Caribbean Farmers Network (CaFAN) group in Antigua. “As a result, many farmers are reluctant to even approach a lending institution.”
Robert A. Reid, International Consultant, Agribusiness agrees that pre-requisites are an issue, along with the matter of risk. “The difficulty in obtaining financing also stems from a general perception on the part of Financial Institutions (FIs) of the level of risk in lending to agricultural SMEs,” says Mr. Reid. “They are known to experience production and market failures due to factors outside of their control such as adverse climatic conditions, theft of crop, unfair market competition, and failure to collect sales receipts from buyers in a timely manner. FIs have not been proactive in looking at innovative financing schemes where the exposure of the MSME and themselves to high levels of risk can be reduced.”
It is for this reason that the Agricultural Policy Programme (APP), which aims to address the development needs of smallholder agriculture, made it a priority to increase opportunities to secure financing for agricultural MSMEs. Previous activities executed under the APP have generated a wealth of raw data and analysis pertaining to production, markets, commodity-based value chain development initiatives, and the financing needs of agricultural MSMEs. Now, as stated in the action plan for the APP, it is time to “enhance CARIFORUM financial service providers understanding” of opportunities in agriculture.
One initiative aimed at furthering this action is a two-day Regional Agri-Value Chain Finance Forum which will take place later this month in Jamaica. Participants of the forum will include over 50 people from the CARIFORUM and Pacific regions, including representatives of regional and national financial institutions, leaders of producer, enterprise, women and youth groups and networks, and experts in the area of agri-value chain financing.
The main goal of the forum is to share knowledge with FIs; to give them a better understanding of smallholder agriculture and their important role in this industry that is vital to the Caribbean.
“The event will present to them innovative risk-mitigating practices and specific opportunities to be involved in agri-value chain financing of MSMEs. It will also facilitate further face-to-face engagement of CARIFORUM-based MSMEs with financial institutions for the purpose of increasing their access to credit,” said Mr. Reid.
A specific goal of the forum is also to pursue an agreement for the establishment of a CARIFORUM FI Platform for Agri-Value Chain Business Development and to identify a group of Champion FIs that would be charged with the task of overseeing future agricultural initiatives related to financing.
Over the course of the five technical sessions it is expected that attendees will gain a better understanding of their opportunities. For financial institutions, it will be learning about exciting projects in which they can invest. For producer groups, it will be learning about how to become a credit and investment worthy business, and how to better access financing.
Financiers will also be presenting workable proposals for improving access to finance for agribusiness development, and producer groups will be sharing their financing needs. A specific spotlight will be put on Roots & Tubers as an important Caribbean commodity that provides an informed opportunity for investment across the value chain.
“These (roots and tubers) are widely grown by small and medium size farmers in all CARIFORUM countries and at the highest policy level, have been deemed as ‘Priority’ commodities for attention,” says Mr. Reid. “Domestic and export market prospects for these roots and tubers are very encouraging, and so are the prospects for down-stream value addition to produce snack foods, baked products and beverages.
He also notes that organizations such as the Caribbean Farmers Network (CaFAN), the Caribbean Agribusiness Association (CABA) and several chapter members within the Caribbean Network of Rural Women Producers (CANROP) are pursuing roots and tubers production and value-added initiatives, and that these initiatives are supported by the APP and will require further financing in order to grow.
Mr. Gomes hopes that this forum is a success story. Personally, he would like to find out if he is ready to be considered by a financial institution to receive funding and to negotiate support. On a wider scale, he sees it as an opportunity to show young farmers that it is not just “doom and gloom”, as he puts it, but that farming can be a lucrative business opportunity and a good way of life.
The APP Caribbean Action, as part of a wider the Intra-ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific) APP project, seeks to also simultaneously address the concerns of rural communities and small holders in in the Pacific region. The conditions for agriculture production in the Pacific are very similar to the Caribbean. Both regions face difficulties from natural disasters, high food prices, small domestic markets, climate change and reliance on an export market with preferential market access to the EU for commodities and limited access to financing. This is why key individuals from the Pacific Region have been invited to the Jamaica Forum. The Pacific will be represented by the Fiji Crop and Livestock Council (FCLC), the Reserve Bank of Fiji (RBF) and the Fiji Merchant Finance & Investment Co Ltd, as well as the Pacific APP Intra-ACP Team Leader.
The forum will provide an opportunity for the Caribbean Action APP to wrap up the work that has been done in facilitating better financing opportunities for agricultural MSMEs in the Caribbean Region. Information, lessons learnt and recommendations for moving forward will be shared among participants, including those from the Pacific, in a manner that can benefit stakeholders in both regions.
The workshop will take place at the Courtleigh Hotel in Kingston, on Monday 26th and Tuesday 27th September. Caribbean participants are being financed under Component 3 of the APP programme and for the Pacific participants, by The Netherlands-based Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), which is responsible for managing the Intra-ACP component of the APP. The APP is funded by the European Union under 10th European Development Fund.
For More Information about the Regional Agri-Value Chain Finance Forum, please email Robert Reid, IICA International Consultant, Agribusiness at firstname.lastname@example.org and/or Ainsworth Riley, IICA Agribusiness Specialist at email@example.com.
News Date: September 19 2016
Gros Islet, Saint Lucia, September 19, 2016 – “Climate has changed; climate will change and climate demands change”, said Dr. Michael Taylor, a Physicist at a Climate Studies Group in the Caribbean in 2012. He was right. Climate change doesn’t just mean a few more hot days at the beach or a greater need for air conditioning. In the Caribbean, climate change means water shortages, extreme weather events, rising sea levels and so much more. In short, it means an overall stress on our environment and economy, especially when it comes to agriculture. Therefore, action is required to address these changes.
The Caribbean Action under the Agricultural Policy Programme (APP), funded by the 10th European Development Fund (EDF), is a project aimed at addressing the development needs of smallholder agriculture in order to reduce poverty and increase food and nutrition security in the Region. The programme addresses issues such as, strong policy, new and improved technologies, marketing support and strengthening value chains, all in support of the agriculture industry.
Clearly, these are all very important initiatives. However, if the issue of climate change is not addressed it could affect the entire industry to the end that there isn’t enough local food to even demand value chains, marketing and the like.
In light of this reality, the APP Component 1, led by the CARICOM Secretariat, will host a Regional Validation Meeting on Strengthening the Integration of Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management Considerations in the Agriculture Sector. The meeting will take place on September 22nd and 23rd in Saint Lucia at the Bay Gardens Inn, where at least 25 participants from around the Caribbean will gather. Attendees will include senior officials from Ministries of Agriculture, National Hydro-meteorological, Environmental and Climate Change Focal Points and Coordinators and representatives from the Regional Barbados-based Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH) and the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA).
The main goal of the forum is to share the outcomes of a Consultancy that was undertaken as part of the APP. The purpose of the consultancy was to build capacity to strengthen the integration of disaster risk management and climate change considerations into the agricultural sector.
Since it is clear that the climate is changing, the APP recognized the need to be proactive in the approach to challenges that result from climate change, rather than reactive. They engaged a Drought Management Specialist, an Agriculture Economist and a Disaster Risk Management Specialist to create an Audit Instrument that assesses the extent to which planning within an agricultural sector integrates disaster risk management, including factors that result from climate change. The experts were tasked with creating that tool and testing it to see if it was indeed effective.
Secondly, with a focus on Grenada and Saint Lucia, the experts were asked to build Drought Hazard Annexes to agricultural risk management plans that were already in place in those countries. The drought plans include preparedness actions for drought risk management such as early warning systems, contingency water supply plans and risk transfer mechanisms; drought monitoring and reporting actions such as measurement and analysis of precipitation, soil moisture levels and water storage levels in dams and reservoirs and; drought response actions such as water supply management, including rationing and public awareness and activation of drought risk transfer plans.
Over the course of the meeting, participants will review findings and share ideas on how best to improve the audit tool and the drought plans. They will discuss how to standardize them for use across the Region and how to ensure that processes are sustainable over time. They will identify resource requirements that need to be in place to make the tool and plans work as they were designed, and assign actions for follow up.
All of this will be done with the end goal in mind of moving past a crisis based response to climate change and instead, strengthening the Caribbean’s readiness to respond to and recover from environmental events caused by climate change.
For More Information about the Regional Validation Meeting on Strengthening the Integration of Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management Considerations in the Agriculture Sector please contact Ronnie Brathwaite, Deputy Programme Manager, Agriculture Development Programme, CARICOM Secretariat, by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
News Date: September 17 2016
Recently, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) released a report on the impact of climate change on agriculture in the Caribbean region. The report found that the region is expected to see an increase in the intensity and frequency of droughts due to climate change.
The Caribbean region includes seven of the world’s 36 water-stressed countries in the world. Barbados, St. Kitts and Nevis, and Antigua and Barbuda are classified by the FAO as water-scarce because they have less than 1,000 m3 freshwater resources per capita.
According to the report, one of the main challenges is the low water availability, which affects the agriculture sector and the water resources. The region also experiences a large number of bush fires due to the drought-like conditions.
“Drought ranks as the single most common cause of severe food shortages in developing countries, so this is a key issue for Caribbean food security,” says Deep Ford, FAO Regional Coordinator in the Caribbean.
The FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva explains that extreme weather events can damage the agriculture sector in the island nations because they are becoming stronger and more frequent due to climate change. “In few places is the impact of climate change so evident as in Small Island Developing States (SIDS). For SIDS, climate change is not just an urgent issue. It is a question of survival,” says Graziano da Silva.
According to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the region is vulnerable to the negative impact of climate change, even though it contributes less greenhouse gas emissions compared to other areas.
The Inter-American Development Bank says that climate change caused around US$136 billion in damages in the region between 1990 and 2008.
“This means that the Caribbean region can be taken back 20 to 30 years because of the issue of climate change,” says Juan M. Cheaz Pelaez, the senior program coordinator for Agricultural Policy and Value Chains at the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA).
Climate events have led to social, economic, and environmental damage, according to Cheaz. Droughts can decrease the crop yields and productivity, and affect the health of poultry and livestock.
A recent project by the University of the West Indies examined the impact of climate change on tomato and cocoa production in Trinidad and Tobago, and Jamaica. Researchers used crop-climate models for tomato and cocoa plants to determine the resilience of the crops to heat stress and droughts. The results of the community-level surveys showed that around 62 percent of farmers experienced a significant crop failure during the past ten years, and cocoa farmers indicated that the largest threat was drought in Trinidad and Tobago.
According to Cheaz, a single climate event can affect the livelihoods of farmers. As a result, the agriculture sector should be resilient in order to deal with the impact of climate change.
Governments should work to develop solutions designed to adapt to climate change, according to Jethro Greene, the chief coordinator of the Caribbean Farmers Network. Greene suggests that climate change will lead to an increase in severe climate events if countries do not develop policies to build resilient communities and promote sustainable agricultural practices in the region.
The report also highlights some of the issues related to drought management, which include limited funding, weak governance, and ineffective coordination of land management.
“These can be overcome by strong political will that encourages participation in policy and planning processes by all actors in the social strata, enabling the sustainable development of water supplies to face the upcoming challenges,” says Ford.
News Date: September 14 2016
Thanks to the collaboration of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) and CARICOM with funding by the European Union, Dominican farmers are learning to be sustainable build capacity for the sustainability of small farmers, youth and women in rural communities.
An agricultural policy program titled the‘Traditional Knowledge and Innovation Training for Sustainable and Resilient Small Farming Systems’ took place on September 13th in the community of La Plaine.
In attendance were organizations such as the Belles Farmers Cooperative, Dominica State College, Cochrane Farmers Group and Giraudel Farmers Group.
The agricultural policy program is multi-dimensional focusing on related enabling policies and institutional environment, appropriate researched technology and innovation and market development with a view to delivering benefits to small producers under these initiatives.
IICA Representative, Kent Coipel addressed the event and described the components of the program.
Component one focuses on policy and strategy, Component two focuses on applied research and Component three focuses on enterprise development.
CARICOM, CARDI and IICA respectively will execute these projects.
Dorian Etienne represented the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute, CARDI.
“Over the years, agro producers have used a wide range of knowledge and practices which have been passed down through oral or written tradition. Somewhere along the line, we deviated and adopted other practices of producing crops and livestock. With climate variability and high input costs, we are being sent back to the drawing board to take a closer look at the traditional knowledge and practices that sustained our small producers.
“It is against this background that CARDI is seeking to improve the capacity of small farmers to build capacity and resilience.
Some of the topics covered at the training are: Sustainable Land Preparation Practices; Soil Health; Pest Management; Farm Waste Practices, and Climate Resilience.
News Date: September 09 2016
BARBADIAN CONSUMERS HAVE access to a bread option which includes local ingredients.
The Purity Wonder Blended Cassava Sandwich Bread was officially launched earlier today at Sky Mall, Haggatt Hall, St Michael with new branding, although it has been available on supermarket shelves since last November.
Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) representative Dr Cyril Roberts said Barbadians had become open to new and different tastes so it was important local food suppliers acknowledged that.
Meanwhile, Minister of Agriculture Dr David Estwick said cassava was being pushed as both as a primary source of food and as a value added product in light of the “staggering” food import bill.
News Date: September 10 2016
News Date: September 09 2016
At the worst possible time, the Caribbean is running short of one of its most emblematic products.
Rich-world consumers have never been keener on the coconut. Starbucks wants the tropical fruit’s milk for lattes, Rihanna promotes its water as a trendy sports drink, and the price of coconut oil has jumped more than 50 percent in the past year.
Photographer: Ezra Fieser/Bloomberg
The Caribbean is practically synonymous with the coconut, so its farmers should be cashing in. For a bunch of reasons, they aren’t. Storms, droughts and the Lethal Yellowing disease, spread by plant-hopping insects, have wiped out entire farms; growers have failed to invest in new trees, or fertilizers to improve yields. Caribbean plantations have shrunk by about 17 percent since 1994, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization.
In Nagua on the Dominican Republic’s north coast, where Dioni Siri has his own trees and also buys from other farmers, production has dropped by about 60 percent in two decades, according to the local association of growers. Siri, who sells to export markets, says that quantity isn’t the only issue: many of the nuts that do get harvested aren’t up to scratch.
In his warehouse, he picks through a pile of the fruit, holding each one close to his ear and shaking it to see if it contains milk. When there’s no sound, the coconut is dumped on a growing pile of discards. “It was picked too early,” Siri says. “It’s not good enough. Our biggest problem is that the farmers aren’t growing enough quality coconuts.”
It’s a problem that nobody saw coming. Two decades ago, international demand was waning amid medical warnings that tropical oils could raise levels of artery-clogging cholesterol.
Coconuts sold for next to nothing in the Caribbean, where they’ve grown for five centuries since being introduced by Europeans traveling from the Indian Ocean. Often, they were just left to rot on their trees.
And most sought-after of all is the coconut’s water, rich in potassium and other electrolytes. It’s on track to become a $4 billion industry by 2019, according to Technavio, a research company.
All Market Inc., the industry pioneer which began selling leading brand Vita Coco in 2004, now cracks about 1.6 million nuts a day, and can claim Rihanna and actor Matthew McConaughey among its celebrity investors. The company estimates that the U.S. market alone is already worth $1.2 billion, according to spokesman Arthur Gallego. “We’re focused on developing new products around the coconut,” he said. “We want to be to the coconut what Dole is to the pineapple.”
With buyers so eager, Vilma Da Silva and her husband gave up growing other cash crops on their 35-acre farm in Guyana’s Pomeroon region five years ago, and starting focusing on coconuts-for-water exports. They buy coconuts from about 60 other small farms, bottle the water and export it, receiving about $1.50 per liter. It’s been lucrative -- revenue has doubled since they made the switch -- but they’re running into supply constraints.
“We want to get into more international markets and export more but there aren’t enough farms to buy from,”’ Da Silva said.
Other countries are stepping in to meet demand. Worldwide, farmers have increased the amount of land planted with coconuts by 14 percent since 1994, according to the UN. Indonesia, the Philippines and India are the top producers.
Meanwhile, with export-oriented Caribbean farmers like Siri and Da Silva buying up all the fruit they can, locals risk losing out. Typically, green coconuts for water have been so plentiful and cheap that any thirsty islander might buy one on the street corner, from a machete-wielding salesman who’d lop off the top and insert a straw. They still do -- but prices are rising, while grocery shelves are filling up with thinned-out or even fake versions. Trinidad & Tobago’s Health Ministry in May confiscated bottles labeled as coconut water from stores, saying they contained only water and chemicals.
It’s not the first time a developing-country staple has been caught up in a first-world food trend. Farmers that grow the finest coffees often can’t afford a bag of their roasted beans. And when protein-rich quinoa caught fire in the U.S., many consumers in Bolivia, one of the biggest producers, were priced out.
Melvin Bautista owns Coco Express del Caribe, one of the leading domestic coconut-water brands in the Dominican Republic. He says he can barely obtain the supplies he needs, as farmers sell to exporters instead, and has raised prices for a 16-ounce bottle by 20 percent this year, to about $1.50. Local farms are mostly “in very bad shape and the trees are very old.”
There’s only one solution, Bautista says: “Start planting more coconuts.”
News Date: September 07 2016
Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, September 2016 – Discussing the proceedings of a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) for an agriculture project in the Caribbean probably sounds like a dry subject. It conjures up images of bureaucrats sitting around a table discussing policy and plans, hashing out process and determining progress. Frankly, that pretty much sums up the TAC for the Agricultural Policy Programme (APP) which took place in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago on 11 and 12 August, 2016. However, if one considers the history of agriculture development projects in the Caribbean, this particular picture becomes quite exciting. It is not that the meetings and topics were unusual, but rather the mix of company.
The Caribbean has a long history of agriculture development projects. From the Regional Food and Nutrition Strategy in the 80s, to the Regional Transformation Programme in the 90s and the Jagdeo Initiative in the early 2000s, many attempts have been made to strengthen this industry which holds great potential for the Caribbean. However, it has been difficult to get the most out of these initiatives without the involvement of every CARIFORUM country and representation from all interested parties in the Caribbean, from farmers and researchers, to private sector service providers, development agencies and governments.
The Caribbean action under the APP, which aims to reduce poverty and increase food and nutrition security in the Region through the support of smallholder agriculture, wanted to directly tackle this historical problem by bringing both countries and all interested agencies together.
“Despite some problems and hiccups, I am proud to say that the Caribbean has collaborated well in this effort. It is not normal,” said Jethro Greene, the Chief Coordinator for the Caribbean Farmers Network (CAFAN) in his closing comments at the TAC. “A few people had a vision for not just their own country. The only future we have is joint action. It is impossible for any country to think they can lead their own charge in agriculture and make it. We must work together.”
Mr. Greene’s comments were echoed by many others during the TAC proceedings including Dr. Inez Demon of the Centre for Agriculture Research in Suriname (CELOS). “This is a great sign of how far we have come,” she said. “I have struggled in getting CELOS to the table where there is usually only government officials. We are very, very grateful that we were able to play our part in the APP programme.”
Thirty-five participants from around the Caribbean were in attendance at the two-day meeting. Development agencies participating in the discussions included the CARICOM Secretariat (CCS), CARIFORUM, the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), Caribbean Exports, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the Organization of Easter Caribbean States (OECS), the Inter-American Institute for Co-operation on Agriculture (IICA), and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA). Research institutions were represented by the College of Arts Science and Technology, Jamaica (CAST), CELOS, the Dominican Institute of Agricultural and Forestry Research (IDIAF) and the Faculties of Food and Agriculture, and Engineering from the University of West Indies (UWI).
The interests of small producers and enterprises were directly represented by organizations such as CAFAN, the Caribbean Agribusiness Association (CABA), the Caribbean Agricultural Forum of Youth (CAFY) and the Caribbean Network of Rural Women Producers (CANROP). Rounding out the attendees list were service providers whose presence in the value chain is irreplaceable, such as financiers, with representation from the Agricultural Development Bank of Triniad and Tobago.
Admittedly, the APP project hasn’t been without its challenges. When the project was signed in March 2013, the lead implementing partners and their collaborating agencies needed to establish trust and mutually beneficial relationships. Also, though direct beneficiary input was planned into the project it wasn’t necessarily factored into the project planning. While the need to engage beneficiaries in project design was well appreciated by the APP Implementing Partners, the choice then, was to either get a project approved within the final weeks of 2010 or miss the opportunity entirely for having an APP.
On reflection, Vassel Stewart, president of CABA affirmed that “we should have involved the stakeholders in the planning stage. It may have given the project a different start. We could have had greater clarity, linking the objectives with specific projects.” Notwithstanding this, he readiliy ackowledged that the project is showing great benefits. “The support we are getting is the most that my members have ever received”, he said. “It places us in a position that we can sustain ourselves”.
Collaboration has historically been difficult in the Caribbean and it took time to forge these relationships and launch brand new ties. These challenges almost brought the project to a halt in early 2015. However, project partners and key stakeholders rallied together to create a scaled-down work plan version of the APP (SDWP). Importantly, direct beneficiaries, such as “CAFAN and CABA informed the SDWP and that made it work,” said Gregg Rawlins, the Representative in Trinidad & Tobago and Co-ordinator, Regional Integration Caribbean Region, IICA. “It is a shift from traditional approach. Here agencies have a more direct engagement with the beneficiaries themselves. It is about keeping our eyes on those we are seeking to support and help. Let’s hope this sets the framework for future regional programmes.”
Since then, work has been moving forward at a rapid speed and with good success. Juan Cheaz of the CTA agrees. “We have been able to gain a good pace and move on priorities in the Region by connecting agencies,” he said in his comments to the TAC.
Diana Francis, the IICA Officer-in-Charge for the APP Project Management Unit, is hopeful about these new and strengthened relationships. She sees the potential to take this model even further. “We need to find out who can help us outside of traditional agriculture circles,” she says. “We need to open up the pool of who we bring into the discussions.”
A good example of this is how the UWI Engineering Department became involved in the project. Ruel Ellis a Lecturer and Engineer in the UWI Faculty of Engineering , was asked to provide some casual feedback on project planning documents as part of the preparatory process for the SDWP. While reading about some of the project initiatives, his engineering mind came alive with ideas. The PMU invited him to put his suggestions forward.
Today, Dr. Ellis and his team have become an important part of the project, working on a protected agriculture initiative which uses environmentally friendly options for cooling greenhouses to an appropriate temperature. Dr. Ellis’ passion for and commitment to the project is palatable. “It was quite by accident that this relationship began,” he said, “but now that it is started I hope that it continues.”
As far as institutional collaboration goes, Dr. Ellis shared the experiences of this new engagement with the APP and what it took to get a formal agreement to work together on one activity under the CARDI-led component. He summed up this experience with an observation that there is a ‘‘painful history that prevents collaboration. If we can find out what the historical pain is and address it, we can bring everyone to the table and make progress for agriculture in the Caribbean.”
Indeed, there is still work to be done before the project comes to an end, and even though all involved acknowledged its rough start, those who have been engaged with the project are pleased with how much has been achieved under the SDWP version.
Added to the tangible contributions made to the beneficiaries, at the closing of the TAC, there was an overall consensus that an attitude of collaboration may just be the greatest achievement of the APP to date. All agreed that the relationships that have been started must continue even when the project comes to an end. There is even a new sense of collective responsibility among an expanding stakeholder base, as well an expectation among the stakeholders, that given what was accomplished in such a short space of time through the scaled down plan, favourable consideration should be given to continuing the project.
“We have fostered strong relationships with stakeholders,” said Gregg Rawlins in his closing statements. “We have had direct engagement with them and recognize that they all have an important contribution to make. We want to ensure that they have a voice in the way forward.”
News Date: September 07 2016
News Date: August 26 2016
Former agriculture minister Roger Clarke was remembered for his commitment to the sustainable development of the local and regional agriculture sectors, and the welfare of small farmers in particular, during Tuesday's launch of a scholarship in his memory, tenable at the College of Agriculture, Science and Education in Passley Gardens, Portland.
Valued at $250,000 the scholarship which is offered by the Caribbean Broilers Group of Companies will be awarded to an outstanding second-year student pursuing a bachelor's degree in agricultural science, with effect from next month.
Dr Keith Amiel, manager corporate affairs at Caribbean Broilers (Jamaica) Limited, used the launch event at the Jamaica Pegasus hotel, New Kingston to explain some of the reasons the company was committed to celebrating "the memory of a remarkable man".
"I recall the day when a poultry industry delegation, faced with impending extinction, walked into his office to complain that indiscriminate (and below cost) poultry imports were ruining us."
Clarke, he said, immediately called in his officers to review the possibility of imposing tariffs to safeguard the considerable investment of local operators and the many jobs that would be in jeopardy. After being properly informed, Clarke took action, as he saw necessary.
"In spite of protests from powerful sources, he insisted that the safeguards be put in place, thereby not only ensuring the survival of the Jamaican poultry industry but creating a stable environment on which we could continuously modernise and upgrade our operations to better serve our customers and countrymen.
And today, except for essentially neck and back, Jamaica is self sufficient in chicken," Dr Amiel explained.
News Date: August 26 2016
Castries, Saint Lucia (August 25, 2016): Massy Stores (formerly CFL), held its Annual Registered Farmers’ Meeting on Wednesday August 24th, 2016 at the Union Orchid Gardens Conference Room under the theme “Massy Stores, committed to working with the farming community”.
As the largest purchaser of agricultural goods including produce, livestock, poultry and value added products, the company reaffirmed its commitment to the agricultural sector to the 100 strong farmers, government officials and stakeholders in attendance.
According to Guest Speaker and Director on the Board of Massy Stores Mr Gordon Charles, ‘As CFL then, and now as Massy Stores, over the past few decades, the company has taken further strides in an effort to strengthen the relationship with its dedicated partners, and as it continues to enhance its partnership under our newly rebranded name, it will continue to support our Massy Stores Farmers! As you all know, the agricultural sector is perhaps one of the most valued by Massy Stores and is in fact among the more critical for the island, so naturally we are proud to add value to its development anew!’
News Date: August 22 2016
Basseterre, St. Kitts, August 22, 2016 (SKNIS): Officials from the Ministry of Agriculture in St. Kitts and in Nevis will hold formal discussions as they seek to harmonize rules and practices in the agricultural fields. The first official meeting is slated for Tuesday, August 23 in Nevis.
Alistair Edwards, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, outlined the issues that will be discussed.
“Among the issues to be discussed to ensure that we have one unified position, is the issue to deal with the export of fish out of a country,” said the Permanent Secretary. “The other issues relate to the veterinary services on St. Kitts and Nevis, as well as the possible creation of a pork industry. We realize that pork is growing on both islands and we want St. Kitts and Nevis to speak with one voice especially where trade is concerned, particularly to do with the importation of pork, as well as the sale of fresh pork on the local market. We will also discuss the procedures and protocol of plant quarantine.”
Mr. Edwards said that local farmers have been clamoring for the Ministry of Agriculture to restrict imports of goods because of the increase production and a difficulty in selling their meats. He noted that the move will be difficult as trade matters will be impacted.
“The World Trade Organization (WTO), which St. Kitts and Nevis is a part of, forbids that in terms of its aims at free trade,” he said, while explaining that the only way to solve the issue is to create a pork industry. “We have to speak to famers from Newton Ground [in St. Kitts] to Indian Castle [in Nevis]. We have to take their numbers within the Federation, their farm families, their possible production, current production and projections for the future before we would even think about any sort of protection for trade.”
News Date: August 20 2016
Outgoing Sub-regional Coordinator of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Dr Deep Ford, has said he is pleased with the work that his office has accomplished in Barbados and the region during his tenure. However he would like to see more 100 per cent homegrown food products being made and sold.
He made the comments recently during a farewell visit to Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Senator Maxine McClean, at her Culloden Road office.
Dr Ford listed the development of a “blended” bread, made with cassava flour and wheat flour by a local bakery, as one of the projects that his office was successful in implementing to encourage the use of locally-grown products. Adding that the bread could be found on a number of supermarket shelves, he noted that this was the first such venture that had reached such a level of success.
The Sub-regional Coordinator also pointed out that the FAO had similarly assisted in the development of a gluten-free cassava and carambola muffin which was currently being sold in a coffee shop at its four outlets islandwide.
“They have doubled their order; it’s gluten free and made with 100 percent domestic products…I feel that this can become a major part of breakfast,” he said.
News Date: August 19 2016
The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) Delegation in Guyana continues to execute its Flagship Project – Integrated Environmental Resilience and Risk Management for Agricultural Production with the execution of a Webinar entitled “Integrated Management of Water Resources for Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture: Experiences from the Caribbean”. The Speakers were Dr. Kevon C. Rhiney, from the Department of Geography and Geology of the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus and Mr. Carlos Fuller, International and Regional Liaison Officer from the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre. This activity which was held on Tuesday, August 16, 2016 was the fourth session executed under IICA’s Resilience Project for the year 2016 and has been a part of a regional action involving other Caribbean territories of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, The Bahamas in addition to the twin island republic of Trinidad and Tobago which are representative countries under the Caribbean Climate-Smart Agriculture (CCSA) Forum.
The objectives of the Forum are as follows: – Raise awareness of best practices promoting and supporting Caribbean Climate Smart Agriculture – Provide a space for dialogue among the relevant actors to discuss Caribbean Climate Smart Agriculture However, the fourth webinar focused on strengthening institutional connections between climate change adaptation and water resources in agriculture, providing technical examples of adaptation strategies to climate change related to water resources and conservation in the Caribbean and provided the context for the necessary cooperation between agricultural, water and environmental sectors The webinar saw participation from key players in the agricultural sector among which were representatives from National Agricultural Research and Extension Institute (NAREI), the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of the University of Guyana (FAF/UoG), the Guyana School of Agriculture (GSA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Fisheries Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Hydro-Meteorological Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Representatives from the IICA Delegation in Guyana. The fifth and final webinar session for 2016 is scheduled for Tuesday, November 1.
News Date: August 19 2016
Fifty-one (51) youths hailing from multiple regions across Guyana have now graduated from a four-day Agro-Processing Training Programme at the Mon Repos Campus of the Guyana School of Agriculture, East Coast Demerara. The first batch comprised fifteen students while the second was made up of thirty six students, all of whom were resident at the School during the training.
The training was a joint effort between the Youth Empowerment Office of the Presidential Advisor, Mr. Aubrey Norton and the School of Agriculture, which only recently graduated its largest ever batch of 156 students at its fifty second annual graduation exercise.
Mr. Nizam Hassan, General Manager of the Guyana Rice Development Board and a former General Manager of the New Guyana Marketing Corporation, in delivering the main address to the youths, emphasised the need for budding entrepreneurs to do the crucial research which pertains to marketing new products and to develop a vision for their operation. He urged the participants to capture the opportunities found in agro-processing.
The course centred on four thematic areas, namely, Food Safety and Quality, Preservation of Meats, Processing of Condiments and Fruit Preservation. An impressive display of the items produced during this training was mounted.
Mr. Samuel Saul, Senior Economic Empowerment Officer within the Youth Empowerment Office, Ministry of the Presidency, also adverted to the additional training opportunities that will be offered to this batch of graduates to develop other capacities which will strengthen their ability to contribute to development through work.
Dr. Dindyal Permaul, Principal of the Guyana School of Agriculture urged the participants present to note that Guyana’s young people between the ages of 15-34 comprise some two hundred and fifty three thousand, all of whom aspire for decent work which allows for productive employment for income, security in the work place, social protection for females and better prospects for personal development. Such opportunities, he noted, can be initiated by training.
The School sees this most recent training, along with its endeavours to place all of its graduates at places which can provide short-term attachment or employment, as one designed to reduce unemployment in Guyana’s Youth, which is documented to be very high in relation to Caribbean countries.
Present at this graduation ceremony too, were Mr. Brian Greenidge, the Chief Executive Officer of GSA, Mr. Ronald Austin, Ms. Adeti DeJesus, Ms. Fayon Marshall, all of the Youth Empowerment Office as well as Dr. Dexter Allen, Director of Administration, lecturers and students, all of GSA.
News Date: August 18 2016
The Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, is collaborating with local company D&C Drones to revolutionise the agriculture sector through the introduction of drone technology.
On Tuesday (Aug. 16) the Ministry took the technology to farmers in Lowe River, Trelawny, to demonstrate its use and applicability.
Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry, Hon. J.C. Hutchinson, who observed the tests, said that the unmanned aerial vehicles are effective in addressing praedial larceny, assessing damage following natural disasters such as a flood or hurricane, and will better assist farmers to put measures in place to boost crop yield.
He said it is extremely difficult to get an accurate picture of damage to crops and livestock following a natural disaster, especially in remote areas.
“Once we have crop damage after a hurricane or flood we find that the estimates are usually never correct. Many of the extension officers can’t reach the areas where the damage is. With the drone we are able to go over and identify all the crops and all the animals that have been lost and bring back the picture within a day,” he pointed out.
He added that the drones can also give a better picture as to crop production, identify areas that might need irrigation, and also plants that may be lacking in nutrients.
“With this kind of technology we will be able to accurately tell the farmer what needs to be done with his various crops. We will now be looking at not only how we can increase production but also productivity. With this technology we are looking to see how we can bolster agriculture. The drone is going to make a big difference as far as us moving forward in agriculture,” he informed.
Senior Director of D&C Drones Nigel Davy, whose company is in negotiations with the Government for the use of the devices, said that drones can revolutionise agriculture in Jamaica.
News Date: August 18 2016
The Jamaica Hotel and Tourist Association (JHTA) says it will be encouraging its members to increase their support of the local agricultural industry.
"The JHTA is committed to supporting Jamaica's tourism industry in all aspects," said JHTA President Omar Robinson.
"It is one of the largest sectors that contribute to the overall success of our tourism product. The industry supplies approximately 65 per cent of all fruit and vegetables for most of our members."
He continued: "We want our farmers to be able to produce the food items required in the desired quantities, at the right quality and time, with world-class agricultural tools and continue to be an important driver of Jamaica's economy."
Robinson extended congratulations to Martin Zsifkovics, CEO of AUSTROJAM Ltd, a member company of the JHTA who won the 'Youth in Agriculture Award 2016'- Large Category at the recent staging of Denbigh, the region's largest agricultural showcase.
After winning the award, Zsifkovics said, "As the winner of this award from IICA (Inter-American Institute for Co-operation on Agriculture) and the Ministry of Agriculture this year, I would like to make an impact on growing agriculture in Jamaica for the long term. To achieve this, all stakeholders have to work together to maintain the consistency and quality of products, while ensuring competitive prices in the best interest of our consumers."
"Agriculture worldwide is evolving in response to growing global populations and demand; we must keep abreast with worldwide industry trends if we want our industry to continue to be successful and contribute significantly to our national economic growth," said Robinson.
News Date: August 18 2016
ALBERT TOWN, Trelawny — People’s National Party (PNP) Member of Parliament for Trelawny Northern, Victor Wright, has accused J C Hutchinson, the minister without portfolio with responsibility for agriculture, of political victimisation.
Wright, who is an agronomist, claimed that Hutchinson did not extend an invitation to him for the meeting he had with community-based production and marketing organisations (PMOs) at the office of the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) in North Trelawny last week.
“These PMOs are supposed to be farming groups, and let me tell you that a meeting was held in my constituency this past Friday and they didn’t invite me and they didn’t invite the JAS [Jamaica Agricultural Society] president,” Wright charged during an address at the People’s National Party’s (PNP) Trelawny Southern constituency conference at the Albert Town High School in the parish on Sunday.
“I don’t see where this new twist is coming from that you can keep a meeting to discuss sensitive matters and you are at that meeting telling farmers to vote out your MP because he is not there. He was not invited. I am saying Jamaica does not have a place for these kinds of politics,” he added.
News Date: August 18 2016
Two technicians from the Ministry of Agriculture will leave the island this weekend for the United States to participate in a 10-day study tour in a programme entitled: “Agriculture Production Water and Nutrient Management”.
Ika Fergus, extension officer in the southeast district, and Vanessa Prophet, research officer at Dunbars Agriculture Station will be visiting Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee and Washington DC.
National IICA Specialist Craig Thomas said the training programme will expose the technicians to new technologies that are offered in the United States.
“This study tour is organised by the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), under the title Technology Advances in Agriculture Production, and they will be looking at various technologies such as agriculture precision, advances in water management and agriculture production, fertiliser and nutrient-use efficiency, among others,” Thomas said.
This study tour will allow participants to visit farmer’s cooperatives, the US Department of Agriculture, Monsanto, the Fertilizer Institute, research and education centres of major agricultural colleges and universities and many large and small scale farmers.
News Date: August 17 2016
NASSAU, The Bahamas -- The Ministry of Agriculture & Marine Resources and the Department of Cooperative Development held a Beekeepers Town Meeting, August 16, 2016 at the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IIAC) on Village Road to encourage its members to work together ‘like bees’ and build the Bahamian Beekeeping industry.
Judy Simmons, Department of Cooperative Development Acting Director of Societies for the Ministry, began by discussing the role of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Department of Cooperatives in developing the industry. She emphasized the importance of working together, gathering funding, buying or building hives, buying beekeeping suits, and learning the culture of beekeeping.
Manuel Messina, Representative of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IIAC) spoke about the objectives of the Association of Caribbean Beekeepers' Organizations and the 8th Caribbean Beekeeping Congress to protect the ecosystem, specifically the food chain, by protecting the lives of bees.
Shacara Lightbourne, National Technical Specialist and IICA Representative, spoke about the organization's Beekeeping Training and Education Initiatives and Opportunities. She explained the many resources available to beekeepers through IICA to support the expansion of successful farms.
News Date: August 17 2016
PARAMAIRBO, Suriname, Aug 17, CMC – Suriname has identified enhancement of ecotourism, the establishment of rural women cooperatives and agricultural diversification as priority areas for the future socio-economic development of the Dutch-speaking Caribbean Community (CARICOM) country.
The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) Delegation in Suriname has presented the results achieved in 2015 and the activities programmed for this year to stakeholders, partners and agencies in the agricultural and rural sector.
Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Minister Soeresh Algoe, said “through IICA’s support, the agricultural sector is looking forward to implementing the Sanitary and Phytosanitary agreement by enhancing our agricultural health and food safety system, strengthening Codex Alimentarius activities and developing value chains within the different agricultural subsectors to further enhance our agro food systems”.
He said IICA´s initiatives have also contributed to strengthening the business and associative capabilities of vulnerable groups, like women and youth.
“Youth interest and their involvement in agriculture is vital to the development of Suriname’s agricultural sector”, he added.
“Suriname has identified agriculture as a priority area and a driver for future development: with an abundance of agricultural land and favourable agro-ecological conditions, Suriname scores with noticeable opportunities for increased production and export”, said Algoe.
Some of the activities undertaken by the IICA Delegation in Suriname include the development of four Community Based Enterprise Centers in the District of Para through community–based enterprise training and the provision of computers, printers and furniture with funding from the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).
News Date: August 14 2016
Science, Energy and Technology Minister, Dr. the Hon. Andrew Wheatley, is underscoring the importance of DNA fingerprinting in ensuring the sustainability of the agriculture sector in the Caribbean and Latin America.
He said the “scientific architecture” is a useful method in verifying the herbal origins and medical uses of certain plants and in the identification of various plant species.
It is also valuable, he pointed out, because of its relevance to plant genomics, breeding and the preservation of biodiversity.
“I believe that Jamaica and the wider region are ready for this intervention and investment. We have the natural resources at our disposal,” the Minister said, noting that Jamaica is ranked fifth in the world in terms of biodiversity.
News Date: August 13 2016
KINGSTON, Jamaica (JIS) — Amidst a campaign to encourage increased consumption of eggs, Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries Karl Samuda is urging players in the industry to ensure consistency in price and quality.
Addressing a breakfast meeting at the Terra Nova All-Suite Hotel in Kingston on Friday, Samuda said the sector must look at how best to sustain reliable output in order to maintain prices, which will allow better business planning.
He further noted that the hospitality sector being a major consumer is also an opportunity for the eggs producing industry, to expand and further maintain consistency.
From this relationship with the tourism sector, he said egg farmers could also expand enough to seek markets for regional export.
Samuda said there are approximately 600 large-scale egg farmers locally. He suggested that training by the Jamaica Egg Farmer’s Association (JEFA) be provided to all famers so as to ensure consistency in quality.
News Date: August 13 2016
The Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries is reorganising the distribution of resources, to ensure that genuine farmers are able to receive assistance whenever they need it.
This was disclosed by Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry, Hon. J.C. Hutchinson during a tour of the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) offices in Catherine Hall, St. James on Thursday, August 11.
He noted that while, Members of Parliament will continue to play their part in the distribution process, community-based organisations such as Production and Marketing Organisations (PMOs) will play a more integral role.
Minister Hutchinson said the new regime will give greater autonomy to PMOs, which will identify their members who are in need of assistance.
The organisation will also be responsible for providing marketing services for their members.
“Whether it’s a bag of fertilizer… or a machete, whatever it is (the PMO presidents will) write down the names and what they want , give it to the (RADA) parish manager and the parish manager sends that cheque and list to the farm store which, the PMO president identifies,” Mr Hutchinson explained.
Beneficiaries he said will only be able to access benefits through membership, and presentation of their government issued national identification cards.
Meanwhile, the Agriculture Minister is urging young people to get involved in the agriculture sector.
“I am one who believes that whatever that young person wants to do with the fertilizer, I say to you as long as he is going out there to plant something that he can make money from give him the fertilizer, so that he can make the money,” Mr. Hutchinson said.
News Date: August 13 2016
Caroni Green Limited (CGL) plans on assisting Tobago’s pepper sauce producers with raw material, CEO Sharma Lalla has said.
A team from the company recently met with representatives of the Tobago Agro Processors Association (TAPA) led by president Darilyn Smart and Bernard Mitchell, CEO of Eco-Industrial Development Company of Tobago (E-IDCOT).
“In presenting an overview of the Tobago agro-sector, Ms Smart indicated that Tobago’s predominantly small-scale agro-processing enterprises continue to face production problems on account of inadequate and inconsistent supply of raw materials,” he said.
“Ms Smart reiterated that unreliable raw material supplies was one of the major constraints to reliable production flows experienced by agro-processors in Tobago. Processors claim that there is not enough raw material produced locally for processing at competitive prices. She added that local agro-processing also suffers from saturation of the available local market which results in far too limited market options.
News Date: August 12 2016
GEORGETOWN, Guyana, Aug 12, CMC -Guyana is set to become the first Caribbean country to be a part of the Competitive Fund for Technical Cooperation (FonTc) Bio-inputs Agricultural Project, funded by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA).
The project is aimed at developing the institutional framework for commercial bio-inputs for agricultural use. It will see collaboration among Paraguay, Dominican Republic and Guyana.
IICA’s Representative in Guyana, Wilmot Garnett, speaking at the launch of the initiative on Thursday, said “the search for sustainable systems of agricultural production that are resilient, efficient and able to mitigate adverse environmental impacts caused by climate change require the use of technological packages involving the use of inputs of biological and chemical origin which must be used to specification to ensure agricultural, human, animal and environmental health.”
Acknowledging the importance of the use of standards and protocols for evaluation, registration and post- registration of bio-inputs, the IICA representative said, “establishment of appropriate institutional structures are essential to support agricultural input, suppliers that want to market in a country chemical or biological products, after obtaining registration with the respective competent authorities”.
News Date: August 11 2016
The Barbados Agricultural Society (BAS) today called for a virtual ban on the importation of poultry products at this time, saying local producers were able to supply the market.
The BAS has been up in arms in recent weeks over the importation of chicken wings, which the body said was to the detriment of local farmers.
Addressing a news conference this afternoon, Chief Executive Officer James Paul said production was on course to exceed 10 million birds this year, and there was no reason to allow traders to import any more.
“This is the second straight year that we are seeing those types of levels of production. And in the face of that, how could we as a country in good conscience, issue any import licence to any importer who seeks to bring in commodities that compete with local producers after they have made a determined effort to increase local production? The reason being that they are looking to satisfy the local Barbadian market,” Paul said, stressing that the industry employed close to 2,000 people directly and indirectly.
News Date: August 11 2016
CROP THIEVES are at it again.
This time they have hit the Government-run farm at the Ministry of Agriculture in Graeme Hall, Christ Church, getting away with a bounty of specially grown cassava in the wee hours, stretching over the weekend and Tuesday.
This latest spate of crop theft has left the ministry reeling from what Permanent Secretary Esworth Reid deemed the destruction of the Barbados economy.
“This (theft) is mashing up the economy of Barbados. There are hundreds of pounds that were actually pulled. Two days before, the same thing happened on the other side of the ministry. So the ministry was hit two times within three days,” Reid said during an interview with the DAILY NATION yesterday.- See more at: http://www.nationnews.com/nationnews/news/84363/cassava-raid#sthash.bfjXeWcz.dpuf
News Date: August 17 2016
A new indigenous chocolate bar is about to hit the shelves.
Biche and Cushe is the product of the Biche community and the latest in efforts to turn Trinidad and Tobago into a viable chocolate producer.
The product is the result of an ongoing project by the Alliance for Rural Communities (ARC) to develop chocolate manufacturing in rural communities across Trinidad and Tobago.
Gillian Goddard, the woman behind the project and producer of the Suneaters Organics and Machel Montano chocolate brands, said the project started two years ago in 2013 and the first community was Lopinot followed by Brasso Seco and Biche.
Brasso is the most active, she said, and was the first to develop a packaged product. The Brasso community has paid it forward, lending their assistance to training the Biche community to develop their own bars.
The Machel Montano Foundation for Greatness has been a key collaborator with the ARC, offering soft loans to assist communities to buy necessary equipment for the chocolate making process.
So far Biche has produced about 200 bars, most of which have been bought by the community.
Goddard said she saved a few to stock at stores such as Cascade Minimart and Arties Maraval where they already have a relationship.
“A relationship-based model is how every rational society functions, even though people are celebrating the product, it is the relationship that strengthens the product. The product is only the reflection of the relationships that are there. There are many communities that put relationships before product and that can make it difficult to in function in a product-oriented marketplace,” she said.
The Biche and Cushe bar retails for around $20 and is described as having a rich chocolaty tone.
“The bean is rich. It is a full bodied chocolate with mild fruity undertones, very delicious about 70 percent, “said Goddard.
In congratulating the community for its new product, Agriculture Minister Clarence Rambharat thanked Goddard and her team, Machel Montano and team, and Courts.
In July, Courts (Unicomer) in collaboration with the Machel Montano Foundation for Greatness and ARC, launched a Cocoa Community Project to train and develop financially independent community-owned rural businesses in the production of chocolate.
The first three communities to receive their funding were Brasso Seco, Grand Riviere and Biche/Cushe areas.